Hurontario Street

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Hurontariostreetsign.jpg
Hurontario St Collingwood sign.png
Ontario 10.svg Simcoe Road 124 sign.png

Hurontario Street
Main Street
Centre Road
Highway 10
Simcoe County Road 124
Hurontario St. within Mississauga
Route information
Maintained by City of Mississauga
City of Brampton
Ontario Ministry of Transportation
Town of Orangeville
Town of Mono
Township of Mulmur
Simcoe County
Town of Collingwood
Existed 1818[1] – present
Major junctions
South end Lakeshore Road in Mississauga
   Queen Elizabeth Way
Peel Regional Road 20.png Queensway
Dundas Street
Burnhamthorpe Road
 Highway 403
Eglinton Avenue
 Highway 401
 Highway 407
Peel Regional Road 15.svg Steeles Avenue
Queen Street
Peel Regional Road 107.png Bovaird Drive
 Highway 410
 Highway 9
Beuna Vista Drive
 Highway 89
------ Name/Course break ------
Resumes at/as Simcoe Road 124 sign.png Simcoe Road 124 near Glen Huron
Simcoe Road 91 sign.png Simcoe Road 91
 Highway 26 (First/Huron Streets)
North end Side Launch Way in Collingwood
Location
Divisions Peel
Dufferin
Simcoe
Major cities Mississauga
Brampton
Towns Caledon
Orangeville
Mono
Collingwood
Highway system

Roads in Ontario

Nearby arterial roads
← Mavis Road/
Chinguacousy Road
;
Highway 10 (North of Orangeville)
Hurontario Street
Cawthra Road;
Highway 410;
Airport Road →

Hurontario Street is a roadway running in Ontario, Canada between Lake Ontario at Mississauga and Lake Huron's Georgian Bay at Collingwood. Within Peel Region, it is a major urban thoroughfare within the cities of Mississauga and Brampton, which serves as the divide from which cross-streets are split into East and West (except at its foot in the historic Mississauga neighbourhood of Port Credit), and is the meridian for the rural town of Caledon, where parallel concession roads are divided into East and West lines. It also forms the meridian for Dufferin County, with the parallel roads being labelled as EHS or WHS for East (or West) of Hurontario Street.

Provincial Highway 10 follows the road through Caledon as far north as Orangeville. The highway designation formerly continued south through Brampton and Mississauga, but the highway was downloaded through both cities in 1997 due to its increasingly urbanized nature and the presence of the 400-series Highways 410 and 403. Highway 24 followed much of the street's northern section (as well as the central section where it ran concurrently with Highway 10) from near Glen Huron to Collingwood, but was also downloaded (to Simcoe County), as it was deemed by the province to be of insufficient importance to be retained in the highway system, and is now known as Simcoe County Road 124 through that stretch.

In addition to these two highways that followed most of its course, Highways 7 and 26 jogged along it for short distances through Brampton and Collingwood, respectively, before being rerouted.

Within much of Brampton, the road is named Main Street.

History[edit]

Hurontario Street was created from two pre-existing roads; the Centre Road[1] and a part of the Toronto-Sydenham Road. It became Hurontario St. after the former was constructed in 1818 south from the harbour on Georgian Bay that later became the site of Collingwood, south to what is now Highway 89, to link up with and absorb the southern leg of the latter coming north from Lake Ontario. This formed a new route between the two lakes, hence the road's name. However, the Centre Road name continued to be used interchangeably at least until the 1950s,[2] and was actually not renamed in its entirety, thus the road does not bear the Hurontario name throughout its length, and a bypassed section is still named Centre Road today.

Route description[edit]

Mississauga and Brampton

Looking north up Hurontario St. from Dundas St. in Mississauga
Main Street in downtown Brampton
Hurontario as Hwy. 10 through Caledon
South end of a bypassed section of Hurontario with the Orangeville Reservoir in the distance
Hurontario St. in downtown Collingwood

The street begins in Mississauga at Lakeshore Road in Port Credit. North of the Canadian National rail underpass, it enters the low-density residential district of Mineola, which extends north to the Queen Elizabeth Way. Then it enters the Cooksville neighbourhood, a higher-density area of highrises and commercial development. At Burnhamthorpe Road, Hurontario passes through Mississauga's City Centre, with the spectacular Absolute World condominium towers rising at the northeast corner. After crossing Highway 403, it passes through more suburban mid-density residential development until it approaches Matheson Boulevard, where a preserved historic farmstead, the Britannia Farm, operated by the Peel District School Board, is located. The road then enters an industrial and commercial area, still under development, which extends beyond Highway 401 all the way to the city limits near Highway 407.

Hurontario then enters Brampton, where it changes name to Main Street after crossing Steeles Avenue. Main St. runs alongside the Etobicoke Creek valley until reaching Brampton's downtown, where it passes landmarks such as Gage Park, Brampton City Hall, and the Rose Theatre Brampton. At Bovaird Drive (formerly Highway 7), the name Hurontario resumes, and the street passes through a lengthy mixed residential/industrial rural-urban fringe zone until it reaches Highway 410 at Brampton's northern city limits.

