Hunucmá Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hunucmá)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hunucmá
Municipality
Principal Church of Hunucmá, Yucatán
Principal Church of Hunucmá, Yucatán
Region 6 Metropolitan Area #038
Region 6 Metropolitan Area #038
Hunucmá is located in Mexico
Hunucmá
Hunucmá
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 21°01′05″N 89°52′31″W / 21.01806°N 89.87528°W / 21.01806; -89.87528Coordinates: 21°01′05″N 89°52′31″W / 21.01806°N 89.87528°W / 21.01806; -89.87528
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatan Est. 1824
Municipality Est. 1900[1]
Government
 • Type PRI Party (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[2]
 • Municipal President Delio Jaime Perez Tzab[1]
Area
 • Total 599.10 km2 (231.31 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 30,731
 • Demonym Hunucmeño
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Postal Code 97355
INEGI Code 038
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Hunucmá Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “only answers”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (599.10 km2) of land and located roughly 25 km west of the city of Mérida.[1]

History[edit]

It is unknown which chieftainship the area was under prior to the arrival of the Spanish. After the conquest the area became part of the encomienda system. The encomienda was established under Francico de Montejo in 1549 and by 1571 it had passed to Beatriz de Montejo. In 1579 the encomendero was Diego de Santillán and in 1607 it passed to Martín de Palomar. In 1616 the encomenderos were Diego García de Montalvo, Jacinto de Montalvo y Olmos, and Martín de Montalvo y Figueroa, but by 1678 it had passed to Diego Tello de Aguillar.[4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the to the Camino Real Bajo region with its headquarters in Hunucmá Municipality, which was head of Chocholá, Halachó, Kinchil, Kopomá, Maxcanú, Opichén, Samahil, Tetiz, and Umán. After the ejidos and land redistribution of the 1930s, Hunucmá was reconfirmed as head of its own municipality.[1]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has nine councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of public lighting, public security, education and culture, parks and gardens, public works, cemeteries and roads, markets, potable water, and sports.[5]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[5]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[5]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Hunucmá, Yucatán. The other populated areas of the municipality include Capel, Rancho Chen Toro, Hulila, Hunkanab, Rancho Chico, San Antonio Chél, Rancho San Joaquín, San Miguel, Rancho San Rafael, Santa Cruz, Sisal, Texán de Palomeque. The significant populations are shown below:[1]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 30,731[3]
Hunkanab 448 in 2005[6]
Hunucmá 22,800 in 2005[7]
San Antonio Chel 206 in 2005[8]
Sisal 1672 in 2005[9]
Texan de Palomeque 2937 in 2005[10]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 10 to 15 August there is a festival of the Virgin of the Assumption; on 28 to 31 January, the feast of Corpus Cristi is celebrated; and the last week of August, in Sisal is a celebration in honor of the Christ of Hunucmá.[1]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of St. James, built in the seventeenth century
  • Chapel of San Antonio, built in the colonial era
  • the former Convent and Church of San Francisco, built in the sixteenth century
  • Chapel of Guadalupe, dating from the eighteenth century
  • Hacienda San Miguel Chac

Notables[edit]

Notable locals include: Jose Leon Bojorquez, musician, composer and director of the Folk Orchestra of the State and Tipica de Yucalpetén.[1]

Alberto Bojórquez Pérez Perez Alberto Bojorquez, Promoting tourism and the peninsula.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipios de Yucatán »Hunucmá" (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Hunucmá, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish/English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 490. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Hunucmá". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Hunkanab". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Hunucmá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "San Antonio Chel". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Sisal". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Texan de Palomeque". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2015.