Hussain Jawad Or Hussain Parweez
10 December 1987
|Residence||Sitra, Kingdom of Bahrain|
|Occupation||Human rights activist|
|Years active||15 years|
|Organization||European-Bahraini Organization for Human Rights|
|Home town||Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain|
|Parent(s)||Mohamed Jawad Parweez (father)|
|Relatives||Nabeel Rajab (cousin)|
Hussain Jawad Parweez (Arabic: حسين جواد برويز, born on 10 December 1987) is a leading Bahraini human rights activist. He is the Chairman and founder of the European-Bahraini Organisation for Human Rights (EBOHR). He is also one of the founders of Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights and served as its Vice-president from 2004 to 2006. Hussain has long been an advocate for peaceful and democratic change in Bahrain and is an active supporter of the freedom of expression and human rights. He has been a member of the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights since 2002.
Hussain Jawad, like many of his fellow activists, was detained as a result of his work as a human rights defender and for having freely expressed his opinion.
Hussain was arrested in a raid on his house on February 16, 2015. He stood trial on 17 March on charges of "collecting and receiving money from home and abroad in order to support and finance subversive groups". Hussain Jawad denied the charges and told the judge he was tortured when in custody of the Criminal Investigations Directorate (CID). On May 19, 2015, the 4th Lower Criminal Court ordered his release from prison with the guarantee of his place of residence. However, the cases against Mr. Jawad were not terminated (the court simply adjourned them) and Hussain still stands trial at a later date.
Arrest and the Ongoing Trial
On Monday, February 16 at around 1:30 am local time masked police in plain clothes accompanied with riot police raided the house where Hussain lived together with his wife and a two-year-old son and arrested him without any explanations.
On February 18, Mr. Jawad was taken to the Public Prosecution without his lawyer or family being informed. The Public Prosecution ordered the release of Mr. Jawad pending trial on charges of "illegal gathering" and "rioting". However, he was not released but taken back to the CID to confess on a new case & other charges.
Hussain Jawad allegedly "confessed" to a number of charges when he appeared before the Public Prosecution again on 21 February. Later, on 23 February, he told the Public Prosecution that he had been tortured at the CID, including by being beaten, deprived of sleep, forced to stand for a prolonged period in a cold room, insulted, humiliated and threatened with rape and sexual assault, and forced to "confess". He was questioned by the Special Investigation Unit (SIU), the body mandated to investigate and bring to court allegations of torture and other violations by the security forces, and told them he was tortured and threatened with further torture if he withdrew his confession. There is no information on the outcome of the SIU investigation into Hussain Jawad's torture allegations up till now.
Hussain stood trial on 17 March before a Lower Criminal Court in Manama, the capital of Bahrain, on charges of "collecting and receiving money from home and abroad without authorization". He was tried together with two other individuals in the same case, whom one is the Kuwaiti MP Abdulhamid Dashti. Hussain Jawad denied the charges and told the judge he was tortured when in custody of the CID. On May 19, 2015 Hussain was released from prison and the cases against him were adjourned to May 29 and November 7.
On February 13, 2015, Jen Psaki, then a spokesperson for the United States Department of State, at her daily press briefing said that US were closely following the case of Hussain Jawad and continue to gather more information. "We do plan to observe his trial, just as we often observe open hearings in Bahrain and other countries", she said when answering one of the questions.
In March 2015 (in response to a written question from Jeremy Corbyn MP), Tobias Ellwood MP, Minister of State in the United Kingdom's Foreign & Commonwealth Office, said that the government was closely following Mr Jawad's case and that UK has raised its concerns about the case. He also said that the British Embassy in Bahrain has raised the allegations of mistreatment made by Mr Jawad with the Ministry of Interior's Ombudsman and that the embassy officials have attended Mr Jawad's court appearances.
Asylum in the UK
Hussain's active role as a human rights defender has previously subjected him to harassment by the Bahraini authorities. The latest was his arrest in November 2013, when he went to file a complaint against the government claiming they were defaming him in a local newspaper. He was arrested on spot at the Central Province Police station and taken to the dry dock prison where he spent 47 days. His arrest came following a speech he delivered calling for peaceful struggle and democracy. During his imprisonment he managed to monitor and document many cases and violations against detainees, which he revealed following his release in January 2014 on bail pending trial.
Looking for a better future, Jawad decided that it was best to leave Bahrain and seek refuge in the United Kingdom, where he could practice his job safely. He was greeted by UK Visas and Immigration officials at Heathrow airport, and taken to a medium security prison for illegal immigrants. His case was placed in a Detained Fast Track special program (DFT), designed for uncomplicated cases that would eventually be returned to their home countries, despite his strong case for asylum.
Hussain's father is an independent human rights activist and a famous victim of torture - Mohammed Hasan Jawad, better known as Parweez. He has campaigned specifically for human rights on behalf of detainees and prisoners.
Parweez is 67 years old and has been imprisoned in Jau Central Prison since March 2011. He has been sentenced to 15 years in prison on charges of "conspiring to topple the regime and collaborating with a terrorist organization". Mohammed has been among thirteen Bahraini opposition leaders, rights activists, bloggers and Shia clerics arrested between 17 March and 9 April 2011 in connection with their role in the national uprising - a group that is internationally known as "Bahrain Thirteen".
- Dooley, Brian (12 January 2015). "Hussain Jawad Case Presents Bahrain With Key Test on Speech". Huffington Post. New York. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
- Friedland, Elliot (17 February 2015). "Exclusive: Wife of Arrested Bahraini Activist Tells Story". The Clarion Project. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Urgent Action: Tortured to 'Confess' Activist Now Stands Trial" (PDF). Amnesty International. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Bahrain:Conditional release of Mr. Hussain Jawad". The International Federation for Human Rights. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- Darwish, Asma (4 March 2015). "Tell US ally Bahrain to release my husband". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Donaghy, Rori (16 February 2015). "Bahraini human rights activist detained, family claim risk of torture". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- "Bahrain:Ongoing arbitrary detention and judicial harassment of Mr. Hussain Jawad". The International Federation for Human Rights. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- Stoakes, Emanuel (2 March 2015). "Hussain Jawad's detainment and torture highlights Britain's shameless stance on Bahraini rights". The Independent. London. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Kizer, Kate (March 2015). "Trial of EBOHR Chairman Opens". Project on Middlese East Democracy. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Daily Press Briefing" (Press release). US Department of State. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- "Written questions and answers" (Press release). Parliament of the United Kingdom. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Bushehri, Faten (19 February 2015). "Hussain Jawad and human rights: A story that never ends". European-Bahraini Organization for Human Rights. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Urgent Action: Activist Freed on Bail to Wait Unfair Trial" (PDF). Amnesty International. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Darwish, Asma (27 March 2015). "The UK could have stopped my husband being tortured in Bahrain". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Sloan, Alastair (22 July 2014). "Has Britain become Bahrain's lapdog?". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Mohammed Hassan Jawad". The Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Freedom for the Bahraini 13:Mohammed Hasan Jawad". The Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy. Retrieved 15 May 2015.