Huntington Lake

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Huntington Lake
Huntington Lake California map.jpg
Map of Huntington Lake
LocationFresno County, California
Coordinates37°14′9.96″N 119°10′44.4″W / 37.2361000°N 119.179000°W / 37.2361000; -119.179000Coordinates: 37°14′9.96″N 119°10′44.4″W / 37.2361000°N 119.179000°W / 37.2361000; -119.179000
TypeReservoir
Primary inflowsBig Creek
Primary outflowsBig Creek
Basin countriesUnited States
Surface area1,441 acres (583 ha)
Surface elevation2,120 m (6,955 ft)[1]

Huntington Lake is a reservoir in Fresno County, California on Big Creek, located in the Sierra Nevada at an elevation of 7000 ft.[2] The lake receives water from Southern California Edison's Big Creek Hydroelectric Project, as well as the many streams that flow into the lake.[3] Some water leaving the lake flows to Big Creek, while some is diverted to nearby Shaver Lake.[3] The lake is home to a variety of recreational activities, including camping, horse-back riding, skiing, sailing, fishing and more.[2] It is drained and refilled through the Big Creek dam system each year, with winter water levels often dipping below 50 percent of the lake's capacity.[4]

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

A wooden dam is pictured in a black and white photo, the dam being constructed is at Huntington Lake, CA in 1912.
Construction underway in the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project in 1912.

Huntington Lake was constructed in 1912 as a part of the enormous Big Creek Hydroelectric Project envisioned by John S. Eastwood to provide power for a growing California.[2] The lake was named for Henry Edwards Huntington, the railroad magnate who financed the earliest work to develop the Big Creek project which includes a system of lakes, tunnels, steel penstocks and power houses.[2]

Four dams form the lake, which has a capacity of 88,834 acre feet (109,575 dam3) and a surface area of 1,441 acres (583 ha).[5] There were originally three dams, completed in 1913, but a fourth dam, completed in 1919, was built to increase the lake's capacity. The other three dams were raised and covered with concrete. State Route 168 passes along the east shore of the lake where China Peak, a ski resort, is located.

On December 6, 1943, a B-24 bomber with six men aboard crashed into Huntington Lake.[6] The crew had taken off from nearby Hammer Field in Fresno, California to search for a second B-24 which had disappeared a day earlier during a night training flight. Two members of the original eight man crew, a radio operator and the co-pilot, bailed out of the troubled plane and survived. Some have speculated that the pilot may have mistaken the lake for a sierra meadow and tried to make an emergency landing during a snow storm. The wreckage of the plane, and the remains of its crew were discovered by a survey team in August 1955, when the lake had been drained for dam repairs.[6] The original B-24 they had been searching for was discovered in July 1960 in Hester Lake, a small body of water in a remote area not far from Huntington. Neither plane has been recovered.[7][8]

A line/bar graph of water levels and annual rainfall at Huntington Lake, California from 2001-2019. Shows a sharp decline in water level and accumulated rainfall during the 2012-2015 North American drought.
The effects of the drought were drastic on the lake — peak season water levels were reduced to lower than half of normal as rainfall sharply declined.

Impact of the 2012–15 North American drought[edit]

Water levels in the lake began falling during the 2012–15 North American drought.[9] By July, 2014, the lake was at a third of its normal level, and the High Sierra Regatta was canceled for the first time in 60 years.[10]

Recreation[edit]

Water levels and weather drastically change at the lake between summer and winter — while nearly uninhabitable in the winter, it is a popular recreation location in the summer.  

High Sierra Regatta

Sailing[edit]

Due to Huntington Lake being 5 miles long, and having steady winds of about 15MPH,[2] it is a perfect location for sailing. Many regattas have been held there, including the North American Sailing Championships.[11] Additionally, Huntington Lake is the site of the High Sierra Regatta, an annual sailing event organized by the Fresno Yacht Club.[12]

Fishing[edit]

Anglers catch brown and rainbow trout, as well as kokanne salmon, on the lake and surrounding streams.[2] Regulations limit the amount of fish allowed to be taken from the lake — fishers can catch and keep five fish a day, and are only allowed 10 total in possession.[13]

Camping[edit]

There are nine campgrounds in the surrounding Huntington Lake Recreation Area — Badger Flat Campground, Billy Creek Lower Campground, Billy Creek Upper Campground, Catavee Campground, College Campground, Deer Creek Campground, Kinnikinnick Campground, Rancheria Campground, and West Kaiser Campground.[14] West Kaiser is a first come first served site, while reservations must be made for the other eight campgrounds.

