Hurfeish

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Hurfeish
  • חֻרְפֵישׁ, חורפיש
  • حرفيش
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ḥurp̄eiš
Hurfesh.JPG
Official logo of Hurfeish
Logo
Hurfeish is located in Israel
Hurfeish
Hurfeish
Coordinates: 33°1′4.36″N 35°20′46.49″E / 33.0178778°N 35.3462472°E / 33.0178778; 35.3462472Coordinates: 33°1′4.36″N 35°20′46.49″E / 33.0178778°N 35.3462472°E / 33.0178778; 35.3462472
Grid position 182/269 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1967)
 • Head of Municipality Mofid Mari
Area
 • Total 4,229 dunams (4.229 km2 or 1.633 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 6,077
Name meaning possibly from "snake"[2]

Hurfeish (Arabic: حرفيش‎‎; Hebrew: חֻרְפֵישׁ‎) (lit. "milk thistle"[3] or possibly from "snake" [2]) is a Druze town in the Northern District of Israel. In 2015 it had a population of 6,077.

History[edit]

The town is situated on an ancient site, where mosaics and Greek inscriptions have been excavated.[4]

In the Crusader era, Hurfeish was known as Horfeis, Hourfex, Orpheis, or Orfeis.[5] In 1183 it was part of an estate sold from Geoffrey le Tor to Count Jocelyn III.[6] In 1220 Jocelyn III´s daughter Beatrix de Courtenay and her husband Otto von Botenlauben, Count of Henneberg, sold the estate to the Teutonic Knights.[7] It was listed as still belonging to the Teutonic Knights in 1226.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596 the village appeared under the name of Hurfays in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira in the Sanjak (district) of Safad. It had an all Muslim population, consisting of 41 households and 10 bachelors. They paid taxes on goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; but the largest amount was a fixed tax of 6,000 akçe; the taxes totalled 6,930 akçe. All of the taxes went to a Waqf.[9]

In 1875 Victor Guérin noted an ancient church, used by the 50 Greek Christians in the village. In addition, Hurfeish had 300 Druze inhabitants.[10] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Hurfeish as "a village, built of stone, containing about 150 Christians, situated on a low ridge, with figs, olives, and arable land. There are few wells in the village, and four good springs on the south side."[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Hurfeish had a total population of 412; 386 Druze and 26 Christians.[12] The latter were all Melkites (Greek Catholic).[13] The population increased in the 1931 census to 527; 18 Muslims, 35 Christians and 474 Druze, living in a total of 110 houses.[14]

In 1945, it had a population of 830, all classified as Arabs, with a total of 16,904 dunums of land.[15] Of this, 1,039 was plantations and irrigable land, 2,199 was allocated to cereals,[16] while 91 dunams were classified as built-up (urban) land.[17]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

Shrine of Sabalan

Hurfeish surrendered to the advancing Israeli army during Operation Hiram, October 1948. An IDF plan, December 1949, to expel the population was blocked by the Foreign Ministry.[18]

Hurfeish was declared a local council in 1967. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) it had a total population of 5,200 in 2006, with a growth rate of 1.9%. The majority of residents are Druze, with a small number of Christians and Muslims. A large percentage of the population are police and army officers, serving with the Israel Police and the Israel Defense Forces.[19][better source needed]

Landmarks[edit]

According to the tradition, Sabalan, a Druze prophet, often identified with the Biblical Zebulon, escaped to cave after he failed to convert Hebron residents to the new religion, then he continued to teach the religion and also built by himself a room over the site of the cave. it is located in Hurfeish, on the top of Mount Zvul.[19][better source needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Palmer, 1881, p. 72
  3. ^ Zev Vilnay (1964). The guide to Israel. Ahiever. p. 501. 
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 651
  5. ^ Pringle, 2009, p. 241
  6. ^ Strehlke, 1869, pp. 15-16, No. 16; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 165, No. 624; cited in Pringle, 2009, p. 241
  7. ^ Strehlke, 1869, pp. 43-44, No. 53; Cited in Röhricht, 1893, RRH, p. 248, No. 934; Cited in Pringle, 2009, p. 241
  8. ^ Strehlke, 1869, pp. 47-48, No. 58; Cited in Pringle, 2009, p. 241
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 176
  10. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 73-74
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 198
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 51
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 107
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 69
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 119
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 169
  18. ^ Morris, 1987, pp. 242, 251, 349
  19. ^ a b Hurfeish-Nabi Salaban

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]