Page semi-protected

Hurricane Florence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hurricane Florence
Category 4 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Florence 2018-09-10 Suomi NPP.jpg
Hurricane Florence near peak intensity southeast of Bermuda on September 10
Formed August 31, 2018
Dissipated September 19, 2018
(Remnant low after September 17)
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 140 mph (220 km/h)
Lowest pressure 939 mbar (hPa); 27.73 inHg
Fatalities 24 direct, 16 indirect
Damage > $17 billion (2018 USD)
Areas affected West Africa, Cape Verde, Bermuda, Eastern United States (especially the Carolinas), Atlantic Canada
Part of the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Florence was a powerful and long-lived Cape Verde hurricane that caused severe and extensive damage in the Carolinas in September 2018, primarily as a result of freshwater flooding. The sixth named storm, third hurricane, and the first major hurricane of the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season, Florence originated from a strong tropical wave that emerged off the west coast of Africa on August 30, 2018. Steady organization resulted in the formation of a tropical depression on the next day near Cape Verde. Progressing along a steady west-northwest trajectory, the system acquired tropical storm strength on September 1, and fluctuated in strength for several days over open ocean. An unexpected bout of rapid intensification ensued on September 4–5, culminating with Florence becoming a Category 4 major hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale with estimated maximum sustained winds of 130 mph (215 km/h).

Strong wind shear tore the storm apart, and Florence degraded to a tropical storm by September 7. Shifting steering currents led to a westward turn into a more suitable environment; the system regained hurricane strength on September 9 and major hurricane status by the following day. At 16:00 UTC on September 10, Florence again became a Category 4 hurricane, later reaching a new peak intensity with 1-minute winds of 140 mph (220 km/h) and a central pressure of 939 mbar (27.7 inHg). Afterwards, Florence weakened slightly as it underwent an eyewall replacement cycle, but began to restrengthen late on September 11. However, increasing wind shear caused the storm's winds to gradually taper over the next few days, though the storm's wind field continued to grow. By the evening of September 13, Florence had been downgraded to a Category 1 hurricane, though the storm began to stall as it neared the Carolina coastline. Early the next day on September 14, Florence made landfall just south of Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, and weakened further as it slowly moved inland. Florence degenerated to a post-tropical cyclone over West Virginia on September 17, and two days later the remnants of Florence were absorbed into an extratropical cyclone.

Early in the storm's history, the system brought squall conditions to the Cape Verde islands, resulting in some landslides and flooding; but overall effects were negligible. With the threat of a major impact in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States becoming evident by September 7, the governors of North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia, and Maryland, and the mayor of Washington, D.C. declared a state of emergency. On September 10 and 11, the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia all issued mandatory evacuation orders for some of their coastal communities, expecting that emergency personnel would be unable to reach people there once the storm arrived.

Despite making landfall as a weakened Category 1 hurricane, Florence still had enough wind speed to uproot trees and cause widespread power outages throughout the Carolinas. A ridge of high pressure over eastern North America stalled Florence's forward motion for several days while making landfall; moving forward at only 2–3 miles per hour (3.2–4.8 km/h); the storm continually dumped heavy rain along coastal areas from September 13, when the outer rain bands first began to be felt, to September 15, when the storm was still stalled out only a few miles west of Wilmington. Coupled with a large storm surge, this caused widespread flooding along a long stretch of the North Carolina coast, from New Bern to Wilmington. As the storm moved inland, from September 15 to 17, heavy rain caused widespread inland flooding, inundating cities such as Fayetteville, Smithfield, Lumberton, Durham, and Chapel Hill, as major rivers such as the Neuse River, Eno River, Cape Fear River, and Lumber River all spilled over their banks. Most major roads and highways in the area experienced some flooding, with large stretches of I-40, I-95, and US Route 70 remaining impassable for days after the storm had passed. The city of Wilmington was cut off entirely from the rest of the mainland by floodwaters. The storm also spawned tornadoes in several places along its path. Many places received record-breaking rainfall, with more than 30 inches (760 mm) measured in some locations. At least 40 deaths were attributed to the storm; and damage is currently estimated at more than $17 billion (2018 USD).[1]

Meteorological history

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

On August 28, 2018, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) began monitoring a tropical wave—an elongated trough of low air pressure—over Western Africa for possible tropical cyclogenesis within the subsequent five days, as it progressed westward.[2] Development into a tropical cyclone became increasingly likely on the following day,[3] and a more defined low coalesced along the coast of Senegal on August 30.[4] Favorable environmental conditions, including ample moisture and low wind shear,[5] enabled further organization and development of broad shower and thunderstorm activity. Lacking a well-defined center but posing an immediate threat to Cape Verde, the NHC began issuing advisories on the system as Potential Tropical Cyclone Six later that day. Easterly trade winds propelled the disturbance along a west to west-northwest trajectory.[6] Through much of the day and into August 31, convection remained confined to the southwest of the disturbance within a monsoon trough and precluded its classification as a tropical cyclone.[7] Toward the end of August 31, convective organization became sufficient for the NHC to mark the formation of Tropical Depression Six, as the system passed south of Santiago in Cape Verde. Surface pressures on the island fell to 1005 mbar (hPa; 29.68 inHg) at 18:00 UTC.[8]

By September 1, the primary steering factor shifted to a strong subtropical ridge anchored well to the north. Moderate wind shear temporarily stunted development and displaced convection to the eastern side of the depression.[9] Pronounced banding features surrounded the circulation and the depression intensified to a tropical storm; the NHC accordingly assigned the system the name Florence.[10] Steady development marked the system's intensification. Satellite intensity estimates indicated Florence achieved maximum sustained winds of 60 mph (95 km/h) by 09:00 UTC on September 2.[11] Thereafter, shear and entrainment of dry air displaced convection from the surface low, leaving it exposed.[12] Considerable uncertainty in the forecast for Florence arose, as weather models began to depict various different solutions.[13] Fluctuations in organization and intensity continued through September 3.[14][15]

