Hungarian Ground Forces

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Hungarian Ground Forces
Magyar Szárazföldi Haderő
Country Hungary
AllegianceHungarian Defence Forces
BranchGround Forces
Part ofHungarian Defence Forces
Garrison/HQSzékesfehérvár
Colors    Red, White and Green
Anniversaries29 September
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Dr Gábor Böröndi

The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian Defence Forces. It is the army which handles Ground activities and troops including artillery, tanks, APC's, IFV's and ground support. Hungary's Ground forces served in Iraq, and are currently in service in Afghanistan and KFOR.

Previous Hungarian ground forces have included the Royal Hungarian Landwehr, the Royal Hungarian Army and the ground force components of the Hungarian People's Army. Hungary was supported by the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and a member of the Warsaw Pact. Since the Soviet Union's fall in 1991, Hungary reduced numbers of tanks and troops, and closed garrisons. The Hungarian Army now deals with national security, peacekeeping and international conflicts. Hungary joined NATO in 1999.

Structure[edit]

In 1963, the Ground Forces included the 5th Hungarian Corps (See hu:MH_Szárazföldi_Parancsnokság) at Székesfehérvár (7th Motor Rifle Division at Kiskunfélegyháza; 8th Motor Rifle Division at Zalaegerszeg; 9th Motor Rifle Division at Kaposvár; 11th Tank Division at Tata; 34th Special Reconnaissance Battalion at Székesfehérvár; the 3rd Army Corps at Cegléd (with the 4th Motor Rifle Division at Gyöngyös and the 15th Motor Rifle Division at Nyíregyháza).[1]

Michael Holm writes that the 3rd Army Corps at Cegléd, Military Unit Number 6639, (see hu:3. Hadtest, with the 66th Communications Battalion and 3rd Security Battalion both at Cegled, 4th Motor Rifle Division at Gyöngyös and the 15th Motor Rifle Division at Nyíregyháza) was established on 1 November 1966, and was identically organised in 1970 and 1980, but by 1988 was reorganised to consist of four mechanised infantry, one tank brigades, and one artillery brigade and three artillery regiments (AA Missile; Anti-Aircraft Artillery; and Anti-Tank Artillery), plus other smaller units.[2]

Both 5th Army and 3rd Mechanised Corps as it had become were disbanded in 1991.

In the late 2010s, the two main combat formations of the Land Command (Hungary) were:

  • 5th Infantry Brigade "István Bocskai", in Debrecen
    • Command Company, in Debrecen
    • 3rd Infantry Battalion "Miklós Bercsényi", in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 39th Infantry Battalion in Debrecen, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 62nd Infantry Battalion in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • Operations Support Engineer Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Logistic Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Combat Engineer Company, in Debrecen
    • Signal Company, in Debrecen
  • 25th Infantry Brigade "György Klapka", in Tata

Military equipment[edit]

Infantry equipment[edit]

Hungarian special forces soldiers (KMZ) disembark from a Chinook in Croatia
  • RS4/4 parachute
  • RS4/4 LA parachute
  • MANTA parachute
  • 93M frag grenade
  • 96M frag grenade
  • Black Ka'bar bayonet
  • AN/PVS-14 Gen3 Monocular Night Vision
  • HALEM-2 laser rangefinder
  • 15/80 binocular
  • PSZNR-5 recce locator
  • FMG 68 decontamination vehicle
  • SSM-1 chemical marker
  • IH-95 radiation level and contamination meter
  • CAM radiation level and contamination meter
  • VFK chemical recce pack
  • DS-10 regiment decontamination pack
  • TMF-2 automatic weather station
  • 2015M protecting suit
  • DECOCOM 3000 decontamination container
  • regiment decontamination trailer
  • 60 mm mortar

Infantry weapons[edit]

Handguns and submachine guns
Model Image Origin Type Details
CZ SCORPION EVO 3 Scorpion Evo 3.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Submachine gun New standard submachine guns. Assembled in Hungary.[4][5]
Heckler & Koch MP5 A3 MP5.jpg  Germany Submachine gun Used by Special Forces
CZ P-09

