|Type||Wholly owned subsidiary|
master franchisee of Burger King in Australia
|Founded||19 June 1971|
Perth, Western Australia, Australia
James McLamore and David Edgerton
|Headquarters||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Chris Green (CEO)|
|Products||Hamburgers, Chicken products, Salads, French fries, Onion rings, Breakfast and Hot and Cold Beverages, Kids' meals, Desserts|
|Revenue||A$1.043 billion (2010)|
|A$538 million (2010)|
|A$246.5 million (2010)|
|Total equity||A$1.289 billion (2010)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Competitive Foods Australia|
Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd. is an Australian fast food franchise of the Burger King Corporation. It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Competitive Foods Australia, a privately held company owned by Jack Cowin. Hungry Jack's owns and operates or sub-licences all of the Burger King/Hungry Jack's restaurants in Australia. As the master franchise for the country, the company is responsible for licensing new operators, opening its own stores and performing standards oversight of franchised locations in that country. With over 400 locations across Australia, Hungry Jack's is the second-largest franchise of Burger King in the world (second to Carrols Corporation).
History of "Burger King" in Australia
When Burger King moved to expand its operations into Australia, it found that its business name was already trademarked by a takeaway food shop in Adelaide, South Australia. As a result, Burger King provided the Australian franchisee, Jack Cowin, with a list of possible alternative names derived from pre-existing trademarks already registered by Burger King and its then corporate parent Pillsbury that could be used to name the Australian restaurants. Cowin selected the "Hungry Jack" brand name, one of Pillsbury's U.S. pancake mixture products, and slightly changed the name to a possessive form by adding an apostrophe and "s" to form the new name "Hungry Jack's". The first Australian franchise of Burger King Corporation was established in Innaloo, Perth, on 18 April 1971, under the auspices of Cowin's new company Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd. By the end of its first decade of operation, Hungry Jack's had expanded to 26 stores in three states. In October 1981, the company opened its first New South Wales store in the Sydney central business district on the corner of Liverpool and George Street. In 1986, the chain entered Victoria by purchasing 11 stores from the ailing Wendy's Hamburger chain, later converting them to Hungry Jack's.
1996–2001 – legal proceedings
In 1991, Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd. renewed its franchise agreement with Burger King Corporation which allowed the Hungry Jack's to license third party franchisee; however, one of the conditions of the agreement was that Hungry Jack's had to open a certain number of stores every year for the term of the contract. In 1996, shortly after the Australian trademark on the Burger King name lapsed, Burger King Corporation made a claim that Hungry Jack's had violated the conditions of the renewed franchise agreement by failing to expand the chain at the rate defined in the contract and sought to terminate the agreement. Under the aegis of this claim, Burger King Corporation in partnership with Shell Australia, began to open its own stores in 1997 beginning in Sydney and throughout the Australian regions of New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and Tasmania. In addition, Burger King sought to limit HJ's ability to open new locations in the country, whether they were corporate locations or third-party licensees.
As a result of Burger King's actions, Hungry Jack's owner Jack Cowin and his company Competitive Foods Australia, began legal proceedings in 2001 against the Burger King Corporation, claiming Burger King Corporation had violated the conditions of the master franchising agreement and was in breach of the contract. The Supreme Court of New South Wales agreed with Cowin and determined that Burger King had violated the terms of the contract and awarded Hungry Jack's A$46.9 million (US$41.6 million in 2001). In its decision, the Court said that Burger King sought to engineer a default of the franchise agreement so that the company could limit the number of new Hungry Jack's branded restaurants and ultimately claim the Australian market as its own, which was a purpose that was extraneous to the agreement. The case introduced the American legal concept of good faith negotiations into the Australian legal system, which until the time of the verdict had been rarely used in the Australian court systems.
2002 to present
After Burger King Corporation lost the case, it decided to terminate its operations in the country and in July 2002 the company transferred its assets to its New Zealand franchise group, Trans-Pacific Foods (TPF). The terms of the sale had TPF assume oversight of the Burger King franchises in the region as the Burger King brand's master franchisee. Trans-Pacific Foods administered the chain's 81 locations until September 2003 when the new management team of Burger King Corporation reached an agreement with Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd. to rebrand the existing Burger King locations to Hungry Jack's and make Hungry Jack's Pty the sole master franchisee of both brands. An additional part of the agreement required Burger King Corporation to provide administrative and advertising support as to ensure a common marketing scheme for the company and its products. Trans-Pacific Foods transferred its control of the Burger King franchises to Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd., which subsequently renamed the remaining Burger King locations as "Hungry Jack's," joining the other 210 outlets at the time.
