Huocheng County

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Huocheng County
County
Location of Huocheng County (pink) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (grey)
Location of Huocheng County (pink) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (grey)
Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 80°48′28″E / 44.01000°N 80.80778°E / 44.01000; 80.80778Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 80°48′28″E / 44.01000°N 80.80778°E / 44.01000; 80.80778
Country China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture-level divisions Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture
Township-level divisions 5 towns
3 townships
2 ethnic townships
County seat Shuiding (水定镇)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Huocheng (Korgas) County (simplified Chinese: 霍城县; traditional Chinese: 霍城縣; pinyin: Huòchéng Xiàn; Uyghur: قورغاس ناھىيىسى, Қорғас Наһийиси‎, ULY: Qorghas Nahiyisi, official (strict): K̂orĝas Naĥiyisi) is situated within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and under the administration of the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. It is located between Yining and the border city Khorgas, occupying an area of 5,466 km2 (2,110 sq mi) and has a population of 360,000 (2004 estimate). Including the Han and Uyghur nationalities, there are twenty nine ethnic groups living in the county.

North of Huocheng County is Wenquan County; to the south lies the Ili River. Its Western side is Khorgas City; Yining lies about 45 km (28 mi) to the east.

History[edit]

Within Huocheng County lies the important ruined site of ancient Almaliq. The mausoleum of the first khan of Moghulistan Tughlugh Timur is within the county as well.

In the 1760s nine fortresses were built in the Ili River Basin, and four of them were located within the modern Huocheng County. Huiyuan was the headquarter of the General of Ili and as such it was the military and administrative center of Xinjing until the 1860s.

Suiding County (绥定县) was established in 1888 with Suiding as county seat. In 1914 the western area of Shuiding County was organized into Khorgas County, later abbreviated to Huocheng County, with Gongchen (Khorgas) as county seat. In 1965 Suiding was renamed Shuiding. In 1966 Shuiding County merged into Huocheng County with Shuiding as the county seat of the new Huocheng County. In 2014 Khorgas became a county-level city separate from Huocheng County.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Tughlugh Timur Mausoleum (zh), some 30 km northwest of the county seat

The county includes five towns and four townships.

The towns:

  • Shuiding / Süydüng (水定镇) (the county seat);
  • Qingshuihe / Chingsixoza (清水河镇),
  • Lucaogou / Losigung (芦草沟镇),
  • Huiyuan / Küre (惠远镇),
  • Sarbulaq (萨尔布拉克镇, Sarbulaq)

Townships:

  • Lengger (兰干乡),
  • Sandixoza (三道河乡),
  • Sengung (三宫乡),
  • Dashigu (大西沟乡).

Economy[edit]

In agriculture, the local population cultivate wheat, corn and other crops including sugar beet, cotton, tobacco, apples, animal husbandry with cattle and sheep.

The main minerals extracted in the area include coal, phosphorus, iron, gold, silver, copper, limestone, Iceland spar and marble, etc.

Transport[edit]

Huocheng is served by China National Highway 312 and the Jinghe-Yining-Khorgas Railway.

There is a border crossing into Kazakhstan at Khorgas, where the road continues to Zharkent in Panfilov District.

The Jinghe–Yining–Khorgas Railway through Huocheng county was completed in 2010, reaching practically to the Kazakhstan border. There are plans to construct a connecting railway line on the Kazakh side, creating China's second railway link to Central Asia besides Alashankou.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]