Location of Huocheng County (pink) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang (grey)
|Prefecture-level divisions||Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture|
|Township-level divisions||5 towns
2 ethnic townships
|County seat||Shuiding (水定镇)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Huocheng (Korgas) County (simplified Chinese: 霍城县; traditional Chinese: 霍城縣; pinyin: Huòchéng Xiàn; Uyghur: قورغاس ناھىيىسى, Қорғас Наһийиси, ULY: Qorghas Nahiyisi, official (strict): K̂orĝas Naĥiyisi) is situated within the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and under the administration of the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. It is located between Yining and the border city Khorgas, occupying an area of 5,466 km2 (2,110 sq mi) and has a population of 360,000 (2004 estimate). Including the Han and Uyghur nationalities, there are twenty nine ethnic groups living in the county.
In the 1760s nine fortresses were built in the Ili River Basin, and four of them were located within the modern Huocheng County. Huiyuan was the headquarter of the General of Ili and as such it was the military and administrative center of Xinjing until the 1860s.
Suiding County (绥定县) was established in 1888 with Suiding as county seat. In 1914 the western area of Shuiding County was organized into Khorgas County, later abbreviated to Huocheng County, with Gongchen (Khorgas) as county seat. In 1965 Suiding was renamed Shuiding. In 1966 Shuiding County merged into Huocheng County with Shuiding as the county seat of the new Huocheng County. In 2014 Khorgas became a county-level city separate from Huocheng County.
- Shuiding / Süydüng (水定镇) (the county seat);
- Qingshuihe / Chingsixoza (清水河镇),
- Lucaogou / Losigung (芦草沟镇),
- Huiyuan / Küre (惠远镇),
- Sarbulaq (萨尔布拉克镇, Sarbulaq)
- Lengger (兰干乡),
- Sandixoza (三道河乡),
- Sengung (三宫乡),
- Dashigu (大西沟乡).
The Jinghe–Yining–Khorgas Railway through Huocheng county was completed in 2010, reaching practically to the Kazakhstan border. There are plans to construct a connecting railway line on the Kazakh side, creating China's second railway link to Central Asia besides Alashankou.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Huocheng County.|
- Huocheng County information, at the site of Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (in Chinese)
- County Map (in Chinese)
- Thoughts about the history of Yining City and Huocheng County (the writer's point of view on how the places should be called) (in Chinese)
- Henry Lansdell, "Russian Central Asia: Including Kuldja, Bokhara, Khiva and Merv", vol. I. Full text available at Google Books; there is also a 2001 facsimile reprint of the 1885 edition, ISBN 1-4021-7762-3. (Chapters XIV-XVI in Volume I describe Lansdell's visit to the area in the early 1880s, soon after the Russian withdrawal). (in English)
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