Hurricanes (rugby union)

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Hurricanes
Wellington Hurricanes logo.png
Union New Zealand Rugby Union
Nickname(s) The Hurricanes
Founded 1996
Location Wellington, New Zealand
Region East Coast
Hawke's Bay
Horowhenua Kapiti
Manawatu
Poverty Bay
Wairarapa-Bush
Wanganui
Wellington
Ground(s) Westpac Stadium (Capacity: 40,000)
Coach(es) Chris Boyd
Captain(s) Dane Coles
Most caps Ma'a Nonu &
Conrad Smith (126)
Top scorer Beauden Barrett (849)
League(s) Super Rugby
2016 Champions
1st (New Zealand Conference)
1st (Australasian Group)
1st (overall)
Team kit
2nd kit
Official website
hurricanes.co.nz

The Hurricanes (formerly known as the Wellington Hurricanes) are a New Zealand professional Rugby union team based in Wellington that competes in the Super Rugby competition composed of 18 teams from New Zealand, Argentina, Japan, Australia and South Africa. The team represents the East Coast, Hawke's Bay, Horowhenua Kapiti, Manawatu, Poverty Bay, Wairarapa-Bush, Wanganui and Wellington unions, and currently plays at Westpac Stadium, having previously played at the now-defunct Athletic Park.[1][2]

The Hurricanes were formed to represent the lower North Island with the conception of the Super 12 competition in 1996, which featured teams from New Zealand, South Africa and Australia. The Hurricanes had a poor first season, but rebounded in 1997 with a third placing. The team did not reach the play-offs for another five years as the team struggled in the bottom four of the table. Since 2003 the Hurricanes have made the post-season play-offs seven times out of the last fourteen seasons; including the 2006 final, which they lost in horrendously foggy weather against the Crusaders 19–12. After hosting, but failing to win the final in 2015, the 2016 season was the Hurricanes best season to date. They won the Super Rugby Final 20-3 against the Lions, after again finishing the regular season first and hosting the final.

History[edit]

Early years: 1996–97[edit]

The Hurricanes were formed in 1996 as one of five New Zealand Super 12 teams, and were originally called the "Wellington Hurricanes". The team's first coach was former All Black Frank Oliver while Bull Allen was named as captain. Their first match, played at Palmerston North Showgrounds against the Auckland Blues, was the first ever Super Rugby match. They lost it 36–28. The team performed below expectations in the inaugural year of the competition and finished ninth. In 1997 the team made the semi-finals, losing in Canberra to the ACT Brumbies. However the consistent form shown during this season would not be seen again for many years.

Expect the unexpected: 1998–2002[edit]

Following their 1997 season, the Hurricanes failed to qualify for the semi-finals until 2003. Despite this, they were still known for the attacking nature of their backline that included the All Blacks stars Tana Umaga and Christian Cullen. The team played with flair and could score at any moment, whatever their position on the field, giving rise to the teams catch cry of 'expect the unexpected'. However the team struggled for consistent performances and at crunch time in matches, leading to patchy form and results.

After the 1999 World Cup, Jonah Lomu's contract with the NZRU expired he was linked to many clubs around the world, in rugby league as well as union and also the NFL's Dallas Cowboys.[3] On 23 November 1999 it was announced that the winger had resigned from the NZRU and agreed terms with the Wellington Rugby Union, despite a reported a £1.1 million offer by Bristol.[3][4] The move to the Wellington union meant he could be included in the protected group of players for the Hurricanes.

The Hurricanes also opened 2000 with a new stadium. The highlights of that year included the victory over eventual champions the Crusaders, 41–29, in front of a packed house. At the end of the season the 'Canes still had a mathematical chance of making the semis and only had to beat the Bulls to stay in contention. However, the Hurricanes played one of their worst games of the year, losing the match to one of the worst performing teams at that point in the competition's history and lost the possibility of qualifying for the semi-finals. The team finished eighth on the table.

