Hutchins, Texas

Coordinates: 32°38′38″N 96°42′27″W / 32.64389°N 96.70750°W / 32.64389; -96.70750
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Hutchins, Texas
Location of Hutchins in Dallas County, Texas
Location of Hutchins in Dallas County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°38′38″N 96°42′27″W / 32.64389°N 96.70750°W / 32.64389; -96.70750
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyDallas
Government
 • MayorMario Vasquez
Area
 • Total9.31 sq mi (24.11 km2)
 • Land9.09 sq mi (23.54 km2)
 • Water0.22 sq mi (0.57 km2)  2.35%
Elevation
466 ft (142 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,338
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
5,866
 • Density645.25/sq mi (249.14/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75141
Area code972
FIPS code48-35612[3]
GNIS feature ID1338331[4]
Websitehttp://www.cityofhutchins.org/

Hutchins is a city in Dallas County, Texas, United States. Its population was 5,338 at the 2010 census.[5]

History[edit]

The area was first inhabited by families around 1860 as a trading place for immigrants who settled along the west bank of the Trinity River and new arrivals who crossed the Trinity at Dowd's Ferry from the east.[6]

The town received its name from railroad developer William J. Hutchins, who was then president and general manager of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad (H&TC).[7] The railway was completed through Hutchins in 1872. That same year a post office opened in the community.[6] The population of Hutchins grew to around 250 residents in 1884 and topped 300 by 1890. That figure declined slightly to 204 in 1904, but had risen to 500 in 1926.[6]

Hutchins was officially incorporated in 1945.[8][6] In the first census conducted after incorporation in 1950, the population stood at 743. Despite the rapid growth of Dallas County and most of its suburban communities during the latter half of the 20th century, Hutchins has grown at a much slower pace and today is one of the smallest municipalities in the county. As of 2000, the city of Hutchins had 133 businesses and a population of 2,805. Many of the businesses in the city are industrial or manufacturing related. A number of its residents are employed in the city of Dallas.[6]

Geography[edit]

Hutchins is located at 32°38′38″N 96°42′27″W / 32.64389°N 96.70750°W / 32.64389; -96.70750 (32.643784, –96.707538),[9] about 9 miles (14 km) south of downtown Dallas. It is bordered by Dallas on the north and northwest, Lancaster on the southwest, Wilmer to the south, and the Trinity River to the east.[8] Interstate Highways 20 and 45 pass through the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.1 km2), of which 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 2.35%, is covered by water.[10]

Thomas Korosec of the Dallas Observer wrote that the main street of Hutchins had "a faded, smalltown feel" due to the shops along it.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880116
1950743
19601,10048.0%
19701,75559.5%
19802,99670.7%
19902,719−9.2%
20002,8053.2%
20105,33890.3%
2019 (est.)5,866[2]9.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Hutchins' racial composition as of 2020[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 780 13.91%
Black or African American (NH) 2,155 38.43%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 12 0.21%
Asian (NH) 12 0.21%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.02%
Some other race (NH) 7 0.12%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 90 1.61%
Hispanic or Latino 2,550 45.48%
Total 5,607

As of the 2020 United States census, 5,607 people, 970 households, and 654 families were residing in the city.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Hutchins State Jail for men in Hutchins.[16]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Hutchins is served by the Dallas Independent School District (DISD). The area is within the Board of Trustees District 5.[17][18]

As of fall 2011, the area is zoned to Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary School,[19] Kennedy-Curry Middle School,[20] and Wilmer-Hutchins High School.[21]

School histories[edit]

Most of Hutchins was served by the Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District.

Until the end of the school district, C.S. Winn Elementary School was located in Hutchins.[22][23] The Hutchins Academic Elementary School was also located in Hutchins.[22] In 2004 the WHISD board voted to close Hutchins Academic, which had 82 students at the time of closure.[24][25] the former students moved to C.S. Winn and Wilmer Elementary School in Wilmer in January 2005.[24] In addition the Hutchins 5th Grade Center opened in 2000.[26] In addition, Kennedy-Curry Middle School and Wilmer-Hutchins High School in Dallas, then under WHISD control, served Wilmer.[22]

The DISD took over all of WHISD for the 2005–2006 school year. WHISD closed shortly afterwards, with official termination in spring 2006. After the closure of WHISD, property values in the district increased.[27]

For the 2005–2006 school year until the 2010–2011 school year, the WHISD portion of Hutchins was served by several schools located in Dallas. In 2005–2006 and 2006–2007[28] they included J.P. Starks,[29] Martin Weiss,[30] and Whitney Young.[31] From 2007–2008 to 2010–2011, the elementary schools serving Hutchins only included Martin Weiss and Whitney Young Elementary Schools (in two separate attendance zones).[32][33][34][35]

