Huta Pieniacka

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Huta Pieniacka
Village (destroyed)
Huta Pieniacka monument
Huta Pieniacka monument
Huta Pieniacka is located in Ukraine
Huta Pieniacka
Huta Pieniacka
Location of eradicated village
Coordinates: 49°54′07″N 25°05′56″E / 49.902°N 25.099°E / 49.902; 25.099Coordinates: 49°54′07″N 25°05′56″E / 49.902°N 25.099°E / 49.902; 25.099
Country  Ukraine (location)
Destroyed 1944, occupied Poland (now Ukraine)

Huta Pieniacka (Ukrainian: Гута Пеняцька, Huta Penyats'ka) – was an ethnic Polish village of about 1,000 inhabitants until 1939,[1] located in Tarnopol Voivodeship, Poland (modern-day Brody Raion, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine). The site of what was once the village is currently located some 50 km from Ternopil, beside the village of Holubytsia (Ukrainian: Голубиця) and Peniaky in Brody Raion of Lviv Oblast of Ukraine.

History[edit]

During the German-Soviet War the village was the location of the Soviet partisan detachment under the command of NKVD colonel Dmitry Medvedev.

On February 28, 1944 almost all the villagers of Polish ethnic background were murdered,[2] and the village razed during the Huta Pieniacka massacre in a pre-planned pacification action,[3] by the II Battalion of the 4th regiment of the SS.[4][5] The village of Huta Pieniacka no longer exists. Most of the houses were burned during the massacre and only the school and a Roman Catholic church remained. Both of these buildings were demolished after the war, and in the area of the village there is a pasture for cattle. There is a post with a Ukrainian inscription Center of the former village, but it does not mention the name of the village.

Recent events[edit]

Plaque on the monument

The Huta Pieniacka massacre to be one of the greatest crimes committed by Ukrainian nationalists in Eastern Galicia[citation needed] (Polish: Małopolska Wschodnia) - the now border region between Poland and Ukraine. In 2009, the then presidents of the two countries, Lech Kaczyński and Viktor Yushchenko respectively, visited the site to pay tribute to the victims.

The monument in the now non-existent village of Huta Pieniacka in Lviv region in western Ukraine was erected in memory of the hundreds of people who lived in the then Polish village and were brutally killed in 1944 by a Ukrainian SS division.

In January 2017 the Monument to Polish Victims of World War II Massacre was desecrated with fascist symbols in Ukraine. A cross made of stone was blown up, while two stone tables with the names of the Poles killed during the 1944 massacre were damaged.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geographical Dictionary of Poland. Vol III. Internet Archive.
  2. ^ Marcin Wojciechowski (2009-02-27), 65 years ago the Polish village in Ukraine was pacified. What happened in Huta Pieniacka (65 lat temu spacyfikowano polską wieś na Ukrainie. Co stało się w Hucie Pieniackiej), Gazeta Wyborcza, Internet Archive. (in Polish)
  3. ^ "IPN prowadzi śledztwo ws. mordu w Hucie Pieniackiej - GazetaPrawna.pl - biznes, podatki, prawo, finanse, wiadomości, praca -". gazetaprawna.pl. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  4. ^ "Дивізія "Галичина" до знищення мешканців Гути Пеняцької відношення не має - klekit". klekit.livejournal.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  5. ^ Michael James Melnyk. (2007). To Battle: The Formation and History of the 14th Waffen-SS Grenadier Division. Helion and Company. Chapter 5.