Despite the Wellington Lions (whom most of the Hurricanes squad were chosen from) winning the 2000 NPC,[5] the Hurricanes finished ninth in the final standings in 2001; one worse than the year before. Another ninth placing in 2002 resulted in Graham Mourie, who had led the team since 2000, resigning.[6]

New era: since 2003[edit]

The Hurricanes playing the Highlanders at Westpac Stadium in 2006

In spite of reports that Colin Cooper, the then Crusaders assistant-coach, had said he was "not yet ready to jump ship" and wanted to stay with the South Island franchise,[7] the Hurricanes were able to lure him away from the champions and made him their head coach for the 2003 season.

Cooper, along with newly appointed captain Tana Umaga, helped to mould the inconsistent and ill-disciplined Hurricanes into one of the top teams in the competition.[8] 2003 was the beginning of a new era for the Hurricanes as they reached the semi-finals for just the second time in their history on the back of a strong seven-game winning streak mid-season. Their success came partly with the break-out year for mid-fielder Ma'a Nonu, his strong performances and partnership with captain Tana Umaga pushed out former All Black Pita Alatini and saw him score six tries en route to the All Black squad. The team also benefited from the steady hand of David Holwell at first five-eighth and an improving and mobile forward pack. Hurricanes stalwart Christian Cullen would leave New Zealand shores for Irish club Munster after his omission from the All Blacks 2003 World Cup squad, despite scoring eight tries during the season.

All Black great Jonah Lomu was left out of the 2004 squad, due to a life-threatening illness that would eventually result in a kidney transplant. He would never again play for the Hurricanes.

The majority of the team was retained< for 2005.[9] including new centre Conrad Smith.[10] The Hurricanes came back in 2005 to the form that saw them make the playoffs two years prior. Former New Zealand Colt Flyhalf Jimmy Gopperth was the real "find" of the season, scoring 139 points, which helped offset the departure of David Holwell to Ireland. The Hurricanes had tried to sign Australian playmaker Brock James, who had starred the previous NPC season for Taranaki[11] and the Blues, and young star Luke McAlister indicated that he would like to play in Wellington.[12] With both Daniel Carter and Aaron Mauger at the Crusaders capable of playing first five-eighth the team also made an attempt to lure Andrew Mehrtens to Wellington, without success.

In 2006 two new teams entered the competition, the Bloemfontein-based Central Cheetahs from South Africa and the Perth-based Western Force from Australia, creating the Super 14. Rodney So'oialo was appointed captain of the Hurricanes to succeed former All Black captain Tana Umaga.[13] The team won all but four matches. They made their first Super Rugby final but lost to the Crusaders in a match played under thick fog. Following the match there was an incident in a nightclub involving Chris Masoe and Tana Umaga. The club finances benefitted from on-pitch success, with NZ$1.36 million profit on its 2006 turnover of NZ$7.44 million.

The Hurricanes returned to the semi-finals in both 2008 and 2009, however were unable to capture the same success in subsequent seasons.[14] 2011 saw the arrival of Mark Hammett as coach and the departure of Andrew Hore, Ma'a Nonu and Piri Weepu.

The Hurricanes finished 11th in the 2013 Super Rugby season.

2015 saw the Hurricanes finish first in the regular season, topping the table with 66 points and a win-loss record of 14–2 in round robin play. The Hurricanes picked up the New Zealand Conference trophy after beating the Highlanders. After beating the Brumbies in the semi-final, the Hurricanes lost the final against the Highlanders 21–14. It was the final Super Rugby match for Conrad Smith, Ma'a Nonu and Jeremy Thrush – all Hurricanes that have played over 100 caps.

On 8 December 2015, Rugby World Cup-winning hooker Dane Coles was named captain for the 2016 season. Rugby World Cup-winning halfback TJ Perenara was named as vice-captain.[15]

2016 was a big year for the Hurricanes finishing first overall on the points table, despite sitting in 7th going into the final round of the regular season. This saw them go into the quarter finals against the Sharks winning 41-0 at Westpac Stadium. They carried on to the semi finals playing the Chiefs and winning 25-9 at Westpac Stadium. The Hurricanes played the Lions in the final, winning the game 20-3 at Westpac Stadium. This was the first time in Super Rugby history that the Hurricanes won the title. It was Victor Vito's final and 100th game for the Hurricanes.