CZ P-07

CZ P-07 gun.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Semi-automatic pistol Assembled in Hungary.[4][5]
P9RC P9M Hun 1.jpg  Hungary Handgun Service Handgun, replacing PA-63.
Glock 17 GLOCK 17 Gen 4 Pistol MOD 45160305.jpg  Austria Semi-automatic pistol Used by Special Forces
Shotguns
Remington 870 Marine MCS 870 Modular Combat Shotgun (7414624938).jpg  United States Pump action shotgun
Assault rifles, rifles and carbines
CZ Bren 2 CZ BREN 2.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Assault rifle Assembled in Hungary. Intended to replace the AK-63.[4][5]
AK-63 AMMSz.jpg  Hungary Assault rifle Main service rifle of the Hungarian Ground Forces and is the modernized variant of the AKM rifle. 7700 rifles have been modernized, more to follow. Versions: AK-63D/E/MF
M4A1 PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg  United States Assault rifle Used by Special Forces
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 Mannlicher M1895 from the Swedish Army Museum.jpg  Austria-Hungary Rifle Ceremonial rifle.
SKS Yugo SKS.jpg  Soviet Union Semi-automatic carbine Ceremonial rifle.
Machine guns
M249 SAW M249 Automatic Rifle.jpg  United States Light machine gun Used by Special Forces
PKM 7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG  Soviet Union General-purpose machine gun
M2 Browning M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg  United States Heavy machine gun
Sniper rifles
Szép sniper rifle Szep sniper rifle.jpg  Hungary Sniper rifle [6]
M24 SWS PEO M24 SWS.jpg  United States Sniper rifle Used by Special Forces
Dragunov SVD SVD Dragunov.jpg  Soviet Union Sniper rifle Will be replaced by Szép sniper rifle
Gepárd GepardM3.png  Hungary Anti-materiel rifle
M110 PEO M110 SASS Profile.jpg  United States Semi-automatic sniper system
Anti tank weapons
Carl Gustaf M4 Carl Gustav M4 Kokonaisturvallisuus 2015.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle Deliveries will take place between 2019-2024.[7][8]
9К115-2 Metis-M Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg  Russia Anti-tank missile Unknown number delivered by Russia between 1996-1997.[9]
9M113 Konkurs Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [10]
9K111 Fagot 9K111 FAGOT 120mm of the 34th Hungarian Special Forces Battalion.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [10]
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
Grenades and grenade launchers
H&K M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg  Germany Grenade launcher Used by Special Forces

Vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Main battle tanks
Leopard 2 Leopard 2 A7, Eurosatory 2010 (cropped).jpg  Germany Main battle tank Leopard 2A7+
Leopard 2A4
0 (44 on order)
10 (2 more on order)[11]
44 Leopard 2A7+ and 12 Leopard 2A4 tanks on order.[12][13]
T-72 Kecskemét vasútállomás T-72 Rmms kocsin.JPG  Soviet Union
 Belarus
Main battle tank T-72M1 34[14] ~ 130 tanks in reserve.[14] Will be replaced by the Leopard 2A7+ in the 2020s.[13]
Armoured fighting vehicles
Lynx Rheinmetall Lynx Fahrzeug 1DMJ1874.jpg  Germany
 Hungary
Infantry fighting vehicle 0 (218 on order) On August 16, 2020 the Government of Hungary and Rheinmetall Group have signed a contract to start manufacturing the Lynx infantry fighting vehicle family in Hungary. Estimated to start arriving around 2024-2025, the first batch of 200+ Lynx vehicles are expected to reach operational capability in the Hungarian Defence Forces by 2026-2027. Government of Hungary and Rheinmetall Group have signed a contract to establish a joint venture to start manufacturing the Lynx KF41 infantry fighting vehicle in Hungary. The deal is estimated to worth over 2B euros including technology transfers and it confirms the Hungarian Defence Forces has chosen the Lynx KF41 as the next-gen tracked IFV for its armed forces.[15]

On September 9, the Hungarian Defence Forces officially ordered 218 Lynx Kf41 vehicles, out of which 172 will be manufactured in Hungary.[16]

BTR-80 NATO demonstration 141113-A-WU248-225 (cropped).jpg  Soviet Union
 Russia
 Hungary
Amphibious armoured personnel carrier BTR-80A
BTR-80
BTR-80 SKJ
BTR-80 VSF
BTR-80 MVJ
BTR-80 MPAEJ
BTR-80 MPFJ
120
260[10]
Unknown

4[17]