Development of a small central dense overcast and a mid-level eye feature signified that Florence achieved hurricane strength early on September 4, roughly 1,240 miles (2,000 km) west-northwest of the Cape Verde islands.[16][17] Unexpectedly the system rapidly organized within a small area of low wind shear in an otherwise adverse upper-level environment. Florence's small size enabled it take advantage of this localized area.[18] The hurricane's core structure, eye, and outer banding improved markedly, catching forecasters off-guard and intensifying beyond model outputs.[19] In stark contrast to model guidance, Florence continued to intensify and attained major hurricane status at 12:35 UTC on September 5.[20][21] Sustained winds rose to 130 mph (215 km/h) and its pressure fell to 953 mbar (hPa; 28.14 inHg)—this ranked it as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Situated at 22°42′N 46°36′W / 22.7°N 46.6°W / 22.7; -46.6 (Hurricane Florence Category 4),[22] Florence became the northernmost Category 4 hurricane east of 50°W ever to be recorded.[23]

Time-lapse video of the NOAA Hurricane Hunters flying through the eye of Hurricane Florence on September 11, 2018

The hurricane's unforeseen intensification caused it to track farther north, out of the localized low shear.[24] Persistent shear finally took its toll on Florence on September 6 through September 7, causing convection to become asymmetrical and tilting the storm's core southwest to northeast.[25][26] Rapid degradation of Florence's structure occurred by the early hours of September 7. The storm's low-level circulation became exposed as its convection became displaced to the northeast, and the previously well-defined eye dissipated. Scatterometer data revealed the system weakened to tropical storm intensity by 03:00 UTC. Meteorologist Robbie Berg described the intensity forecasts for Florence as a "self-defeating prophecy" owing to the "nuances of the environmental shear".[24][27] A building mid-level ridge halted Florence's northward movement, leading to a westward turn.[24][27] Weather models became increasingly consistent on the storm's future track, leading to greater confidence in a major impact to the Southeastern United States.[28] This trajectory proved climatologically unusual, with United States hurricane impacts primarily originating farther south and west than Florence.[29]

Hurricane Florence on September 13, 2018 as seen from the International Space Station

Environmental conditions became increasingly conducive to reorganization on September 8 as NOAA Hurricane Hunters began reconnaissance of the cyclone.[30] Convective banding blossomed around the storm and a formative eye appeared on satellite imagery.[31] The storm's central dense overcast became more defined, and a complete eyewall developed within its core. Florence reattained hurricane-status by 15:00 UTC on September 9, with the Hurricane Hunters observing 76 mph (122 km/h) sustained winds at the surface.[32] Fueled by sea surface temperatures of 84 to 85 °F (29 to 29.5 °C), Florence rapidly intensified overnight. Convective bursts with frequent lightning surrounded the eyewall,[33] giving rise to a well-defined 12 mi (19 km) wide eye. Expanding outflow ventilated the cyclone, enabling continued growth.[34] The system rapidly re-achieved Category 4 intensity by 16:00 UTC on September 10, with reconnaissance aircraft recording surface winds near 130 mph (215 km/h) and a central pressure of 946 mbar (hPa; 27.93 inHg).[35] Hurricane Florence achieved its peak intensity late on September 10, with 1-minute sustained winds of 140 mph (220 km/h) and a minimum central pressure of 939 mbar (hPa; 27.73 inHg).[36] The extent of hurricane-force winds doubled in size and well-defined mesovortices rotated along the inner eyewall.[37] Slight weakening ensued thereafter as an eyewall replacement cycle started; convection surrounding the eyewall became ragged and the eye itself filled.[38][39] This process completed on the following day, with the newly formed eye spanning 35 mi (55 km) across. Extensive outflow became established over the cyclone, extending northwest and east, providing ample ventilation and deformation which enabled Florence to continue expanding.[40] The future track of the hurricane became increasingly complex as it approached the Carolinas. A strengthening trough moving inland over the Pacific Northwest amplified ridging over the Northeastern United States and western Atlantic Ocean, steering Florence to the west-northwest. A collapse of steering currents was anticipated around the time of landfall on September 14, which would result in the hurricane meandering near the coast or just inland for a prolonged period of time.[41]

Fluctuations in the organization of Florence continued through the remainder of September 11 into September 12.[42] Increasing wind shear caused the inner structure to degrade, and the system degraded to Category 3 status by 18:00 UTC.[43] Continued weakening occurred and Florence later fell below major hurricane intensity later that night. The weakening pace slowed as the satellite presentation improved somewhat on September 13, with an eye attempting to emerge again. The hurricane's motion slowed significantly and it began to turn northwest towards the Carolina border. At 11:15 UTC (7:15 a.m. EDT) on September 14, Florence made landfall just south of Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane, with sustained winds of 90 mph (150 km/h) and a central pressure of 958 mbar (28.3 inHg).[44] Although the hurricane began a weakening trend after making landfall, the forward speed decreased, causing Florence to move very slowly west to southwestward as it produced torrential rainfall over the Carolinas. Late on September 14, Florence weakened to a tropical storm over extreme southeastern North Carolina.[45] Florence continued weakening while dropping heavy rain, and weakened into a tropical depression by 09:00 UTC on September 16, while located over South Carolina. By this point, Florence had also begun to gradually accelerate westward.[46] At that time, the NHC issued its final advisory on Florence, transferring responsibility to the Weather Prediction Center (WPC).[47] On September 17, Florence slowly turned to the northeast, while continuing to weaken. Late on the same day, Florence weakened into a remnant low, while situated over West Virginia.[48] On September 18, the remnants of Florence emerged off the New England coast,[49] before being absorbed into a frontal system over the North Atlantic, on September 19.[50]