Honours[edit]

Super 12/14 (1996–2010)[edit]

  • Runners-up (1)

2006

  • Playoff Appearances (5)

1997, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009

Super Rugby (2011–present)[edit]

  • New Zealand Conference Champions (2)

2015, 2016

  • Championship Runners-up

2015

  • Championship Winners

2016

Franchise area[edit]

Hurricanes' catchment area.
Red Dot.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg
Dot-yellow.svg

The team represents the East Coast, Poverty Bay, Hawke's Bay, Wanganui, Manawatu, Wairarapa-Bush, Horowhenua-Kapiti and Wellington unions. In 2013, Taranaki severed its ties with the franchise, signing over its allegiance to the Chiefs.[16]

Grounds[edit]

The Hurricanes play the majority of their home matches at the 34,500 capacity Westpac Stadium on Wellington's waterfront. The stadium is affectionately known as The Cake-Tin in Wellington and throughout New Zealand due to its shape. It was opened in 2000 to replace Athletic Park, where the team had been previously based. Central Energy Trust Arena in Palmerston North and McLean Park in Napier have also played host to Hurricanes matches.

In the initial years of the competition the Hurricanes played once, or occasionally twice, away from their Wellington base depending on whether they had five or six games per year. Such a policy was welcomed given the large geographic area that the team was drawn from. However, in recent years the team has seldom ventured from Wellington, despite the expansion to 14 and now 15 teams meaning two additional games per year.

Palmerston North Wellington Napier
Central Energy Trust Arena Westpac Stadium McLean Park
Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 40,000 Capacity: 22,000
Fmgstadium.JPG Westpac Trust stadium viewed from Wadestown.jpg McLean Park, Napier.jpg

Ownership and Finances[edit]

In 2012, it was announced that a new company, Hurricanes' Investment Ltd Partnership, had purchased a license from the NZRU to operate the club.[17] Whilst the NZRU retains ownership of the team, as well as control of the contracts of the players and head coach, the licensee is responsible for overseeing day-to-day operations. Hurricanes' Investment Ltd Partnership is a joint venture between the Wellington Rugby Football Union and a consortium of private investors, led by noted economist and author Gareth Morgan.[18]

Development team[edit]

The Hurricanes have fielded a development team in competitions such as the Pacific Rugby Cup and in matches against other representative teams for several seasons. Known as the Hurricanes Development XV, the squad is selected from the best emerging rugby talent in the Hurricanes catchment area and is composed of Hurricanes contracted players, wider training group members, under 20s, and selected club players.[19]

Season-by-Season summary[edit]