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown
555 units received from Russia between 1996-1999.[9] Modernized Hungarian-upgraded BTR-80s for technical rescue, medical rescue and NBC missions.
BRDM-2 BRDM 2 TBiU 24.jpg  Soviet Union Combat reconnaissance vehicle BRDM-2
VSBRDM-2M
12[18]
5[17]
Equipped with 9M111 and 9M113 Konkurs anit-tank missiles,[19][20] others (VSBRDM-2M) are modified and upgraded for NBC missions.[21][17]
M-ATV M153 CROWS mounted on a U.S. Army M-ATV.jpg  United States MRAP 20+ Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.[22]
Cougar 070225-M-4393H-041.jpg  United States MRAP 13 Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.[23][24]
Maxxpro Navistar MaxxPro.JPG  United States MRAP ~42[10] Bought second-hand.[25][26]
M1151 HMMWV M1151.jpg  United States Utility vehicle 80+ Most of them used by the Hungarian special forces.[27]
Polaris RZR Swift Response 2016 (Image 1 of 16) 160607-A-RJ303-305.jpg  United States Light utility vehicle 12 Used by the Hungarian special forces.[28][29]
Artillery
PzH 2000 PzH2000 houwitser.png  Germany Self-propelled artillery 0 24 on order.[30]
D-20 Артилерійські підрозділи ВМС ЗС України виконали бойові стрільби.jpg  Soviet Union Howitzer 12[10] 283 in reserve.[31]
Surface-to-air-missile systems
NASAMS NASAMS 1, Bodø, 2005.jpg  United States Self-propelled SAM system 60 Ordered AMRAAM-ER in May 2020.[32]
2K12 Kub SA-6 'KUB' missile system exercise!.jpg  Soviet Union
 Hungary
 Poland
Self-propelled SAM system 16[10] Modernized in collaboration with Poland.[33]
Mistral 54RA-IMG 9142.jpg  France Surface-to-air missile 185[34] Mistral 3 + Safran Matis[10][35]
Military engineering vehicles
PTS PTS Hun 3.jpg  Soviet Union Amphibious vehicle PTS-2 50+ Some in reserve. Very large tracked amphibious vehicle used for crossing water bodies and building bridges across rivers
PMP PMP Folding Float Brisge 1996.jpg  Soviet Union Pontoon bridge 3 3 active set. Each set consists of 32 river element, 4 bank element, 2 track element, 12 bridging boat and 38 KraZ-255. The maximal length of one set is 227 metres.[36]
WISENT 2 Jydske Dragonregiment (8108900151).jpg  Germany Armoured support vehicle 0 5 on order.[37]
Leguan Panzerschnellbrücke Leguan.jpg  Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 0 3 on order. The new Leguans are going to replace the BLG-60M armoured bridgelayers which will be transferred to the 37th Engineer Regiment.[37]

Büffel (BPz 3)

Bergepanzer Bueffel.jpg
 Germany Armoured recovery vehicle 0 9 vehicles were ordered in September 2020 as part of the establishment of the joint Lynx (Rheinmetall armoured fighting vehicle) manufacturing plant in Hungary. Deliveries are scheduled for 2023.
MT-55A MT-55 Militärtag - Uffenheim - 2015 .jpg  Czechoslovakia Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 2 [38]
BLG-60M BLG-60M 02.JPG  East Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge BLG-60M2
TMM Truck2 Zamárdi.jpg  Soviet Union Vehicle-launched bridge TMM-3 4 [39] [40]
VT-55 VT-55A 01.JPG  Soviet Union Armoured recovery vehicle VT-55 2
VT-72B VT-72M4 CZ 006.JPG  Czechoslovakia Armoured recovery vehicle 2 [41]
BAT-2 БАТ-2 - Подготовка команд Китая, Казахстана и Белорусии к Международному конкурсу Безопасный маршрут 01.jpg  Soviet Union Armoured tracklayer BAT-2 2 [42]
Utility vehicles, trucks
Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Rába Szentes vasútállomás Rába H-14 katonai szerelvényen 2007-01-16.jpg  Hungary Truck H14
H18
H25
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
The new H-14 series, can be armoured within 48 hours. The armour defends soldiers from bullets, splinters and IEDs.[43]

Production of Rába H-14, H-18, and H-25 trucks commenced in 2004, these initially locally designed chassis fitted with MAN engines, associated components including cooling system and the MAN modular military cab. Current production is CKD using some locally sourced components such as axles. About 300 examples were built using components supplied between 2004-2006, with a further 150 assembled from CKD kits delivered from 2007.

RMMV HX range of tactical trucks  Germany Truck HX77 63 Will also receive up to 150 RMMV HX77 8x8 trucks, with 63 delivered since 2007.
Mercedes-Benz Unimog  Germany Truck 88
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter  Germany Van Van
Ambulance
12
Unknown
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Utility vehicle G-270
G-280
223
Standard utility vehicle
Ikarus  Hungary Bus E95
Aries
20
100
100 Currus-Volvo Aries on order to replace Ikarus 250, 256, 280
Suzuki Vitara  Hungary SUV 550 Standard staff car
Skoda Octavia  Czech Republic Sedan Unknown Used by Military Police
Toyota Hilux  Japan Pickup Unknown 16 used by Military Police
Volkswagen Transporter  Germany Van T6 Van
T6 Pickup truck
80
10
Volkswagen Crafter  Germany Pickup truck 70

