Hussainabad, Jharkhand

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Hussainabad
हुसैनाबाद
Japla
city
Hussainabad is located in Jharkhand
Hussainabad
Hussainabad
Hussainabad is located in India
Hussainabad
Hussainabad
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 24°32′N 84°01′E / 24.53°N 84.02°E / 24.53; 84.02Coordinates: 24°32′N 84°01′E / 24.53°N 84.02°E / 24.53; 84.02
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Palamu
Elevation 145 m (476 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 35,433
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Santali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 822116
Telephone code 06566
Vehicle registration JH
Website www.japla.in

Hussainabad (also spelt as Husainabad and also known as Japla) is a town and a sub division in Palamu district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Hussainabad had a population of 23,433. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Hussainabad has an average literacy rate of 54%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 62%, and female literacy is 45%. In Hussainabad, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

Hussainabad was an aboriginal village of Dhangar (A native tribe). In state government records it is known as Hussainabad but central government recognizes it by the name of Japla. In 1740, 'Hidayat Ali Khan' was nominated as Jagirdar of Japla in Jharkhand state (at that time it was in Bihar). Hussainabad is named after Nawab Ghulam Hussain. The ruins of their fortress is still exist. After Hussain, Kayastha, Brahmin and Rajput families influenced the local politics and were instrumental in its development.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Hussainabad is situated at 24°32′N 84°01′E / 24.53°N 84.02°E / 24.53; 84.02.[2] It has an average elevation of 145 m (476 ft).

Hussainabad (Japla) is a small town in Jharkhand serving as the main market for nearby villages. It is on the border of Jharkhand and Bihar. The Railway station is called 'Japla'. Towards the Bihar from Japla, the following stations are Kajratnawadih and Nabinagar. Railway is the main source for intercity commutation but local buses and small vehicles also operate between nearby cities.

Approximately 4 km from Japla is Sone Valley Cements Limited (formerly known as Sone Valley Port Land Cement Company Limited), on the bank of Sone river, which ceased operating in 1993. It was first portland cement factory of India established during British regime. It is said[by whom?] that the Mohraon Bungalow of Sone valley Cements was among some of the finest bungalows in the state of Bihar, and equipped with modern amenities. After the closure of the factory, the bungalow became dilapidated. Initial economic growth in Japla could be attributed to the cement factory, whose employees visited town to purchase goods for day-to-day needs, thus promoting the town's trade and commerce. The town now serves as the main market for nearby villages.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

In the absence of governmental help for improvement, Japla has only basic a infrastructure.[according to whom?] Roads are single carriageway, sewerage is non-existent, and the water supply is irregular.[citation needed]

Basic medical facilities are provided by a government-run health centre and private medical practitioners. For advance treatment patients either travel to the nearby town of Daltonganj, or to larger cities such as Varanasi and Ranchi.[citation needed]

The condition of electricity supply is better than nearby towns with less than 5 hours power cut in a day.[further explanation needed] Solar power is also used for street lighting and domestic purposes.[citation needed]

The preferred public conveyance within in the town is man-pulled rickshaw, auto-rickshaw and jeep.[citation needed]

The outskirts of town are infested with naxalites because of surrounding dense jungle.[citation needed]

Japla's educational infrastructure is basic. There are government run schools for boys and girls and small private schools. For higher education students migrate to larger cities. Some residents of Japla are well-placed and are doing well in big cities.[citation needed] People from japla are working in IBM, TCS, Infosys and multinational banks.[citation needed]

The major source of income of townspeople is in small trading businesses and agriculture. The people of the villages surrounding the town engage in agriculture. The government is the biggest employer with the majority of the jobs coming from banks, schools and Government offices.

Amenities in Japla include the nationalised banks of SBI and PNB, a post office, two petrol pumps, and picture halls.

See also[edit]

References[edit]