C=Champions, R=Runners-up, S=Semi-final Appearance, Q=Qualifying-final Appearance
(Brackets Represent Finals Games)
Competition Games
Played
Games
Won
Games
Drawn
Games
Lost
Ladder
Position
C R S Q Coach Captain Details
1996 Super 12 season
11 3 0 8 9 / 12
Frank Oliver
Bull Allen
Wellington Hurricanes
1997 Super 12 season
11 (1) 6 (0) 0 (0) 5 (1) 3 / 12
1998 Super 12 season
11 5 0 6 8 / 12
1999 Super 12 season
11 4 1 6 10 / 12
Norm Hewitt
2000 Super 12 season
11 6 0 5 8 / 12
Graham Mourie
2001 Super 12 season
11 5 0 6 9 / 12
Gordon Slater
2002 Super 12 season
11 5 0 6 9 / 12
2003 Super 12 season
11 (1) 7 (0) 0 (0) 4 (1) 3 / 12
Colin Cooper
Tana Umaga
2004 Super 12 season
11 4 1 6 11 / 12
2005 Super 12 season
11 (1) 8 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1) 4 / 12
2006 Super 14 season
13 (2) 10 (1) 0 (0) 3 (1) 2 / 14
Rodney So'oialo
Hurricanes
2007 Super 14 season
13 6 0 7 8 / 14
2008 Super 14 season
13 (1) 8 (0) 1 (0) 4 (1) 4 / 14
2009 Super 14 season
13 (1) 9 (0) 0 (0) 4 (1) 3 / 14
2010 Super 14 season
13 7 1 5 8 / 14
Andrew Hore
2011 Super Rugby season
16 5 2 9 9 / 15
Mark Hammett
2012 Super Rugby season
16 10 0 6 8 / 15
Conrad Smith
2013 Super Rugby season
16 6 0 10 11 / 15
2014 Super Rugby season
16 8 0 8 7 / 15
2015 Super Rugby season
16 (2) 14 (1) 0 (0) 2 (1) 1 / 15
Chris Boyd
2016 Super Rugby season
15 (3) 11 (3) 0 (0) 4 (0) 1 / 18
Dane Coles

Current squad[edit]

For player movements before and during the 2017 season, see List of 2016–17 Super Rugby transfers § Hurricanes.

The squad for the 2017 Super Rugby season:[20]

Hurricanes Super Rugby squad

Props

Hookers

Locks

Loose forwards

Halfbacks (Scrum-halves)

First Five-Eighths (Fly-halves)

Midfielders (Centres)

Wings

Fullbacks

(c) Denotes team captain, Bold denotes internationally capped.

Current internationally capped players[edit]

Former Internationals[edit]

Coaches[edit]

Assistant Coaches[edit]

  • John Plumtree assistant coach (2015–)
  • Clark Laidlaw technical advisor (2015–)
  • Richard Watt technical advisor (2015–)

Captains[edit]

The above is a comprehensive list of Hurricanes captains. Official captains are named in the list as "Captain".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Locations – Westpac Stadium". Wotzon.com. Retrieved 20 April 2007. 
  2. ^ Amie Mills. "Cake Tin lacks a certain build-up to the game?". Victoria University of Wellington. Archived from the original on 3 March 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2007. 
  3. ^ a b "Chase on for All Black Lomu". bbc.co.uk. 6 November 1999. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  4. ^ "Lomu joins Hurricanes". bbc.co.uk. 23 November 1999. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  5. ^ "NPC Magic-Season Review 2000". haka.co.nz. 
  6. ^ "Mourie quits Hurricanes". bbc.co.uk. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  7. ^ "No Tuf-Of-War over Cooper says NZRFU". rugby.com.au. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  8. ^ "Hurricanes ride high in rankings". thefanatics.com. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  9. ^ "Consistency of Selection in Hurricanes Squad". allblacks.com. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  10. ^ "Season Stats 2005". hurricanes.co.nz. Archived from the original on 7 October 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  11. ^ "Brock James knocked back from Hurricanes". rugby.com.au. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  12. ^ "McAlister wants to be a Hurricane". allblacks.com. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  13. ^ "New Hurricanes Captain". hurricanes.co.nz. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  14. ^ http://www.hurricanes.co.nz/team/history-hurricanes
  15. ^ "Coles, Perenara to lead 'Canes in 2016 | The Official Website of the 2014 Investec Super Rugby Hurricanes". hurricanes.co.nz. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  16. ^ Canes hopeful of tempting Taranaki's finest
  17. ^ "Hurricanes-sold-to-private-investors". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "http://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/sport/7938920/Who-are-the-new-Hurricanes-owners". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  External link in |title= (help)
  19. ^ "Rugby: Pacific Rugby Cup to feature NZ sides". NZ Herald. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. 
  20. ^ "Seven new Hurricanes in 2017 squad" (Press release). Hurricanes. 2 November 2016. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
New Zealand Highlanders
Super Rugby Champions
2016 (First title)
Succeeded by
to be confirmed