|Location||Zhiyinhu Boulevard, Caidian District, Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|Opened||3 February 2020 (Zone 1)|
7 February 2020 (Fully opened)
|Literal meaning||Mount Fire God Hospital|
Huoshenshan Hospital (Chinese: 火神山医院; pinyin: Huǒshénshān Yīyuàn; literally: 'Mount Fire God Hospital') is an emergency specialty field hospital constructed from 23 January 2020 to 2 February 2020 in response to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. The facility is located near the Zhiyin Lake (知音湖) in Caidian District, Wuhan, Hubei, China, next to Wuhan Workers' Sanatorium (武汉职工疗养院), and is designed to treat people with the COVID-19. The hospital will run under the jurisdiction and management of the People's Liberation Army after completion. A second field hospital, Leishenshan Hospital, using the same model, opened on 8 February.
The name "Huoshen" (火神; 'God of Fire') named after Zhurong, an important personage in Chinese mythology and Chinese folk religion who was known as ancestors of the Chu people, and Yan Emperor, a legendary ancient Chinese ruler in pre-dynastic times who was known as ancestors of the Chinese people.
The name "Huo" (火; 'Fire') is also related to the concept of fire (火) in wuxing (五行). In traditional Chinese medicine, the metal element (金) which governs the lung (肺). As fire overcomes metal (火克金), the name conveys the hope that the respiratory infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 will eventually be eliminated.
Construction of the hospital began on the evening of 23 January 2020 for a scheduled completion of construction on 3 February. In the initial stage dozens of excavators, bulldozers and other earth-moving equipment prepared the ground. This was followed by the laying down of several layers of matting and concrete. The omnibus construction team was understaffed at the beginning, with many workers having to work two shifts, 12 hours per day. More workers were added, however, culminating with up to 7,000 people working around the clock in three shifts.
A worker states that they started to work at 7 a.m. and usually finished working in the night, sometimes they have to work overtime until 12 a.m. The meals were delivered to the gate of the site by construction managers, then distributed to workers by their supervisors, workers usually immediately returned to work after finishing the meals in the site. In terms of income, most of the workers earned over 10,000 Yuan RMB for their 8-day work on the site. However, since they were quarantined for 14 days after they returned home, plus the time cost to Wuhan and back, the average monthly income isn't much higher than the normal construction workers, who usually get 8–9,000 RMB per month.
The last brick was claimed to be placed on 2 February 2020. That day the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force began airlifting medical personnel and supplies to Wuhan for the hospital opening, and the hospital proper was handed over to the PLA. Vice Premier Sun Chunlan inspected the facility and equipment of the hospital on that day. The very next day, 3 February 2020, the hospital began accepting patients. The first person entered at 10:00 a.m.
However, according to workers in the site, only Zone 1 is opened for accepting patients on February 3, while Zone 2, 3 and Zone 4 wasn't opened until February 7.
State broadcaster China Media Group has hosted the streams from the construction of Huoshenshan and Leishenshan Hospital, which together had an average of around 18 million concurrent views on 28 January.
The hospital is modeled after the Xiaotangshan Hospital, which was built in the suburbs of Beijing in six days for the 2003 SARS epidemic. Huoshenshan Hospital is built nearby Zhiyin Lake. It accommodates 1,000 beds which spans over an area of around 60,000 m2 and consists of 2 floors. It has 30 intensive care units, medical equipment rooms, and quarantine wards.
The hospital was built with prefabrication units for fast construction and installation works. The units were laid on pillars to keep them off the ground. Each unit is about 10 m2 and fitted with two beds. Each room is depressurized to prevent airborne microorganisms from spreading out of the hospital. It also has specialized ventilation systems and double-sided cabinets that connect each patient room to hallways, which allows the hospital staffs to deliver supplies without the need to enter each patient room. The hospital is linked by a video system to PLA General Hospital in Beijing.
The hospital is manned by 1,400 medical personnel sent by the People's Liberation Army, which consists of 950 people from hospitals affiliated to Joint Logistics Support Force of Central Military Commission and 450 people from medical universities of PLA who were sent to Wuhan earlier. The hospital also uses medical robots in its daily operation to deliver medicines and carry test samples.
According to the reports by Caixin, there were 63 workers from Xiangtan, Hunan, who came to help with the construction. They all returned to Xiangtan and were being quarantined by the local authorities on February 7 after the construction was completed. Two people were confirmed to have COVID-19 among those workers as of February 14. Although the source of their infection is not confirmed yet, they believed they were being infected on the construction site, especially after February 3 when Zone 1 was opened while there was a shortage in supply of masks for construction workers. Those two workers also claimed that some workers had coughs while working.
- Classification of Chinese Hospitals
- Dabie Mountain Regional Medical Centre
- Leishenshan Hospital
- Field hospital
- Aid station
- Mobile hospital
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