Preparations

Cape Verde and Bermuda

Upon the designation of Potential Tropical Cyclone Six on August 30, the government of Cape Verde issued tropical storm warnings for the islands of Brava, Fogo, and Santiago.[51] Domestic airlines cancelled 20 flights on August 31 and September 1; maritime travel was also suspended for this period.[52] Mariners were advised to remain cautious of large swells around the islands, potentially reaching 9.8 to 16.4 ft (3 to 5 m).[53] Under the threat of damaging waves, the Autoridade Nacional de Proteção Civil evacuated 125 people, primarily elderly, from Furna and Rincão.[54] Eleven military personnel were deployed to Rincão to assist in evacuations and preparations.[55] Tropical storm warnings were discontinued on September 1, as the system progressed westward and no longer posed a threat to the archipelago.[56]

In anticipation of adverse conditions, Norwegian Cruise Lines and Oceania Cruises adjusted itineraries for Norwegian Escape, Norwegian Dawn, and Sirena to avoid crossing the hurricane's path and not dock in Bermuda.[57]

United States

President Donald Trump holding a briefing in the Oval Office in advance of Hurricane Florence

As forecast models indicated an increasing threat to the Southeastern United States, North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper declared a state of emergency on September 7. Transportation rules for farmers were waived to enable faster harvesting.[58] President Donald Trump declared an emergency in North Carolina, granting the state access to federal funds.[59] An overnight curfew was established for Lumberton for the duration of the hurricane.[60]

South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster followed suit on the next day.[61] The South Carolina Emergency Management Division (SCEMD) and Harvest Hope Food Bank began mobilizing resources for potential recovery efforts.[62] The SCEMD raised operation conditions to level 3 on September 9, and began preparations for the "possibility of a large-scale disaster", with forecasts showing Florence striking the state as a major hurricane.[63] Local officials established overnight curfews for the cities of Aynor, Conway, Dillon, Myrtle Beach, and Surfside Beach to limit the number of people on the roads and enable effective emergency responses. The entirety of Horry and Marion counties also fell under curfews.[60][64][65]

On September 8, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam also declared a state of emergency.[66] On September 10, Maryland Governor Larry Hogan declared a state of emergency for the entire state, with the potential of "historic, catastrophic and life-threatening flooding in Maryland".[67] On September 11, Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser declared a state of emergency for the entire District of Columbia due to the "imminent threats on the people of D.C., including threats to health, safety and welfare" caused by Florence.[68][69] On September 12, Georgia Governor Nathan Deal issued a state of emergency for the entire state.[70]

Evacuation and closures

'Red Cross Shelter Serves Florence Evacuees' - News report published by Voice of America on September 14, 2018
"They haven't seen anything like what's coming at us in 25, 30 years, maybe ever. It's tremendously big and tremendously wet."

President Donald Trump, September 11, 2018, White House press briefing

Mandatory evacuation orders for residents and tourists on Hatteras Island in Dare County began on September 10, with orders expanding to the rest of the county the following day.[71] Evacuations along the rest of the Outer Banks and in Brunswick County went in effect on September 11.[72] On September 10, Governor Henry McMaster ordered evacuations for the entire coastline of South Carolina,[73] constituting roughly 1 million people.[74] On September 10, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam ordered mandatory evacuations for low-lying coastal areas in the Hampton Roads and Eastern Shore regions effective September 11, constituting 245,000 people.[75] The US Navy has moved 30 ships stationed off the coast of Virginia farther out to sea, to protect the ships and the coast line.[76]

In North Carolina, mandatory evacuations were issued on September 11 for Brunswick County, Carteret County, Craven County, Onslow County, Pamlico County, Tyrrell County, North Topsail Beach, Emerald Isle, Ocracoke Island, Atlantic Beach, Indian Beach, Kure Beach, Pine Knoll Shores, and Wrightsville Beach. A mandatory evacuation for visitors and tourists was issued on September 11 for Holden Beach, Oak Island, and Currituck. Voluntary evacuations were issued for [[Bertie County, North Carolina|Bertie County], Beaufort County and Surf City.[77] A voluntary evacuation was also issued for New Hanover County on September 10, including Wilmington, NC.[78]

The University of North Carolina at Wilmington issued a mandatory evacuation effective on September 10.[79] All students were evacuated by noon on September 11. The university collaborated with the University of North Carolina at Asheville to house students who had no options for safe shelter.[80] College football games scheduled at North Carolina State University,[81] East Carolina University, Wake Forest University, Appalachian State University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of South Carolina were cancelled as a result of the storm.[82][83][84] Several universities in North Carolina have announced closings in preparation for the hurricane.[85][86][87]

In South Carolina, in 26 eastern counties, public schools were closed until further notice beginning on September 10. State offices in these counties were also ordered closed, while county-level officials could decide when to close their offices.[88]

Atlanta Motor Speedway, Bristol Motor Speedway, Charlotte Motor Speedway and Talladega Superspeedway opened their campgrounds to evacuees of Hurricane Florence free of charge.[89][90][91] In West Virginia, Governor Jim Justice ordered for construction along northbound Interstate 77 (West Virginia Turnpike) between the Virginia border in Mercer County and Charleston to be suspended in order to improve traffic flow for evacuees. In addition, West Virginia state parks will offer reduced rates for rooms, cabins, and campsites until September 18 in order to provide assistance to evacuees.[92]