Caledon to Collingwood

At Highway 410, the Highway 10 designation begins as the street enters rural Caledon, and it has a discontinuity through the interchange as it defaults onto Valleywood Boulevard northbound and the 410 southbound, with ramps connecting the two sections. The road continues northward as the undivided four-lane Highway 10 until reaching Orangeville, where the highway leaves the Hurontario Street alignment to head for the City of Owen Sound, although it parallels it very closely for about 21 km. (13 mi.) as it follows First Line WHS. The reason for the highway's chosen alignment was due to old Orangeville's location farther to the west and (in the case of the former Highway 24 segment to the north), difficult terrain. In Orangeville, it runs as a residential side street and breaks at the Orangeville Reservoir. In Mono, it resumes as a minor sideroad to Highway 89, where it breaks again. It resumes once more in Mulmur Township as a series of broken minor roads with several names (including the aforementioned Centre Rd.) north of Boyne Valley Provincial Park, passing through the hamlets of Dunedin and Glen Huron. North of Glen Huron, it becomes a major road again as it joins Simcoe County Road 124 (which, along with Highway 10, carries the Orangeville-Collingwood through traffic south of this point), until its terminus in Collingwood at Side Launch Way, one block north of First and Huron Streets (Highway 26). The final block is a short one-way northbound extension built in 2009[3] to serve a residential redevelopment project on the site once occupied by the now-closed Collingwood Shipyards.

Vernacular[edit]

Use of the "Highway 10" vernacular on commercial signage in Mississauga

In the cities of Mississauga and Brampton (with the exception of the latter's downtown area), the street is still colloquially referred to by traffic reporters, and even by residents, as "Highway 10" rather than by its street names, despite the high degree of urbanization and the fact that the provincial highway designation is defunct in these cities. A prime example of this is the common reference to the street's intersection with Dundas Street as "5 and 10". The most likely reason for this is the combination of the street being mostly suburban, and the fact that Mississauga is not a traditional prewar city, but was established much later as a reincorporation of the rural Toronto Township,[4] thus the road never had a history of being a city street prior to receiving its highway designation. Even the Ministry of Transportation's traffic camera continues to identify the street as "Hwy 10",[5] as does some signage at the Hurontario & 407 Park and Ride lot and transit terminal. However, the street name predominates in Collingwood.

(Click to enlarge) Route of Hurontario St. in relation to Highway 10 and the northern part of former Highway 24

One result of the use of the terminology is the frequent conflation of Hurontario St. as corresponding to the entire length of Highway 10 to Owen Sound, due to the highway's northern terminus being in that city, which is coincidentally also situated on Lake Huron's Georgian Bay (See diagram on right for route comparison).

Public Transit[edit]

Hurontario St. is one of the busiest transit corridors in the 905 Region of the Greater Toronto Area. Mississauga and Brampton each run separate systems, but routes cross city boundaries. In addition to local routes operated by both cities, Brampton Transit operates a rudimentary bus rapid transit line along it, branded as Züm, and Mississauga's MiWay runs a limited-stop express bus route. The MiWay express bus and the southern portion of Zűm are slated to be replaced by a proposed light rail transit line that is to be constructed along the street in Mississauga and a short distance in Brampton (see Hurontario-Main LRT). The project has received funding approval by the Government of Ontario.[6] It is currently in the design phase and construction is projected to begin by mid-2018.[7]

In Caledon, GO Transit runs a commuter bus route along the road to Orangeville from Brampton's downtown bus terminal. There is also partial service along the street in Collingwood, provided by Colltrans.

The base trunk routes serving the street are:

Mississauga (MiWay):

Route Direction and Termini
19
Hurontario[8] NB To Hurontario & 407 Park and Ride SB To Port Credit GO station
via Mississauga City Centre Transit Terminal
103
Hurontario Express[9] NB To Brampton Gateway Terminal
(Steeles Avenue)
SB To Port Credit GO station
Bypasses City Centre Transit Terminal

Brampton (Brampton Transit):

Route Direction and Termini
2
Main[10] NB To Heart Lake Town Centre
via Sandalwood Parkway
SB To Maritz Drive (Derry Road)
via Highway 407 Park and Ride
502
Züm Main NB To Sandalwood Parkway SB To Mississauga City Centre Transit Terminal
Bypasses Highway 407 Park and Ride and Downtown Brampton Terminal

Caledon (GO Transit)

Route Direction and Termini
37
Orangeville/Brampton[11] NB To Orangeville GO Park and Ride SB To Brampton Downtown Terminal

Collingwood (Colltrans)

The East Route[12] operates along Hurontario for part of its run.

Attractions and institutions along Hurontario Street[edit]

Attractions and institutions along Hurontario Street in urban Peel Region include (south to north):

Caledon to Collingwood:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History Bytes". Heritage Mississauga. Mississauga Heritage Foundation. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  2. ^ "A Brief History of Public Transit in Mississauga Mississauga Transit/Miway Image Archive—Arrow Bus Lines schedule". Transit Toronto. Retrieved November 23, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Google Maps view of construction of street extension in Collingwood in 2009". 
  4. ^ "1968 – Amalgamation to form the Town of Mississauga". mississauga.ca. Retrieved September 18, 2017. 
  5. ^ "COMPASS Traffic Cameras - QEW - Halton, Peel Regions". Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  6. ^ "Newsroom: Ontario Moving Forward with Hurontario-Main Light Rail Transit Project". 
  7. ^ "Hurontario Light Rail Transit (LRT)". Metrolinx. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  8. ^ "19 Hurontario" (PDF). MiWay Route Maps. City of Mississauga. 28 January 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  9. ^ "103 Hurontario Express" (PDF). MiWay Route Maps. City of Mississauga. 2 September 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2015. 
  10. ^ "2 Main" (PDF). Brampton Transit Route Maps. City of Brampton. 2 November 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  11. ^ "37 Orangeville-Brampton" (PDF). Maps. GO Transit. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Colltrans Route Map and Schedule" (PDF). Colltrans. Retrieved March 31, 2017.