హుస్సేన్ సాగర్ حسین ساگر
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|Location||Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
|Max. length||3.2 km (2.0 mi)|
|Max. width||2.8 km (1.7 mi)|
|Surface area||4.4 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||32 ft (9.8 m)|
|Surface elevation||1,759 ft (536 m)|
|Islands||Gibraltar rock (artificial)|
Hussain Sagar is a heart shaped lake in Hyderabad built by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah in 1563, during the rule of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah. It is spread across an area of 5.7 square kilometers and is fed by River Musi. A large monolithic statue of the Gautama Buddha, erected in 1992, stands on Gibraltar Rock in the middle of the lake. It also separates Hyderabad from its twin city Secunderabad. The maximum depth of the lake is 32 feet.
- 1 History
- 2 'Heart Of The World' Recognition by UNWTO
- 3 Landmarks and attractions
- 4 Transport
- 5 Environmental conditions and conservation
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Hussain Sagar was built across a tributary of the river Musi river in 1563 by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah. The lake was named after Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali, who helped to design it. It is an artificial lake that holds water perennially fed by canals from Musi river. Hussain Sagar was the main source of water supply to Hyderabad before Himayat Sagar and Osman Sagar were built on river Musi.
'Heart Of The World' Recognition by UNWTO
Hussain Sagar, a heritage site of India was declared as the 'Heart of the World' by UNWTO on 27 September 2012, on the occasion of World Tourism Day, for being the World's Largest Heart Shaped Mark, the World's Heritage Heart shaped Mark, and the World's Wonderful Heart Shaped Mark on the face of the earth among the heart shaped marks formed by the heart shaped lakes and islands that exist in the world. Logo for the 'Heart of the World' was inaugurated by H.E. Mr. Taleb Rifai, Secretary-General, United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), Madrid-Spain, in the year 2013.
World's Largest Heart Shaped Mark: Hussain sagar lake is the largest heart shaped mark among the marks formed by 78 heart shaped lakes and 9 heart shaped islands on the face of the earth.
World's Heritage Heart shaped Mark: Hussain lake is one of the Qutub Shahi monuments of Hyderabad-Telangana, out of which Golconda Fort, Qutub Shahi Tombs and Charminar were already placed in the tentative list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO.
World's Wonderful Heart Shaped Mark: This lake has many outstanding universal values of love around it in addition to its heart shape, the symbol of love, which explore the wonder of love in the world. King built the lake for his people's drinking & irrigation purpose out of his love towards his people. King Ibrahim named the lake after Hazrath Hussain Shawali (Sufi saint, medical practitioner and architect of the lake) as sign of gratitude for Hussain's treatment that was given to the king during his sickness and made him recover from the sickness. Many historical monuments were placed on the bank.
Landmarks and attractions
The road on the Tank Bund was widened in 1946 when Sir Mirza Ismail was the prime minister of Hyderabad Deccan. Further widening and beautification of the Tank bund took place during 1987-88 by the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N.T.Rama Rao with the addition of fountains with dancing waters, tantalizing colored lights at night and bronze statues of renowned personalities.
The Pakistan M47 Patton tank is a war trophy given to the 54th Infantry Division who had disabled it during the Battle of Basantar in Pakistan, during 15–17 December 1971. It was given to the city by the battalion after the India Pakistan war of 1971.
An 18-meter high monolithic statue of Lord Buddha towers over the lake from atop the Rock of Gibraltar. The idea was a part of the Buddha Poornima project in 1985. The statue was chiseled out of a white granite rock, weighing 450 tons. It was carved by 200 sculptors for two years. The statue was transported to Hyderabad in November 1988. After initial problems, the statue was erected on 12 April 1992 on a red lotus pedestal.
Lumbini Park is an urban park of 7.5 acres (0.030 km2; 0.0117 sq mi) adjacent to Hussain Sagar. It was constructed at a cost of INR 2.35 crores on 5 acres of land as a part of the Buddha Poornima project. It has various attractions such as laser auditorium, boating facilities and musical fountains.
Birla Mandir is a Hindu temple built of white marble on a 280 feet (85 m) high hillock called the Naubath Pahad located to the south of Hussain Sagar. The construction took 10 years and was consecrated in 1976 by Swami Ranganathananda of Ramakrishna Mission.
Sanjeevaiah Park is a public green space and park located to the north of the lake. Built on 92 acres (37 ha), the park is named after Damodaram Sanjivayya, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The park is managed by the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority and the park won the Best open landscape award during the 2010 Indian national trust for art and cultural heritage award presentations.
Prasad's IMAX is a multiplex of an area of 2,35,000 sq ft, housing an IMAX movie theater, a five screen multiplex, food court, multinational fast food outlets, a gaming zone and a shopping mall covering two levels of the complex. It is India's 3rd IMAX theater.