Many new Hungry Jack's restaurants have a 1950s theme. Music from this era may be played within the restaurant (occasionally through a '50s-style jukebox) with associated contemporary pictures and memorabilia utilized as part of the decor. In the larger sit-down style restaurants, the seats and tables are laid out in a 1950s diner style.
In the 2009-2010 financial year, Competitive Foods Australia reported an after-tax profit of $32.1 million on sales of $1.043 billion.
The only Burger King trademarks that are currently sold at Hungry Jack's are the Whopper range of beef burgers and the TenderCrisp range of chicken burgers. Other products sold by Hungry Jack's include the Baconator, the Brekky Wrap range and the Grill Masters premium Angus beef burger range, as well as more generic items such as cheeseburgers, chicken nuggets, and chips. Hungry Jack's breakfast menu, introduced in late 2005 in three states (Queensland, Western Australia, and Northern Territory) and the other states the following year, bears little resemblance to Burger King's US breakfast menu, and includes items such as English muffins and toasties. In 2021 Hungry Jack's released two new breakfast menu items, the Turkish Brekky BLAT and the Turkish Brekky BLAT with egg. A BLAT sandwich is popular in Australia, the acronym stands for Bacon, Lettuce, Avocado and Tomato.
Due to the increase in popularity of plant-based meat alternatives being consumed across Australia, Hungry Jack's introduced the "Rebel Whopper" in partnership with V2food in late 2019, which is a variation of the Whopper containing a meat-free patty made with protein extracted from legumes. A large promotional campaign was run, including partnering with online creator Natalie Tran. The restaurant also serves a vegan Whopper burger and English muffins, which contain a vegetable patty.
In mid-2020 the chain introduced the "Big Jack" burger, which is similar to McDonald's Big Mac. The close similarities in the name, appearance and the marketing of the burger led to McDonald's suing Hungry Jack's in the Federal Court of Australia in August 2020 over trademark infringement, and they sought to cancel Hungry Jack's Big Jack trademark which was filed the previous year. They also accused the company of deliberately copying the ingredients and appearance of the Big Mac in bad faith. Hungry Jack's argues that the burger's name is simply a play on the company's name and that of its founder Jack Cowin, and that a burger's appearance and composition cannot be protected by a trademark, noting that their product features "common characteristics of hamburgers" sold everywhere. They have since released a number of variants to the range, including a larger version, the Mega Jack, the Outlaw Big Jack, and the Chicken Big Jack. The case will return to court in 2021.
The Hungry Jack's logo is still based on the 1994 Burger King logo, despite subsequent revisions to the logo used by Burger King in other markets.
Hungry Jack's Kids Club
Hungry Jack's Kid's Club mascots are unique to the Australian franchisee, as opposed to other international locations that use one of the two existing Burger King kid's mascots, the Burger King Kids' Club or the Honbatz. Hungry Jacks does have a Kid's Club program similar to the US offering, offering themed birthday parties at its restaurants along with its Kid's Club Meals.
Hungry Jack's retains strong links with Perth: the city's first team in the Australian Football League, the West Coast Eagles, have been sponsored by Hungry Jack's since their entry into the league in 1987. On 5 October 2017, Hungry Jack's became the naming rights sponsor for the National Basketball League. The Hungry Jack's logo is featured on player jerseys, in and around venues, and the company was closely associated with Heritage Month in January.
- KFC (Jack Cowin previously owned franchises in Western Australia and the Northern Territory.)
- Domino's Pizza Enterprises (master franchise of Domino's Pizza in Australia, New Zealand and several European countries; Jack Cowin's family trust is the majority shareholder of DPE.)
- List of hamburger restaurants
- List of restaurants in Australia
- "Menu". Hungry Jack's. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- Andrew Terry; Heatrher Forrest (2008). "Where's the Beef? Why Burger King Is Hungry Jack's in Australia and Other Complications in Building a Global Franchise Brand". Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business, 2008. 28 (2): 171–214. ISSN 0196-3228.
- AP Wire (2 June 2003). "Burger King slips into Hungry Jack's uniform". the Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
Burger King Corp's new management said on Friday it was ceding the Australian market to the Hungry Jack's brand, dissolving a convoluted relationship that at one time went to court in a franchising dispute.
- Restaurant Business (30 May 2003). "Burger King Re-flags Australian Stores". All Business Your Small Business Advabrage. AllBusiness.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
Mr Cowin bought the Australian franchise for Burger King from the chain's then-owner, Pillsbury Co. But because the Burger King name was already registered in the country, Cowin used a Pillsbury pancake-mix brand, Hungry Jack, for his stores."; "Hungry Jack's was BK's original franchisee in Australia, but the company could not use the Burger King name at the time because it was already trademarked.
