Hussein, Crown Prince of Jordan
|Crown Prince of Jordan|
Hussein in 2015
28 June 1994|
|Father||Abdullah II of Jordan|
|Service/||Royal Jordanian Army|
|Years of service||2012–present|
|Royal family of Jordan|
Hussein bin Abdullah (Arabic: حسين بن عبد الله, Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbdullāh; born 28 June 1994) is the heir apparent of King Abdullah II of Jordan. According to Hussein, he is a 42nd-generation direct descendant of Muhammad as he belongs to the Hashemite family, who have ruled Jordan since 1921.
Hussein, currently a second lieutenant in the Jordanian Armed Forces, started his education in Jordan and in 2016 he graduated from Georgetown University with a degree in international history. Since reaching the age of majority in 2012, Hussein has functioned as regent on several occasions and has accompanied his father on a number of local and international visits. Hussein is in charge of the Crown Prince Foundation, which is responsible for a technical university and a number of scientific and humanitarian initiatives. In 2015, at the age of 20, Hussein became the youngest person to chair a UN Security Council session. After graduating from Sandhurst in 2017, he made a global debut when he addressed the UN General Assembly in September. Observers speculate he will start to play a more prominent role in Jordan and abroad.
Early life and education
Hussein was born on 28 June 1994 in Amman to the then-Prince Abdullah and Princess Rania. Abdullah had met Rania, a marketing employee at Apple Inc., in Amman at a dinner organized by Abdullah's sister Princess Aisha in January 1993; they married six months later. Hussein is the namesake of his grandfather, King Hussein. Hussein says he is the 42nd direct descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah, whose husband was Ali the fourth caliph. The Hashemites ruled Mecca for over 700 years until its 1925 conquest by the House of Saud, and has ruled Jordan since 1921. The Hashemites are the oldest-ruling dynasty in the Muslim world, and are the second-oldest-ruling dynasty in the world, after the Imperial House of Japan.
Hussein is the eldest child of Abdullah and has two sisters and one brother; Princess Iman, Princess Salma and his youngest sibling Prince Hashem. Hussein started his primary education at the International School of Choueifat and the International Amman Academy; he finished his high school at King's Academy in 2012, obtained a bachelor's degree in international history at Georgetown University in 2016, and graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 2017. He is a second lieutenant in the Jordanian Armed Forces.
Abdullah was not expected to succeed to the throne despite being King Hussein's eldest son; the King had appointed his younger brother Prince Hassan as heir designate in 1965. Shortly before his death on 7 February 1999, the King replaced Hassan with Abdullah. When Abdullah became king, he named his younger half-brother, Prince Hamzah, as heir designate on his accession.
On 28 November 2004, King Abdullah removed Hamzah from his title as crown prince. Though the title of crown prince was left vacant, the Constitution of Jordan provides for agnatic primogeniture, meaning the monarch's eldest son is automatically first in the line of succession to the Jordanian throne unless decreed otherwise. Hussein thus became heir apparent as soon as his half-uncle lost the status, and analysts widely expected the King to bestow the formal title on Hussein. The title was conferred on 2 July 2009, when a royal decree naming him as crown prince, effective immediately, was issued.
Unlike the King's, the Crown Prince's role is mostly ceremonial under the Constitution, and the title is not associated with any political post. Hussein performed his first official engagement in June 2010, when he represented his father at the celebrations of the anniversary of the Arab Revolt and the Armed Forces Day.
Hussein has accompanied his father on both official and military missions, and has served several times as regent during the King's absence from the country. Hussein is in charge of the Crown Prince Foundation, which is responsible for a technical university, and a number of scientific and humanitarian initiatives. The foundation established the Haqiq initiative, which aims to encourage youth for volunteerism; a NASA internship program; MASAR initiative to encourage space technology innovation; and the Hearing Without Borders initiative that funds cochlear implants for Jordanians with impaired hearing. The interns from the NASA program have started to build a cubesat (mini satellite) named JY1, Jordan's first satellite scheduled to launch in 2018. The cubesat project is named after the late King Hussein's amateur radio callsign.
In 2013, he participated in a training session with the members of the Jordanian special forces elite 71st Counter Terrorism Battalion. On 14 July 2014, Hussein visited the King Hussein Medical Center in Amman where some injured Palestinians who fled Gaza were receiving medical treatment.
On 23 April 2015, the then-20-year-old Prince Hussein became the youngest person ever to chair a UN Security Council session. During the meeting, the prince oversaw a debate about methods of preventing young people from joining extremist groups. Ban Ki-moon, the then-Secretary-General of the United Nations, said Hussein is "not yet 21 years old, but he is already a leader in the 21st century". The Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2250 titled "Maintenance of international peace and security"; the resolution was presented at the initiative of Jordan during the session Hussein presided over.
In May 2017, Hussein made the welcoming speech during a session of the World Economic Forum that was held on Jordanian shores of the Dead Sea. In September 2017, after having graduated from Sandhurst, he gave Jordan's speech at the UN General Assembly. Observers speculated the Crown Prince will start to play a more prominent role in Jordan and abroad.
The Crown Prince's Instagram account has more than 1.1 million followers as of September 2017; he posts pictures that showcase his hobbies, which include reading, playing football, motorcycling and playing the guitar.
- 28 June 1994 – 2 July 2009: His Royal Highness Prince Hussein of Jordan
- 2 July 2009 – present: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Jordan
- Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abdullah II". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
- "His Royal Highness Crown Prince Al Hussein Bin Abdullah". alhussein.jo. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Hashemite Ancestry". alhussein.jo (in Arabic). 1 January 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
- "King Hussein is dead". CNN. 7 February 1999. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Profile: King Abdullah II of Jordan". themuslim500.com. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Jordan crown prince loses title". BBC News. 29 November 2004. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Jordan's king names son, 15, as crown prince". Reuters. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Jordan's young crown prince makes global debut in UN speech". Associated Press. abcnews. 22 September 2017. Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Crown Prince joins Army Day celebration". Ammon News. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Al Hussein Technical University seeks to prepare graduates with 'quality technical skills'". The Jordan Times. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "NASA-trained young Jordanian develops, with team, nanosatellite 'CubeSat'". The Jordan Times. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Crown Prince trains with the 71st Special Battalion". Royanews (in Arabic). 1 October 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Regent visits injured Palestinians at Al Hussein Medical Center". Jordan News Agency (Petra). 14 July 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Security Council unanimously adopts Jordan-proposed resolution on youth". The Jordan Times. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- "Jordanian prince, 20, becomes youngest to chair UN Security Council meeting". Associated Press. Fox News. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Kamal Salibi (15 December 1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "Family tree". alhussein.gov. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
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Hussein bin AbdullahBorn: 28 June 1994
| Crown Prince of Jordan
|Lines of succession|
|First in line||Succession to the Jordanian throne||Succeeded by|