NTR Gardens is a small urban park of 55 acres (0.22 km2; 0.086 sq mi) adjacent to Hussain Sagar lake. Constructed in several phases since 1999, the park is presently being maintained by the Buddha Purnima Project Authority that functions under the directives of the Government of Telangana. The park is named after and houses the memorial of N T Rama Rao, a matinee idol and former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh who died on 18 January 1996.
Tomb of Saidani Maa Sahebaa
Sayedani Maa Tomb is an Archaeological Survey of India declared heritage site located at the north end of Tank Bund. Saidani Maa Saheba was a saint of the Nizam era. An example of Islamic architecture, the tomb has been carved intricately with marble lattice work.
Hussain Sagar lake is a popular spot for sailing. Regattas have been held here since 1971 jointly by the EME Sailing Association and the Secunderabad Sailing Club. Hyderabad Sailing Week has been conducted here since 1984 when the first laser boats were introduced by the Laser Class Association of India. The event has grown from 10 laser entries in 1984 to 110 laser entries in 2009. In August 2009 the lake was witness to the monsoon regatta in which sailors from all over India participated. Different classes of sailboats and yachts were raced including four J24, eighteen Hobie Cat and Fourtyseven Optimist (dinghy).
The Yacht Club of Hyderabad located at Sanjeevaiah Park, started in 2009 and instituted the Monsoonregatta.com the same year. The club started with just 3 boats now boast of more than 45 on it premises including Lasers, Optimists, Omegas, Kayaks and many safety and rescue vessels. The club trains youngsters to compete at the national level.
Statues of Icons of Telugu culture
34 well-sculptured bronze statues, mounted on high platforms, of Telugu people who played iconic role in the development of Telugu culture line the Tank Bund road. The following 34 personalities are commemorated in the order of appearance from Secunderabad.
- Rudrama Devi
- Asaf Jah VI
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
- Komaram Bheem
- Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy
- Gurajada Apparao
- Ballari Raghava
- Alluri Sita Rama Raju
- Sir Arthur Cotton
- Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Chowdary
- Pingali Venkayya
- Makhdoom Mohiuddin
- Suravaram Pratapareddy
- Gurram Jashuva
- Matnoori Krishna Rao
- Srirangam Srinivasa Rao
- Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu
- Sri Krishnadevaraya
- Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami
- Bramha Naidu
- Tana Shah
- Siddhendra Yogi
- Yogi Vemana
- Gautamiputra Satakarni
Secretariat buildings, Hyderabad Boat Club on the southern side, Secunderabad Sailing Club, Hotel Marriott on the northern side and Raj Bhavan on the western banks. Eat street is a famous street for outdoor eateries and shops located on the west side of the lake.
The Hussain Sagar Jn was a 2 platform railway station earlier but was dismantled in the mid 1980s. It is now a Railway controlling cabin with three routes diverging towards Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Begumpet.
Environmental conditions and conservation
Hussain Sagar Lake forms an important part of Hyderabad but now has become the main sewage collection zone of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. As a result of heavy anthropogenic pressures such as unplanned urbanization, the entire ecosystem of Hussain Sagar Lake has changed. The water quality has deteriorated considerably during the last three decades. The lake has become shallow due to siltation and accumulation of plant debris. A 2008 study of the lake's water and sediment has found that it has exceeded its eutrophic condition, reaching hypereutrophic status. Many undesirable changes in the structure of biological communities have resulted, and some important species have either declined or completely disappeared. Realising the importance of conservation of Hussain Sagar Lake, a project has been formulated. This project shall be implemented by APPCB, Hyderabad, India. In this respect, a project feasibility report has been prepared for the approval and financing. In spite of the commission of a sewage treatment plant on the western side, large amount of untreated sewage and industrial effluents continue to flow into the lake.
- "View of Buddha Statue, Tank Bund, Hyderabad, Telangana". indospectrum.com. Retrieved 2 November 2006.
- "DECLARATION OF HEART OF THE WORLD ON WORLD TOURISM DAY 2012 - UNWTO". UNWTO.
- "DECLARATION OF HEART OF THE WORLD ON WORLD TOURISM DAY 2012 - UNWTO". UNWTO.
- "War hero recalls tank bund". The Times of India.
- Ramanathan, Gayatri (3 April 2003). "Hi-tech entertainments on the anvil for Hyderabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
- "Birla Mandir - Hyderabad - Andhra Pradesh state in India". indiatourism.ws. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Art from recycled material at Sanjeevaiah Park". The Hindu. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- "GHMC - Prasad's IMAX". Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "CNN Travel". CNN.
- "King of Good times Prasad's Imax". The Hindu. 7 August 2011.
- "Smooth sailing on murky waters". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 20 August 2009.
- Suneela M, Radha Krishna G, Vamsi Krishna K, Manga Sai V, Bhargav V, et al. (2008). Sangupta M, Dalwani R, eds. "Water and sediment analysis of Hussain Sagar Lake, Hyderabad" (PDF). World Lake Database. Environmental Protection Training and Research Institute. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
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