Impact

Cape Verde and Bermuda

Disruptive rainfall and strong winds affected Brava, Fogo, and Santiago in Cape Verde, causing some landslides and localized flooding. Impacts from the storm were otherwise minimal, with no material damage reported.[52]

Large swells and rip currents from the storm reached Bermuda on September 7.[93]

United States

Pre-landfall

Large swells on Maryland coast on September 9

Large swells ahead of the hurricane reached Assateague State Park, Maryland, by September 9, prompting the Maryland Department of Natural Resources to close beach access indefinitely.[94] In Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, 27 people required lifeguard rescue between September 8 and 9.[95]

On September 13, New Bern, North Carolina, was inundated with storm surge around 6 feet (1.8 m). Water levels rose in the west side of the Pamlico Sound. A gauge in Oriental, North Carolina, recorded water height of about 5.5 feet (1.7 m) above normal on the Neuse River.[96] Employees at ABC affiliate WCTI-TV (which serves the surrounding market that includes Greenville and Jacksonville) were forced to evacuate its New Bern studio facility that evening due to the rising waters; WCTI station staff were asked to relocate to the studios of sister station WPDE in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina to continue coverage of the storm, with WCTI switching to a simulcast of WPDE's live coverage of the storm until its staff relocated to the WPDE facility.[97][98][99] Reports indicated that around 150 people were in need of rescue in New Bern because of the heavy flooding.[100]

Landfall

Hurricane Florence brought record breaking rainfall in Wilmington, NC
Radar image of Hurricane Florence a few hours before landfall on September 14

Florence made landfall in Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina on September 14, and by mid-morning rescuers had already evacuated more than 200 people from floodwaters, with about 150 more awaiting rescue. The storm had reportedly cut power to more than 500,000 customers in North and South Carolina by the time of landfall and caused the roof of a hotel in Jacksonville, North Carolina to collapse that morning.[101] On September 14, about 100 civilians, city workers, and National Guard worked to fill sandbags and protect Lumberton, North Carolina from an identified weak spot that caused massive flooding during Hurricane Matthew in 2016.[102]

Heavy rains continued to affect the Carolinas after landfall. By the morning of September 16, Wilmington had recorded more rain from Florence than any other single weather event in the city's history. Additionally, Florence contributed to the wettest year in Wilmington history, with annual rainfall totals eclipsing the previous record set in 1877.[103] A weather station in Swansboro, North Carolina, recorded 33.90 inches (861 mm) of rain, while another near Marion, South Carolina, measured 18.13 inches (461 mm), establishing new records for a tropical cyclone in both states.[104][105]

Statewide more than 1,500 primary and secondary roads closed due to flooding, including large sections of Interstates 40 and 95.[106][107]

The city of Wilmington (pop: 120,000) became entirely isolated, as all roads to the city flooded and were deemed impassable,[108] though one unidentified road was opened briefly on September 17.[109] The majority of residents remained without electricity, as of September 16. The city's airport and port were also closed.[108][110] Although cell phone service remained operational, excess demand strained networks. More than 450 people required rescue across Wilmington. Woody White, New Hanover County chairman of the board of commissioners, issued a statement advising all travelers to avoid the Wilmington area.[108] There was a report of looting and burglary at a Wilmington area Family Dollar, with the theft of non-essential items such as sports apparel and athletic shoes during the height of the storm.[111][112] The city-wide curfew issued in advance of the storm was extended because of these incidents.[108]

The Cape Fear River crested at 61.4 ft (18.7 m)—about 35 ft (11 m) above flood stage—near Fayetteville early on September 19. The magnitude of flooding greatly exceeded the levels observed due to Hurricane Matthew in 2016. The nearby Little River inundated large areas across Cumberland and Harnett counties. Overtopped bridges isolated communities and hampered relief efforts.[113]

Early on September 17, a tornado was confirmed in Elm City, North Carolina.[114]

Agriculture and environmental effects
5 day map accumulation with Florence over the Carolinas.

The large-scale flooding affected swaths of North Carolina's agricultural industry and proved particularly damaging to livestock. Through September 18, the North Carolina Department of Agriculture stated 3.4 million chickens and turkeys and 5,500 hogs died in flooded farms. Dozens of farms remained isolated with animals unable to be fed. Piles of manure stored at these farms were swept into swollen rivers,[115][116] about a dozen pits holding animal waste were damaged by the flooding and debris.[117]

On September 16, approximately 5 million gallons of partially treated wastewater spilled into the Cape Fear River after a treatment plant lost power.[115] An estimated 2,000 yd3 (1,530 m3) of coal ash from the closed Sutton Power Station near Wilmington was also swept into the river. Torrential rains from the storm itself, estimated at 30 in (760 mm), also caused a swamp to spill into the cooling pond.[118] On September 19, the H.F. Lee Energy Complex in Goldsboro flooded to the point where their three ponds were completely underwater and began releasing coal ash into the Neuse River.[119]

Domestic and zoo animals

During and after the storm made landfall, local rescuers and nationwide donors and organizations worked to aid the many pets that had been left by their owners, or alongside their owners.[120][121] Others drove to South and North Carolina in order to evacuate animals and bring them outside of the hurricanes impact zone while shelters in other states accepted animals from the states.[122] Many rescuers were looking for local residents in need of assistance or evacuation aid, and discovered animals in flooding cages, attempting to seek shelter or become standed on porches.[123]

Zoo animals such as those from the Virginia Zoo, were sheltered within indoor and sheltered portions of their enclosures.[124] Other zoos such as the North Carolina Zoo were lightly impacted from the storm and opened on September 18, and offered free admission for evacuees from September 18 to 21.[125]

Human deaths

Deaths by U.S. state
State Deaths
Direct Indirect Total
Florida 2 0 2
North Carolina 16 11 27[126]
South Carolina 4 5 9
Virginia 2 0 2
Total 24 16 40

