Hussain Shahi dynasty

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History of Bangladesh
History of India

The Hussain Shahi dynasty ruled from 1494-1538. Alauddin Husain Shah, considered as the greatest of all the sultans of Bengal for bringing a cultural renaissance during his reign. He conquered Kamarupa, Kamata, Jajnagar, and Orissa and extended the sultanate all the way to the port of Chittagong, which witnessed the arrival of the first Portuguese merchants. Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah gave refuge to the Afghan lords during the invasion of Babur though he remained neutral.

However, Nasrat Shah made a treaty with Babur and saved Bengal from a Mughal invasion. The last Sultan of the dynasty, who continued to rule from Sonargaon, had to contend with rising Afghan activity on his northwestern border. Eventually, the Afghans broke through and sacked the capital in 1538 where they remained for several decades until the arrival of Mughal dynasty.[1]


  1. Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1519)
  2. Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah (1519–1533)
  3. Alauddin Firuz Shah (1533)
  4. Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (1533–1538)

See also[edit]