Hussein Refki Pasha

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Sahib-ul-Ma'ali
Hussein Refki
Pasha
Hussein Refki Pasha.JPG
25th War and Marine Minister of Egypt
In office
December 1937 – April 1938
Monarch Farouk
Prime Minister Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha
Preceded by Ahmed Hamdi Seif al-Nasr Pasha
Succeeded by Hassan Sabry Pasha
Member of the Senate of Egypt
In office
1939 – ?
Chief Aide-de-Camp to the King of Egypt
Monarch Fuad I
Farouk
Succeeded by Omar Fathi Pasha
Personal details
Born 1876
Cairo, Egypt
Died 1950 (aged 73–74)
Cairo, Egypt
Nationality Egyptian
Spouse(s) Zeinab Khanum Said Agha
Children Hafez
Alma mater Royal Military School
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Egypt (1922–1958).svg Kingdom of Egypt
Egypt Sultanate of Egypt
Egypt Khedivate of Egypt
Service/branch Flag of the Army of Egypt (1922-1952).svg Egyptian Army
Rank Turco-Egyptian liwa'.gif Major-General
Commands King's Military Household (Egypt)

Hussein Refki Pasha Ahmed Hafez Mohammed Hafez (Arabic: حسين رفقي باشا ‎‎; 1876–1950) was an Egyptian military general and politician who served as Egypt's 25th Minister of War and Marine.

Career[edit]

Hussein Refki Pasha served as Egypt's Minister of War and Marine from December 1937 to April 1938, during the early reign of King Farouk of Egypt.[1] Refki later became a senator in the Egyptian Senate (Arabic: مجلس الشيوخ‎‎; Majlis-al-Shuyukh), the upper-house of the Egyptian Parliament (dissolved in 1956).[2] Prior to his political career, Refki served in the royal court as Chief Aide-de-Camp (Arabic: كبير الياوران‎‎; Kebeer-al-Yawaran) to kings Fuad I and Farouk. As Chief Aide-de-Camp, Refki commanded the King's Military Household (predecessor to the Republican Guard of Egypt), which included the royal guard and other elite military formations.[3] A street is named for Refki in the Sarayat El-Quba neighbourhood of Heliopolis, Cairo.[4]

Family[edit]

Hussein Refki Pasha is a member of the Hafez family of Egypt, an aristocratic Turco-Egyptian family with a prominent history, having produced many pashas and beys before the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.[3] Refki's father, Ahmed Hafez Pasha, and his brothers Major-Generals Hassan Hafez Pasha and Mohammed Hafez Pasha, all held high commands in the Egyptian Army.[3] The family has also produced several eminent Egyptian judges. Refki's only child, Chancellor Hafez Refky, was a member of Egypt's Supreme Judicial Council (Arabic: مجلس القضاء الاعلى ‎‎; Majlis al-Qada' al-A'la), and Vice-President of Egypt's Court of Cassation (Arabic: محكمة النقض‎‎; Mahkamat-al-Naqd), Egypt's highest appellate court. Refki's nephew, Chancellor Fouad Hafez, was President of the Egyptian Court of Appeals in Cairo (Arabic: محكمة استئناف القاهرة ‎‎; Mahkamat Isti'naf al-Qahirah).

Hussein Refki Pasha is related to the Muhammad Ali dynasty of Egypt through his mother, who is directly descended from the dynasty's founder, Muhammad Ali of Egypt. Since the 1930s Refki and his patrilineal descendants have used the surname "Refky" or "Refki."

Awards and Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Preston,Paul. Partridge, Michael. Woodward, Peter. British Documents on Foreign Affairs: Reports and Papers from the Foreign Office Confidential Print. 1999. Great Britain. Foreign Office.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Soria, L. Blattner, E.J. Le Mondain Egyptien (The Egyptian Who's Who): L'Annuaire De L'Elite D'Egypte. 1941. Cairo: [s.n.]
  3. ^ a b c Soria, L. Blattner, E.J. Le Mondain Egyptien (The Egyptian Who's Who): L'Annuaire De L'Elite D'Egypte. 1936. Cairo: Thuilot Vincent & Cie.
  4. ^ El-Lewa Hussein Refki Street. Sarayat El Koba, Cairo, Egypt. Map of El-Koba, Cairo. 2009. Google Maps.
Preceded by
Ahmed Hamdi Seif Al Nasr
Minister of War and Marine of Egypt
December 1937 – April 1938
Succeeded by
Hassan Sabry Pasha