Rip currents and rough seas in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, caused 13 rescues; one victim died at a hospital and two others had impact injuries.[127] One man drowned on September 11, at Florida's Playalinda Beach, while trying to rescue a 10-year-old boy caught in a rip current.[128] One child drowned in Green Swamp near Sumter, South Carolina, after water released from the Second Mill Pond flowed into the river.[129]

Two people in North Carolina died while trying to evacuate: one in Columbus County and Wayne County.[130][131] In Wilmington, a mother and her baby were killed when a tree landed on their house. In Hampstead, a woman died of a heart attack; downed trees on roads kept first-responders from reaching her. A person was killed in Lenoir County while plugging in a generator in the wet conditions.[132] A house fire in Fayetteville killed a husband and wife. Freshwater flooding killed at least seven people: one in Anson County, four Duplin County, and two in Scotland County.[131][133] One man was killed in Kinston by strong winds while checking on his hunting dogs.[134] A three-month-old baby died in Gaston County when a tree crushed a mobile home.[130] In Union County, a woman drove around a barrier into a flooded road and her vehicle was swept away. Rescuers saved the mother; but her one-year-old baby drowned.[135] An 18-wheeler hydroplaned off Interstate 85 near Kings Mountain and crashed into a tree; the vehicle tore in half, killing the driver.[136] Two other accidents each killed one person: an old man died of oxygen loss related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease during a power outage, and a person collapsed and died in Sampson County while helping an evacuee.[131] One person drowned in the swelling Cape Fear River near Cedar Creek after refusing evacuation orders.[137]

Three deaths originally attributed to the hurricane were later considered unrelated. One woman died of unknown causes in a shelter, and two people found dead on Harkers Island were deemed victims of a murder-suicide.[130][138]

Two people died of carbon monoxide poisoning in Loris, South Carolina. A vehicle with three occupants lost control on a flooded road in Georgetown County; one passenger died, while the driver and other passenger escaped. A woman died when her vehicle crashed into a downed tree near Union.[133] A vehicle lost control along Interstate 20 near Columbia and crashed into a bridge support, killing the driver. Another fatal accident occurred near Columbia, when a woman drove into a flooded road and crashed into a tree.[139] On September 18, a van transporting two mental health patients from Horry County to Darlington. The vehicle was swept away by swift-moving water along U.S. Route 76—the swollen Little Pee Dee River was 0.5 mi (0.80 km) from this location.[140] The two deputies in the van managed to escape and survived;[141] however, the two women in back were shackled, and the deputies were unable to free them before the van was overcome with water.[142]

On September 17, a tornado in Chesterfield County, Virginia, killed one person.[143][144] Another person died when his vehicle was swept away along a flooded road in Louisa.[145]

Aftermath

On September 19, while the rain had stopped, a majority of evacuees were urged by officials to stay away from their homes as the rivers continued to rise; the potential threat of floods remained high, roads remained closed, and thousands lacked power to their homes.[146] In the aftermath of the storm, over 40,000 workers from across the U.S. and Canada went to the Carolinas to help restore power, according to the Edison Electric Institute.[147]

Political statements

President Donald Trump visited North and South Carolina on September 19 and spoke to emergency workers in an airplane hangar at the Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point.[148]

Investigation

The deaths of two women who being transported to a mental health facility led to an opening of an investigation, which is being conducted by the State Law Enforcement Division and Highway Patrol. The deputies involved were placed on administrative leave.[149]