Horse-back riding[edit]

D&F Pack Station, which offers horse-back riding trips into the Sierra Wilderness, operates on the lake.[15] The outfit runs both quick, day trips as well as multi-day wilderness pack trips.[16]

Snow Skiing[edit]

With snow levels often rising to over 50 inches in the winter,[17] China Peak, located above the eastern shore of the lake, is a popular ski resort in colder months.[18] The resort has a vertical gain of 1,679, with its peak at just over an elevation of 8,700 feet. There are seven chairlifts and over 40 ski runs.[19]

Boy Scouts of America[edit]

View from the air in winter

Due to its relative accessibility and semi-remote terrain, Huntington Lake is the location of many Boy Scout Camps, including renowned Boy Scout Camp Kern, operated by the Southern Sierra Council headquartered in Bakersfield, CA. Additionally, Huntington Lake houses Camp Oljato, operated by Pacific Skyline Council (PacSky), along with a variety of other Scouting facilities.

The former Camp Mirimichi, a Boy Scout facility operated by Sequoia Council, lies at the southern eastern shore of Huntington Lake as well.

Housing[edit]

Cabins, condominiums and vacation rentals make up the real estate on the lake.[20] There are 420 privately owned cabins — each cabin owner pays an annual fee to the United States Forest Service for a "special use permit" to use their cabin and surrounding property, as they are all built on USFS lands.[20] Many are inaccessible in the winter except by snowmobile, while a few have their tracts plowed to the cabins.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Huntington Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Recreation — Huntington Lake". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service — Sierra National Forest. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Hydropower Licenses, Big Creek Nos. 2A, 8, and Eastwood-FERC Project No. 67, Big Creek Nos. 1 and 2-FERC Project No. 2175, Mammoth Pool-FERC Project No. 2085, Big Creek No. 3-FERC Project No. 120: Environmental Impact Statement. 2009.
  4. ^ "HUNTINGTON LAKE (USBR) (HNT)". cdec.water.ca.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  5. ^ "CDEC - Data Application". cdec.water.ca.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  6. ^ a b Zamora, Eric Paul. "World War II B-24 bomber crash at Huntington Lake marks 70 years". The Fresno Bee. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  7. ^ "B-24E 12/5/43". aircraftwrecks.com. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  8. ^ Fontana, Cyndee; Grossi, Mark (14 September 2008). "Huntington Lake still holds crash mystery - Parts of a World War II bomber in the icy depths remain as memorial, legend". Fresno Bee. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  9. ^ The High Sierra forest is dying, and you can't count the loss in dead trees - LA Times
  10. ^ Marcum, Diana (July 11, 2014). "Huntington Lake summer fun drying up in California drought". Los Angeles Times. The High Sierra Regatta — which had been scheduled to begin this weekend at Huntington Lake — was canceled for the first time in 60 years.
  11. ^ "2018 Hobie Cat 18 & 20 North America Championship". Regatta Network. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  12. ^ "2013 High Sierra Regatta". Fresno Yacht Club. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  13. ^ "CDFW Sport Fishing Regulations". apps.wildlife.ca.gov. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Huntington Lake Recreation Area". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service — Sierra National Forest. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  15. ^ "... where the fun begins - Home". dandfpackstation.squarespace.com. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  16. ^ "... where the fun begins - Rates". dandfpackstation.squarespace.com. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  17. ^ "CDEC - Data Application". cdec.water.ca.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  18. ^ "China Peak Mountain Resort | California Ski Resort". www.skichinapeak.com. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  19. ^ "China Peak Mountain Resort | California Ski Resort". www.skichinapeak.com. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  20. ^ a b c "Huntington Lake CA | Nearby Mountain Lake | Shaver Lake Rentals". Shaver Lake. Retrieved 2020-02-19.

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