Husnlal Bhagatram

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Husanlal Bhagatram were one of the earliest music directors in Bollywood. The team consisted of Husanlal (1910–1968) and Bhagatram (1916–1973). They were popular composers in the 1940s and 1950s.[1] It is said that the concept of a duo of music directors began with them. They composed for Bollywood in the era of Naushad, Anil Biswas and C. Ramachandra. They trained famous music directors Shankar (of Shankar Jaikishan), Khayyam and the singer, Mahendra Kapoor.[1]

Background[edit]

The duo were born in Village Kahma, Jalandhar district, Punjab.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Husan Lal & Bhagatram became the first music director who worked as a pair. They got their first break in the film 'Chand' in 1944. They gave their first hit with 'Do dilon ko yeh duniya milne bhi nahin deti..' sung by Manju.

Bhagatram was an ace harmonium player and Husanlal was an accomplished violinist and a good classical singer. They were the brothers of the famous composer of the 40's, Pandit Amarnath, and both worked as his assistants.

In 1944, the duo got their first break in the film Chand. The song, 'Do Dilon Ko Yeh Duniya' sung by Manju, was their very first hit. Husanlal - Bhagatram popularised Punjabi folk music, and featured its lilt and rhythm in their music compositions. In the late 1940s, they became the most celebrated composers with the success of films like Pyar Ki Jeet and Badi Bahen.

Their song, 'Ek Dil Ke Tukde Hazaar Huye' (Pyar Ki Jeet) sung by Mohammed Rafi brought in a new era of sad songs. They took a lot of pains to make sure this song was an instant hit. They also composed the famous song "Suno Suno Ai Duniya Walo, Bapu Ki Yeh Amar Kahani", sung by Rafi.

They worked with highly acclaimed lyricists like Shewan Rizvi, Aarzu Lucknavi, Brajendra Gaud, Kaif Irfani, Sarshar Sailani, Nakshab Jarachavi, Qamar Jalalabadi, Asad Bhopali, Rajendra Krishan and Mulk Raj Bhakri. Besides Rafi, Husnlal - Bhagatram worked with famous playback singers like Ameerbai Karnataki, Suraiyya, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambalewali , Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, Suman Kalyanpur, and Kishore Kumar.

The duo parted ways by the late sixties. Husan Lal left for Delhi and Bhagatram stayed on in Bombay. Today, Husanl Lal's family resides in Delhi, His eldest son Dinesh Kumar Prabhakar is renowned Violinist,Vocalist,Music Composer and Ex Director of Music,films division Mumbai.and Bhagatram's younger son Ashok Sharma is a noted sitar player with Doordarshan.

Filmography[edit]

Films to their credits include:

  • Chand (in 1944, their first movie as a pair)
  • Meena Bazaar
  • Afsana
  • Aansoo
  • Amar Kahani
  • Apsara
  • Badi Bahen
  • Balam
  • Farmaaish
  • Nargis
  • Trolly Driver
  • Gauna
  • Aaj Ki Raat
  • Adl-E-Jahangir
  • Bansaria
  • Sher Afghan
  • Pyaar Ki Manzil
  • Kafila
  • Jal Tarang
  • Aadhi Raat
  • Rakhi
  • Mr. Chakram
  • Pyar Ki Jeet
  • Shama Parwana
  • Adle Jehangir
  • Naach
  • Chhoti Bhabhi
  • Sawan Bhadon
  • Sanam

Songs:

  • Aa Aankhon Mein Aa
  • Aaj Bahaaron Ne Masti Ke
  • Aankhon Mein Aansu Hothon Pe Fariyaad Le Chale
  • Ab To Aa Jaao
  • Chup Chup Khade Ho Zaroor Koi Baat Hai
  • Do Dilon Ko Yeh Duniya
  • Kya Bataayen Ki Muhabbat Ki Kahaani Kya Hai
  • Kya Jaane Amiri Jo Gareebi Ka Maza Hai
  • Kya Kahoon Sakhi Aaj Main
  • Kya Sukh Paaya Tune Mera Dil Todake
  • Kyon Dil Mein Mere Base Ho
  • Kyon Jhooki Jaati Hain Nazaren
  • Likhanewaale Ne Likh Di
  • Lo Jawaani Ka Zamaana Aa Gaya
  • Lut Gaye Ho Pyaar Mein Tere Lut Gaye
  • Lut Gayi Hai Kisiki Jawaani
  • Maahi Ho Maahi Ho Dupatta Mera De De
  • Maangi Muhabbat Paayi Judaai
  • Yeh Teri Kahaani Hai Aur Meri Jawaani Hai
  • Yeh To Chala Mere Khuda Lut Gaya Mera Pyaar Kyon
  • Zara Tumne Dekha To Pyaar Aa Gaya

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gulzar; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. pp. 584–. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. 

External links[edit]

Husnlal Bhagatram at the Internet Movie Database