Huron County, Ohio

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Not to be confused with Huron, Ohio.
Huron County, Ohio
Courthouselarge.JPG
Huron County Courthouse
Flag of Huron County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Huron County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Huron County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 1, 1815
Named for Huron tribe
Seat Norwalk
Largest city Norwalk
Area
 • Total 495 sq mi (1,282 km2)
 • Land 491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Water 3.3 sq mi (9 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 59,626
 • Density 121/sq mi (47/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.huroncounty-oh.gov

Huron County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 59,626.[1] Its county seat is Norwalk.[2] The county was created in 1809 and later organized in 1815.[3]

Huron County is included in the Norwalk, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Huron County was named in honor of the Huron Indians (Wyandot), an Iroquoian-speaking tribe who occupied large areas in the Great Lakes region. The word "Huron" may be French, although this origin is disputed.[4]

In the late 18th century this area was in the US Northwest Territory, part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in a sub-region called the Firelands. Connecticut had originally claimed the land as part of its original colony, then afterward wanted to use it to grant to veterans as payment for their service in the war. In 1795 the land was purchased for resale and development by the Connecticut Land Company, but was later under the sole administration of the "Fire Land Company".[5]

At its formation, Huron County consisted of all the Firelands. However, as the population increased in the region, the sections in the northern areas of the county were divided and assigned to the newly organized Erie and Ottawa counties, and a township in the southern section became part of the newly established Ashland County.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 495 square miles (1,280 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,270 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.7%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 6,675
1830 13,341 99.9%
1840 23,933 79.4%
1850 26,203 9.5%
1860 29,616 13.0%
1870 28,532 −3.7%
1880 31,609 10.8%
1890 31,949 1.1%
1900 32,330 1.2%
1910 34,206 5.8%
1920 32,424 −5.2%
1930 33,700 3.9%
1940 34,800 3.3%
1950 39,353 13.1%
1960 47,326 20.3%
1970 49,587 4.8%
1980 54,608 10.1%
1990 56,240 3.0%
2000 59,487 5.8%
2010 59,626 0.2%
Est. 2015 58,469 [7] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 59,487 people, 22,307 households, and 16,217 families residing in the county. The population density was 121 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 23,594 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.98% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.63% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 3.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,307 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,558, and the median income for a family was $46,911. Males had a median income of $35,760 versus $22,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,133. About 6.50% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 59,626 people, 22,820 households, and 16,141 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 121.3 inhabitants per square mile (46.8/km2). There were 25,196 housing units at an average density of 51.3 per square mile (19.8/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 94.9% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.6% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 36.4% were German, 14.5% were Irish, 10.8% were English, and 8.9% were American.[15]

Of the 22,820 households, 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.3% were non-families, and 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,058 and the median income for a family was $53,887. Males had a median income of $41,566 versus $30,967 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,743. About 10.9% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democrat
2016 64.87% 15,930 28.83% 7,080
2012 52.85% 13,060 44.54% 11,006
2008 50.36% 12,884 47.21% 12,076
2004 57.97% 14,817 41.35% 10,568
2000 57.52% 12,286 38.31% 8,183

Government[edit]

Officials[edit]

Commissioner - Gary Bauer (President)

Commissioner - Joe Hintz

Commissioner - Tom Dunlap[18]

Auditor - Roland Tkach[19]

Clerk of Courts - Susan Hazel[20]

Coroner - Jeffery Harwood[21]

Engineer - Joseph B. Kovach[22]

Prosecutor - Daivia Kasper[23]

Recorder - Karen Fries[24]

Treasurer - Kathleen Schaffer[25]

Sheriff - Dane Howard[26]

Judge of Court of Common Pleas - James Conway[27]

Court Secretary (non-elected position) - Julie Wise[28]

Education[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Huron County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Huron County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  5. ^ 'Firelands Pioneer' series of publications (Firelands Historical Society) beginning in 1858-
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  18. ^ "Welcome". Hccommissioners.com. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  19. ^ "Huron County, Ohio: Online Auditor - Home". Huroncountyauditor.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  20. ^ "Homepage". Huron County Clerk of Courts. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  21. ^ [1] Archived September 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ "Huron County Engineers Official Site". Huroncountyengineer.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  23. ^ "Huron County Commissioners". Hccommissioners.com. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  24. ^ "Huron County Recorder's Office". Huroncountyrecorder.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  25. ^ "Treasurer". Huron County. Archived from the original on 7 Jun 2007. 
  26. ^ "Huron County". Buckeye State Sheriff's Association. Archived from the original on 18 Jun 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "Common Pleas Court". Huron County Clerk of Courts. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. 
  28. ^ "Court Staff". Huroncountyclerk.com. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  29. ^ "Ezekiel Silas Sampson". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 25, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°09′N 82°36′W / 41.15°N 82.60°W / 41.15; -82.60