See also

References

  1. ^ Domm, Patti (17 September 2018). "Hurricane Florence damage estimated at $17 billion to $22 billion and could go higher — Moody's Analytics". CNBC. CNBC. Retrieved 18 September 2018. 
  2. ^ Robbie Berg (August 28, 2018). Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  3. ^ Lixion Avila (August 29, 2018). Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  4. ^ Lixion Avila (August 30, 2018). Tropical Weather Outlook (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  5. ^ Lixion Avila (August 30, 2018). Potential Tropical Cyclone Six Discussion Number 2 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  6. ^ Lixion Avila (August 30, 2018). Potential Tropical Cyclone Six Discussion Number 1 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  7. ^ Robbie Berg (August 31, 2018). Potential Tropical Cyclone Six Discussion Number 4 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  8. ^ Lixion Avila (August 31, 2018). Tropical Depression Six Discussion Number 6 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  9. ^ Jack Beven (September 1, 2018). Tropical Depression Six Discussion Number 7 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  10. ^ Robbie Berg (September 1, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 8 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  11. ^ David Zelinsky (September 2, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 12 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  12. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 2, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 13 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  13. ^ Michael Brennan (September 2, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 14 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  14. ^ David Zelinsky (September 3, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 16 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  15. ^ Michael Brennan (September 3, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Discussion Number 17 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  16. ^ Robbie Berg (September 4, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 21 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  17. ^ Robbie Berg (September 4, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 21 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  18. ^ Robbie Berg and Jamie Rhome (September 5, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 25 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  19. ^ Dave Roberts (September 5, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 24 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  20. ^ Robbie Berg and Jamie Rhome (September 5, 2018). Hurricane Florence Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  21. ^ Robbie Berg and Jamie Rhome (September 5, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 26 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  22. ^ Robbie Berg and Jamie Rhome (September 5, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 26 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  23. ^ Sam Lillo [@splillo] (September 5, 2018). "Intensity at 18z has been increased to 115kt -- #Florence is officially a category 4 hurricane. At 22.4N / 46.2W, this also makes #Florence the furthest north category 4 hurricane east of 50W ever recorded in the Atlantic" (Tweet). Retrieved September 9, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  24. ^ a b c Robbie Berg (September 6, 2018). Tropical storm Florence Advisory Number 29 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  25. ^ Eric Blake (September 6, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 27 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  26. ^ David Zelinsky (September 6, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 28 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  27. ^ a b Eric Blake (September 7, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Advisory Number 31 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  28. ^ Robbie Berg (September 7, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Advisory Number 33 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  29. ^ Michael Lowry [@MichaelRLowry] (September 7, 2018). "For historical perspective, most landfalling U.S. hurricanes have tracked much farther south and west of #Florence's current position." (Tweet). Retrieved September 9, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  30. ^ Robbie Berg (September 8, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Advisory Number 38 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  31. ^ Lixion Avila (September 9, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Advisory Number 39 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  32. ^ Eric Blake (September 9, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 41 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  33. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 10, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 43 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  34. ^ Eric Blake (September 10, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 44 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  35. ^ Eric Blake (September 10, 2018). Hurricane Florence Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  36. ^ Eric Blake (September 10, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 46 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  37. ^ Eric Blake (September 10, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 46 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  38. ^ Jack Beven (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 47 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  39. ^ Daniel Brown (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 48 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  40. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 49 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  41. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 50 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  42. ^ Richard Pasch (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Discussion Number 51 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  43. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 11, 2018). Hurricane Florence Intermediate Advisory Number 53A (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  44. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 14, 2018) [08:00 EDT, 12:00 UTC]. Hurricane Florence Intermediate Advisory Number 60A (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 15, 2018. 
  45. ^ Stacy R. Stewart (September 14, 2018). "Tropical Storm Florence Advisory Number 62". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 15, 2018. 
  46. ^ Richard Pasch (September 16, 2018). "Tropical Depression Florence Advisory Number 63". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2018. 
  47. ^ Richard Pasch (September 16, 2018). "Tropical Depression Florence Discussion Number 68". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2018. 