River fleet[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Active Number Details
Neštin-class Óbuda - 2013.10.03.JPG  Yugoslavia Minesweeper 3 6 minesweepers were received from Yugoslavia in 1981. As of 2020, 3 of them are in active service and the other 3 were sold.[44]
AN 2 AN 2 542-054 (Baja).jpg  Hungary Minesweeper 5 40 minesweepers were built between 1953 and 1956. As of 2020, 5 of them are in active service, 1 in reserve and the rest were sold.[44] [45][46][47]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Order of battle of Hungarian People's Army, 1963.
  2. ^ Michael Holm, 3rd Mechanised Corps - 3. Gépesített Hadtest - Military Unit: 6639, accessed November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Hungary signs deal to buy dozens of tanks, howitzers from Germany's KMW". Defense News. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Moss, Matthew (10 April 2018). "Hungary to Produce CZ Weapons Under License".
  5. ^ a b c Wilk, Remigiusz (20 December 2018). "Hungarian Defence Forces receive CZ BREN 2 rifles". IHS Jane's. Archived from the original on 17 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Saab Receives Order for Carl-Gustaf M4". 19 Dec 2018.
  8. ^ "Anti-Armour Change-Over". 12 Sep 2019.
  9. ^ a b "SIPRI Trade Register".
  10. ^ a b c d e f g IISS 2019, p. 117.
  11. ^ "Újabb harckocsik érkeztek" (in Hungarian).
  12. ^ Braatz, Kurt (19 December 2018). "Krauss-Maffei Wegmann unterstützt ungarische Heeres-Modernisierung" (PDF). Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (in German). Munich. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Update: Hungary orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's 360. Budapest. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Hungarian armed forces upgrade ground troop equipment". Archived from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Operational Advisor Group Received New Combat Vehicles".
  16. ^ "Lynx gyalogsági harcjárműveket kap a Magyar Honvédség".
  17. ^ a b c "Chemical Protection Unit Installed at Csörlőház". 3 Jun 2009.
  18. ^ "Artillerymen are Celebrated on 4 December". 4 Dec 2010.
  19. ^ "Flame Flowers Over the Minefield". 23 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Rain, Snow and ATGM". 14 Nov 2007.
  21. ^ "Upgrades at the Pride of the Defence Forces". 14 Nov 2007.
  22. ^ "Operational Advisor Group Received New Combat Vehicles". 24 Apr 2014.
  23. ^ "Cougars Entered into Service in Afghanistan". 19 Mar 2010.
  24. ^ "Cougar Combat Vehicles for the Safety of Hungarian Soldiers". 8 Apr 2009.
  25. ^ "Maximal Protection". 10 Feb 2011.
  26. ^ "New MRAPs in Front Line". 10 Jan 2011.
  27. ^ Valid HTML and CSS: Fülöp Gergely (dreamlite), ACME engine: Aurum / (2008-08-18). "Honvédelmi Minisztérium". Hm.gov.hu. Archived from the original on 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  28. ^ "Hungarian Defence Forces Under Dynamic Development". 29 Mar 2018.
  29. ^ "Polaris MRZR 4: No Obstacles!". 20 Apr 2018.
  30. ^ Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Hungary Orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's.
  31. ^ "'Hibernated Abilities' Have Been Resurrected". 30 Jan 2012.
  32. ^ "NASAMS". 27 Nov 2012.
  33. ^ "2K12 KUB in Service of 12th Air-defense Missile Regiment". 27 Nov 2012.
  34. ^ "UNROCA original report Hungary 2017". unroca.org.
  35. ^ "MISTRAL in Service of 12th Air-defense Missile Regiment". 27 Nov 2012.
  36. ^ "Pontoon Bridge over Danube, Tisza and Szava". 9 Jul 2009.
  37. ^ a b "Generation Change". 20 Feb 2019.
  38. ^ "Bridgelayers Around the World".
  39. ^ "Military Logistics" (PDF).
  40. ^ "Demonstration of Technical Training Tasks".
  41. ^ "Hungarian T-72s".
  42. ^ "Caterpillar Monsters and Special Abilities". 3 Apr 2008.
  43. ^ "Image: H14_00.jpg, (1024 × 672 px)". raba.hu. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
  44. ^ a b "Equipments and Abilities of the Hungarian River Fleet Subdivision". 11 Jun 2013.
  45. ^ "Reconstruction of 2 Explosive Ordnance Disposal Patrol Boats" (PDF). 18 Feb 2019.
  46. ^ "Reconstructed Patrol Boats at Explosive Ordnance Disposal Brigade". 5 Nov 2019.
  47. ^ "Patrol Boats on the Water". 11 Sep 2020.

References[edit]