From 2005 to 2006,[36] until 2010-2011 secondary schools included Hulcy (Weiss zone) and Zumwalt Middle Schools (Starks and Young zones),[37][38][39][40] and Carter High School (Weiss zone) and A. Maceo Smith High School (Starks and Young zones).[41][42][43][44]

The Dallas ISD considered opening a new Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary School building, restoring the Wilmer-Hutchins High School building, and demolishing the Kennedy-Curry Middle School building as part of its 2008 bond campaign.[45] The Wilmer Hutchins Elementary School will open in an area of the City of Dallas in 2011.[46] In November 2010 DISD announced that three schools (Wilmer Hutchins ES, Kennedy-Curry Middle School, and Wilmer-Hutchins HS) would open/reopen in the Wilmer-Hutchins area in 2011.[47]

Public libraries[edit]

The Atwell Public Library serves Hutchins.[48]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Dallas County residents are zoned to Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community College or DCCC).[49]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Union Pacific's Dallas Intermodal Terminal is located partly in the city of Hutchins and partly in the city of Wilmer [1].

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hutchins city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Hutchins, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  7. ^ "William J. Hutchins". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  8. ^ a b "About Hutchins, Texas". City of Hutchins. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hutchins city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  11. ^ Korosec, Thomas. "Last in the Class." Dallas Observer. October 3, 1996. Retrieved on May 27, 2016.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  14. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  16. ^ "Hutchins Unit Archived 2008-09-23 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Trustee District 5 with School Locations Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  18. ^ "Hutchins city, Texas[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  19. ^ "Fall 2011 Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  20. ^ "Fall 2011 Kennedy-Curry Middle School Attendance Zone Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  21. ^ "Fall 2011 Wilmer-Hutchins High School Attendance Zone Grades 9-12." llas Independent School District]]. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  22. ^ a b c "Campuses." Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District. April 5, 2002. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  23. ^ "Our Schools." Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011. "C.S. Winn Elementary 1701 S. Millers Ferry Road Hutchins, Texas 75141" and "Hutchins Academic 500 Palestine Street Hutchins, Texas 75241"
  24. ^ a b Benton, Joshua. "Wilmer-Hutchins board votes to close 3 schools; Police Department also gets ax as district tries to rein in costs Archived 2012-03-27 at the Wayback Machine." The Dallas Morning News. December 14, 2004. 1B. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  25. ^ Benton, Joshua. "Wilmer-Hutchins district plans to close 3 campuses to cut costs; Schools chief says arts magnet, elementary, learning center to shut Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine." The Dallas Morning News. December 7, 2004. 1B. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  26. ^ "Chapter 2 EDUCATIONAL SERVICE DELIVERY Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District." Texas State Comptroller of Public Accounts. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  27. ^ "W-H property values increase: Schools' negative publicity had scared development, some say.." The Dallas Morning News. July 1, 2006.
  28. ^ "Building Usage in Elementary Schools Fall 2005." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  29. ^ "Fall 2006 J. P. Starks Elementary (PK-5) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  30. ^ "Fall 2006 Martin Weiss Elementary (PK-5) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  31. ^ "Fall 2006 Whitney M. Young (PK-5) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  32. ^ "Fall 2007 Martin Weiss Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  33. ^ "Fall 2007 Whitney M. Young Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  34. ^ "Fall 2010 Martin Weiss Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  35. ^ "Fall 2010 Whitney M. Young Jr. Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  36. ^ "Building Usage in Middle Schools Fall 2005." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  37. ^ "Fall 2006 Hulcy Middle School (6-8) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  38. ^ "Fall 2006 Hulcy Middle School (6-8) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
  39. ^ "Fall 2010 D. A. Hulcy Middle School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  40. ^ "Fall 2010 Sarah Zumwalt Middle School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  41. ^ "Fall 2006 David W. Carter High School (9-12) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  42. ^ "Fall 2006 A. Maceo Smith High School (9-12) Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  43. ^ "Fall 2010 David W. Carter High School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  44. ^ "Fall 2010 A. Maceo Smith High School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  45. ^ "Summary of Recommendations for 2008 Bond Program Archived 2008-04-11 at the Wayback Machine." Dallas Independent School District.
  46. ^ "New Schools-2008 Bond Program Archived 2010-05-09 at the Wayback Machine." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  47. ^ Hobbs, Tawnell D. "Dallas school district to open 3 Wilmer-Hutchins campuses, close 2 others." The Dallas Morning News. November 24, 2010. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
  48. ^ "About Hutchins, Texas." City of Hutchins. Retrieved on April 27, 2009.
  49. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.176. DALLAS COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]