  48. ^ David Roth (September 17, 2018). "Post-Tropical Cyclone Florence Advisory Number 74". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  49. ^ "WPC Surface Analysis for 09/18/2018 at 21 UTC". Weather Prediction Center. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  50. ^ "WPC Surface Analysis for 09/19/2018 at 12 UTC". Weather Prediction Center. September 19, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  51. ^ Lixion Avila (August 30, 2018). Potential Tropical Cyclone Six Advisory Number 1 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  52. ^ a b "Passagem de depressão tropical em Cabo Verde leva ao cancelamento de 20 voos domésticos". Observador (in Portuguese). Agência Lusa. September 2, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  53. ^ "Depressão tropical afasta-se de Cabo Verde". Expresso das Ilhas (in Portuguese). September 1, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  54. ^ "Depressão Tropical em Cabo Verde: Famílias de Rincão e Furna Acima transferidas após alerta da protecção civil". A Semana (in Portuguese). September 1, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  55. ^ "Depressão Tropical chega com vento e chuva a Cabo Verde: País continua em estado de alerta e com Rincão como zona de risco". A Semana (in Portuguese). August 31, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  56. ^ Lixion Avila (September 1, 2018). Tropical Storm Florence Intermediate Advisory 8A (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  57. ^ Adam Leposa (September 7, 2018). "Cruise Lines Cancel Bermuda Calls Due to Florence". Travel Agent Central. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  58. ^ "The Latest: Storm prompts North Carolina State of Emergency". Daily Progress. Associated Press. September 7, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  59. ^ Jason Hanna; Kaylee Hartung; Steve Almasy. "Hurricane Florence strengthens as 1 million people are told to flee US East Coast". CNN. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  60. ^ a b Kirby Hood (September 12, 2018). "Curfews in effect for several counties ahead of Hurricane Florence". WPDE. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  61. ^ Daniel J. Gross (September 8, 2018). "Hurricane Florence: SC declares state of emergency, 'preparing for the worst'". The Greenville News. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  62. ^ Alondra De La Rosa and Angela Rogers (September 7, 2018). "Local agencies preparing for Florence and potential emergency". ABC Colombia. Retrieved September 8, 2018. 
  63. ^ Teddy Kulmala (September 9, 2018). "SC preps for 'possibility of a large-scale disaster' as Florence grows into hurricane". The State. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  64. ^ Jessica Minch (September 12, 2018). "City of Conway to enact curfew during Hurricane Florence". WBTW. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  65. ^ Jessica Minch (September 12, 2018). "City of Myrtle Beach extends curfew to Thursday night ahead of Hurricane Florence". WBTW. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  66. ^ Martin Weil (September 8, 2018). "State of emergency declared in Virginia in advance of Hurricane". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  67. ^ "Maryland Declares State Of Emergency Ahead Of Hurricane Florence". CBS Baltimore. September 10, 2018. 
  68. ^ "Mayor Bowser Declares State of Emergency Ahead of Hurricane Florence". mayor.dc.gov. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  69. ^ Ariellle Buckman (September 11, 2018). "Mayor Bowser declares state of emergency in DC ahead of Hurricane Florence". wusa9.com. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  70. ^ "Gov. Deal issues State of Emergency for Georgia ahead of Hurricane Florence". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  71. ^ "Mandatory evacuation ordered for Dare County ahead of Florence impacts". WKTR. September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  72. ^ "Hurricane Florence Preparations Underway: Outer Banks Evacuations Officially Underway". The Weather Channel. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  73. ^ Sean Breslin (September 10, 2018). "South Carolina Prepares for Hurricane Florence: Gov. McMaster Orders Entire Coastline to Evacuate". The Weather Channel. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  74. ^ Ciara Nugent (September 10, 2018). "1 Million People Ordered to Evacuate South Carolina Coast as Hurricane Florence Gathers Strength". Time. Archived from the original on September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  75. ^ "Virginia Governor Orders Mandatory Evacuation for Some of Virginia, Including Parts of the Eastern Shore". Salisbury, MD: WBOC-TV. September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  76. ^ "US 'monster' hurricane set to strengthen". BBC News. 2018-09-11. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  77. ^ "Mandatory evacuations issued ahead of Hurricane Florence". WTVD-TV. September 11, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  78. ^ "Evacuations Recommended, County Shelter to Open". New Hanover County. September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  79. ^ "UNC-Wilmington issues mandatory evacuation order beginning Monday". WSOC-TV. September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  80. ^ "UNCW issues mandatory evacuation for students". WWAY News. September 10, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018. /
  81. ^ "NC State vs. West Virginia Football Game Will Not Be Played This Weekend". NC State Athletics. North Carolina State University. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  82. ^ Adelson, Andrea (September 11, 2018). "UNC-UCF, WVU-NC State, ECU-Va. Tech games called off". ESPN. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  83. ^ "App State-Southern Miss Football Game Will Not Be Played Saturday". September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  84. ^ Kendall, Josh; Breiner, Ben (September 12, 2018). "South Carolina-Marshall football game canceled". The State. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  85. ^ Newsom, John. "As Florence approaches, most Greensboro — and N.C. — colleges will close". Greensboro News & Record. 
  86. ^ "Closings this week at UNC-Greensboro, High Point University". Fox 8. September 11, 2018. 
  87. ^ "UNC, NC State, ECU games called off for the weekend; classes canceled". ABC 11. September 10, 2018. 
  88. ^ Emily Bohatch (September 10, 2018). "McMaster orders schools across SC to close Tuesday as Florence approaches". The State. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  89. ^ "Charlotte Motor Speedway, Atlanta Motor Speedway open campgrounds to Florence evacuees". Norfolk, VA: WVEC-TV. September 11, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  90. ^ Staff (September 11, 2018). "Bristol Motor Speedway opens campground for Hurricane Florence evacuees". Knoxville, TN: WBIR-TV. Retrieved September 11, 2018. 
  91. ^ Gardner, Steve (September 12, 2018). "Talladega Superspeedway offers shelter for Hurricane Florence evacuees". USA Today. Retrieved September 15, 2018. 
  92. ^ Jenkins, Jeff (September 12, 2018). "Justice suspends Turnpike work, lowers state park prices as part of Florence response". The Dominion Post. Morgantown, WV. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  93. ^ Robbie Berg (September 7, 2018). Hurricane Florence Advisory Number 34 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  94. ^ Mary Carole McCauley and Scott Dance (September 9, 2018). "Florence regains hurricane force, forecast to hit Southeast coast as a major storm". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 9, 2018. 
  95. ^ "Over 2 dozen rip current rescues at Wrightsville Beach this weekend as Hurricane Florence approaches". WNCN. September 9, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  96. ^ weather.com (September 13, 2018). "Hurricane Florence Strengthens Again; Storm Surge, Catastrophic Flash Flooding, High Winds to Hammer the Carolinas, Appalachia". weather.com. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  97. ^ Drew MacFarlane (September 13, 2018). "North Carolina Meteorologists Forced Off-Air During Broadcast By Florence Flooding". The Weather Channel. Entertainment Studios/The Weather Company. Retrieved September 14, 2018. 
  98. ^ Jason O. Boyd (September 14, 2018). "Statement from WCTI General Manager Matt Bowman". WCTI-TV. 
  99. ^ Stephanie Tsoflias Siegel (September 14, 2018). "Hurricane Florence Forces WCTI Meteorologists to Evacuate During Broadcast". TVSpy. Beringer Capital. 
  100. ^ Jason O. Boyd (September 14, 2018). "Around 150 people in need of rescue in N. Carolina City". WCTI-TV. 
  101. ^ Faith Karimi; Tina Burnside; Jason Hanna. "Hurricane Florence makes landfall in North Carolina, with plenty of destruction and suffering ahead". CNN. Retrieved 2018-09-14. 
  102. ^ CNN, Amir Vera, Cassie Spodak and Jeremy Harlan,. "Over 100 volunteers unite to prevent flooding in North Carolina community". CNN. Retrieved 2018-09-20. 
  103. ^ National Weather Service Wilmington, North Carolina Weather Forecast Office (September 16, 2018). "NOUS42 KILM 161405". National Weather Service Raw Text Product. Wilmington, North Carolina: Iowa State University. Retrieved September 16, 2018. 