- "Hungry Jack's: About Us". Hungry Jack's Online. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Alina Matas (11 November 1999). "Burger King Hit With Whopper ($44.6 Million) Of A Judgment". Zargo Einhorn Salkowski & Brito. P.A. Retrieved 29 September 2007.[permanent dead link]
- "In Australia, Burger King to become 'Hungry Jack's'". South Florida Business Journal. 30 May 2003. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- BK press release (6 November 1998). "Burger King Corporation Announces The Opening Of The Company's 10,000th Restaurant". PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 19 February 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
Burger King Corporation announced today that it is opening its 10,000th restaurant in Australia on Saturday, November 7, a major milestone in the fast-food giant's development plans.
- Caples, John (8 July 1999). "Burger King to head North". The Examiner. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Rani Mina. "A Franchiser's Duty of Good Faith and Fair Dealing". Find Law. Findlaw Australia. Archived from the original on 14 November 2002. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- Burger King Corporation v Hungry Jack's Pty Ltd  NSWCA 187, Court of Appeal (NSW, Australia).
- Burger King obtained special leave to appeal to the High Court: HCATrans 180 (19 April 2002), however the appeal was later dismissed by consent:  HCATrans 578 (14 November 2002).
- "Importing into Australian law the US notion of good faith in contract-related dealings". Allens Arthur Robinson. June 2008. Archived from the original on 13 January 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
Now, it seems that the Courts are using these concepts in commercial disputes in New South Wales. An unreported judgment late last year in Hungry Jack's v Burger King indicates that the notion of good faith may well be implied between the parties in some contractual disputes.
- Rani Mina (Corrs Chambers Westgarth) (March 2002). "A Franchiser's Duty of Good Faith and Fair Dealing". FindLaw. Findlaw (Australia). Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2008.
In contrast, it was necessary to imply this duty [good faith] in the Burger King case to give business efficacy to the agreement because the agreement gave Burger King a discretionary power to terminate the agreement on the basis of operational and financial grounds that involved subjective considerations. Burger King could terminate the agreement for the slightest breach based on a subjective evaluation of the circumstances if it were not obliged to act in good faith.
- Olympic Software press release (May 2006). "Burger King all fired up about Microsoft Great Plains Professional" (Press release). iStart. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
TPF Restaurants manages the New Zealand Burger King franchise. Established in New Zealand in 1994, the company now has 65 restaurants in New Zealand and a growing operation in Australia.
- Jackson, Allison (25 April 2002). "Jack not so hungry for Burger King". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- BK Press release (24 April 2002). "Burger King Corporation Announces New Agreement Creating A Growth Platform for the Burger King(R) Brand in Australia" (Press release). PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 18 February 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
The agreement also includes servicing the 21 existing BURGER KING franchisees, all new franchisees operating under the BURGER KING brand and the responsibility for growth and development of the brand in Australia
- The Gale Group (9 June 2003). "Hungry Jack's to replace BK brand in Australia". Nations Restaurant News. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
"Consolidation means more money for marketing and will create a powerful, single brand with an increased focus on operations excellence that should add to growth in profitability", Brad Blum, chief executive of Miami-based Burger King, said.
- Sonti, Chalpat (13 December 2010). "The burgers sell better at Hungry Jack's". WAToday. WAToday.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "Turkish Brekky BLAT". www.hungryjacks.com.au.
- "Australia is the 3rd Fastest Growing Vegan Market in the World". LIVEKINDLY. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- "Hungry Jack's launches the vegan Rebel Whopper". www.taste.com.au. 14 October 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
- "CSIRO teams with takeaway tycoon to make 'fake meat' fast food". ABC News. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
- "Jack Cowin to build $20m fake meat factory". Australian Financial Review. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
- "Hungry Jack's pokes vegans to promote new burger - AdNews". Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- "McDonald's files suit against Hungry Jack's for 'Big Jack' campaign". Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "McDonald's moves to supersize lawsuit against Hungry Jack's". Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "Renelt Belic Design: Hungry Jack's Logo". Renelt Belic Design. Renelt Belic Design. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- "Hungry Jacks to be the naming rights holder of NBL". Mumbrella. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- Davis, Greg. "NBL lands huge sponsorship deal ahead of Adelaide 36ers and Melbourne United launching 40th season". The Courier Mail. News Corporation. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "Business Report For Hungry Jacks Franchise". Archived from the original on 21 January 2002.