  104. ^ NWS Eastern Region [@NWSEastern] (September 16, 2018). "Updated preliminary rainfall totals across North and South Carolina from Hurricane Florence received as of 2 p.m. EDT, on Sunday, September 16. Heavy rain continues to fall across central and western portions of North Carolina and Virginia." (Tweet). Retrieved September 17, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  105. ^ NWS WPC [@NWSWPC] (September 16, 2018). "NWSWilmingtonNC confirmed a recent ob at Marion 3 E, SC was reasonable. This sets a tropical cyclone rainfall record for SC (preliminarily). Attached are the new graphic and one from the wettest known system in SC history - an extratropical cyclone from Oct 2015 NW of Joaquin" (Tweet). Retrieved September 17, 2018 – via Twitter. 
  106. ^ "River or road? Amazing images show I-40 completely flooded". CBS17. Reuters. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  107. ^ "NC road closures and reopenings: I-40, I-95 affected by Florence". WTVD. September 19, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  108. ^ a b c d Patricia Sullivan and Katie Zezima (September 16, 2018). "Florence has made Wilmington, N.C., an island cut off from the rest of the world". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  109. ^ "Emergency crews throw supply lifeline to isolated Wilmington". Townhall. Associated Press. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  110. ^ "Storm Florence: Heavy flooding cuts off Wilmington". BBC. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  111. ^ Staff (September 16, 2018). "Looting at Family Dollar store in Wilmington". wavy.com. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  112. ^ Staff (September 15, 2018). "Looters raid Wilmington Family Dollar". wral.com. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  113. ^ Cullen Browder and Gilbert Baez (September 19, 2018). "The Cape Fear River crested overnight in Fayetteville at 61.4 feet". WRAL. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  114. ^ Gallagher, Ron (September 17, 2018). "Tornado confirmed near Elm City; some damage reported". News & Observer. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  115. ^ a b Michael Biesecker (September 19, 2018). "Florence flooding kills 3.4 million poultry, 5,500 hogs, NC officials say". WTVD. Associated Press. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  116. ^ Matthew Diebel (September 20, 2018). "A disgusting side effect of Florence: Escaped pig poop. Lots of it". usatoday.com. USA Today. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  117. ^ "Florence update: 'nightmare that won't end,' evacuees can't return yet". Newsweek. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2018-09-20. 
  118. ^ Michael Biesecker (September 16, 2018). "Rains from Florence cause collapse at NC coal ash landfill". The Oakland Press. Associated Press. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  119. ^ Will Duran (September 20, 2018). "Duke Energy confirms new coal ash spill in North Carolina". heraldsun. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  120. ^ "Video Shows Animals Stranded by Florence Getting Rescued". Time. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  121. ^ Taylor, Alan. "Photos: Pet Rescues in the Wake of Hurricane Florence". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  122. ^ "East Tennessee animal centers give shelter to dogs, cats displaced by Hurricane Florence". Knoxville News Sentinel. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  123. ^ "The animal rescuers of Florence: Dogs saved from submerged crate, pets shuttled away in bus". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  124. ^ News, A. B. C. (2018-09-11). "Lions, tigers and shelter pets will ride out Hurricane Florence in place". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  125. ^ WRAL. "N.C. Zoo reopens Tuesday, offers free admission to Florence evacuees :: WRAL.com". WRAL.com. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  126. ^ Staff (September 18, 2018). "Gov. Cooper: 26 dead in NC due to Florence, 1,100 roads closed, 10,000 in shelters". wncn.com. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  127. ^ Kelly Healey (September 10, 2018). "Man drowns while swimming in New Smyrna Beach amid rip current warning, officials say". WFTV. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  128. ^ Kevin Williams and Melonie Holt (September 12, 2018). "Hurricane Florence updates: Gas stations run dry in parts of South Carolina". WFTV. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  129. ^ Adrienne Sarvis (September 12, 2018). "9-year-old boy drowns at Pocalla Swamp". The Sumter Item. Retrieved September 13, 2018. 
  130. ^ a b c Bradford Betz (September 16, 2018). "Florence death toll at 17 after 3-month-old dies in North Carolina mobile home". Citizen Times. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  131. ^ a b c Mark Price and Noah Feit (September 17, 2018). "Florence death toll rises to 32, including 3 young children, Carolinas officials say". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  132. ^ Mark Price. "Five dead from Hurricane Florence, including mother and baby, say officials". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2018-09-15. 
  133. ^ a b "Florence death toll at 14, including 2 from carbon monoxide". WTOP. Associated Press. September 16, 2018. Retrieved September 16, 2018. 
  134. ^ "Hurricane Florence updates: 23 dead, including 17 dead in North Carolina". WLS-TV. September 17, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  135. ^ "1-year-old child becomes 19th victim of Florence, officials say". WYFF. Associated Press. September 16, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  136. ^ "2nd tornado touches down in Virginia". WHSV. Associated Press. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  137. ^ "Man drowns in trailer near Cape Fear River despite mandatory evacuation warning". WTVD. September 19, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  138. ^ Stancill, Jane; Bonner, Lynn; Grubb, Tammy (2018-09-15). "7 dead in NC as Florence, an 'uninvited brute,' brings heavy flooding and power outages". News & Observer. Retrieved 2018-09-15. 
  139. ^ Noah Feit; Brian Murphy; Mark Price; Matthew Martinez (September 16, 2018). "17 deaths in the Carolinas linked to Florence flooding, fallen trees and power outages". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  140. ^ Eliott C. McLaughlin and Amanda Watts (September 20, 2018). "2 women drown in back of police van swept away by Florence flooding". CNN. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  141. ^ Tim Smith (September 18, 2018). "Florence flood kills 2 mental health patients when Horry sheriff van is overcome: report". Greenville News. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  142. ^ Chris Francescani (September 19, 2018). "Sheriff's deputies transporting 2 mental health patients who drowned in flood waters put on leave, authorities say". ABC News. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  143. ^ Vernon Freeman Jr. and Jake Burns (September 17, 2018). "1 dead after tornado destroys Chesterfield building near Hull Street". WTVR. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  144. ^ Mark Price and Noah Feit (September 17, 2018). "Florence death toll rises to 32, including 3 young children, Carolinas officials say". charlotteobserver.com. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  145. ^ "Louisa man killed in flash flood; Chesterfield tornado victim died while helping co-workers escape". The Daily Progress. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  146. ^ CNN, Jay Croft, Faith Karimi and Steve Almasy,. "Rivers keep rising in Carolinas as Trump tours Florence 'nightmare' aftermath". CNN. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  147. ^ "Flood Fighters and Recovery Crews Roll in The Carolinas". Retrieved 2018-09-17. 
  148. ^ CNN, Kevin Liptak,. "Trump visits Hurricane Florence-ravaged Carolinas". CNN. Retrieved 2018-09-19. 
  149. ^ "Family outraged after women die in flooded van driven by South Carolina deputies". Retrieved 2018-09-20. 

External links