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Hutchinson River Parkway

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Hutchinson River Parkway marker

Hutchinson River Parkway

Hutchinson River Parkway highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYCDOT and NYSDOT
Length18.71 mi[1] (30.11 km)
Existed1928[2]–present
RestrictionsNo commercial vehicles or drivers with learner's permits
Major junctions
South end I-95 / I-278 / I-678 in Throggs Neck
Major intersections
North end Route 15 / Merritt Parkway at the Connecticut state line in Rye Brook
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesBronx, Westchester
Highway system
NY 1BNY 1X US 2

The Hutchinson River Parkway (known colloquially as The Hutch) is a north–south parkway in southern New York in the United States. It extends for 18.71 miles (30.11 km) from the massive Bruckner Interchange in the Throggs Neck section of the Bronx to the New York–Connecticut state line at Rye Brook. The parkway continues south from the Bruckner Interchange as the Whitestone Expressway (Interstate 678) and north into Greenwich, Connecticut, as the Merritt Parkway (Connecticut Route 15). The roadway is named for the Hutchinson River, a 10-mile-long (16 km) stream in southern Westchester County that the road follows alongside. The river, in turn, was named for English colonial religious leader Anne Hutchinson.[3]

Construction of the parkway began in 1924 and was completed in 1941. The section of the parkway between Eastern Boulevard (now Bruckner Boulevard) in the Bronx and U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in Pelham Manor was designated as New York State Route 1X (NY 1X) from 1941 to 1946. NY 1A was subsequently realigned to follow the Hutch between Eastern Boulevard and US 1. The NY 1A designation was removed around 1962.[4][5]

Route description[edit]

The road is designated as NY 908A within the Bronx and is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT). In Westchester County, the road is designated as NY 907W and is maintained by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT). Both designations are unsigned reference routes. Like the Bronx River Parkway, the reference route designation of the parkway in Westchester County violates the numbering scheme used by the NYSDOT.[6] The second digit of a reference route designation typically indicates its region. While other reference routes in the county carry a second digit of "8", as Westchester County is located in region 8, the "0" in 907W is indicative of regions 10 and 11, containing Long Island and New York City, respectively.[6][7]

Throggs Neck to Pelham[edit]

Anne Hutchinson sign on Hutchinson River Parkway
Northbound on the Hutchinson River Parkway in Pelham. Signage present off the shoulder denotes the parkway's namesake, Anne Hutchinson.

The Hutchinson River Parkway begins at the large Bruckner Interchange in the Throggs Neck section of the Bronx. This interchange consists of junctions with the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95 and I-295), the Whitestone Expressway (I-678), and the Bruckner Expressway (I-95 and I-278). The Hutchinson River Parkway proceeds north as a continuation of I-678, entering Exit 1, a small 1-lane ramp to Bruckner Boulevard near Saint Raymond's Cemetery. Just to the north of Exit 1A gas stations appear on each side of the road, which turns northeast and into Exit 1B, a connection to East Tremont Avenue. After Exit 1B, the parkway crosses under the IRT Pelham Line just west of Middletown Road subway station, crossing into the Pelham Bay section of the Bronx.[8]

Just after crossing into Pelham Bay, the parkway enters Exit 1C–D, an interchange with the Pelham Parkway in a small section of Pelham Bay Park. After crossing over Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, the parkway crosses out of Pelham Bay Park and into Exit 2A–B, a junction with I-95 and the New England Thruway. Crossing over Bartow Avenue and the Hutchinson River, the parkway crosses into the main section of Pelham Bay Park, where Exit 3 forks off towards the center of the park. The now six-lane parkway crosses north through Pelham Bay Park, entering Exit 4A, another junction with the New England Thruway. When the Hutchinson River Parkway leaves Pelham Bay Park, the right-of-way leaves the Bronx and enters Westchester County.[8] Now in the village of Pelham Manor, the parkway enters Exit 4B, an interchange with US 1 (Boston Post Road). Southbound, an Exit 5A is present, a ramp to Sandford Boulevard in Pelham Manor. Proceeding northbound, Exit 5 connects to Colonial Avenue, the continuation of Sandford Boulevard after the Hutchinson River Parkway in the adjacent village of Pelham. The parkway winds north through Pelham, entering Exit 5B on the southbound lanes, a connection to East 3rd Street. Winding northeast, the parkway crosses under the Metro-North Railroad New Haven Line just west of Pelham station. Just after the line, the Hutchinson River Parkway crosses into Exit 6A, a bi-directional junction with Lincoln Avenue in Pelham.[8]

Mount Vernon to Connecticut[edit]

Soon the parkway leaves Pelham for Mount Vernon, entering the Chester Heights section. In Mount Vernon, the Hutchinson River Parkway enters Exit 6B, a connection to the Cross County Parkway. The parkway winds northeast into Exit 7, a junction with New Rochelle Road, bending northwest through Nature Study Woods Park. The parkway then bends north into New Rochelle. Just after crossing into New Rochelle, the Cross County Parkway merges into the northbound lanes. Crossing through Twin Lakes Park, the parkway enters Exit 8, a junction with the northern end of Webster Avenue. Passing around Reservoir 3, the Hutchinson River Parkway crosses into Eastchester and soon back into New Rochelle near Exit 9, which connects to North Avenue.[8]

Hutchinson River Parkway Interchange in Westchester
The Hutchinson River Parkway northbound approaching old Exit 26W, the Cross Westchester Expressway in Harrison. Signage for the upcoming junction of I-684 (new Exit 16A) is present

To the north, Exit 9A and Exit 9B going southbound junctions with Mill Road in Eastchester, the continuation of North Avenue. After Exits 9A and 9B, the parkway passes east of Reservoir 1 and south of Exit 9C, Wilmot Road. The Hutchinson River Parkway proceeds northeast as a four-lane arterial through New Rochelle. The parkway crosses under NY 125 (Weaver Street), which is accessible southbound via exit 11. Proceeding northbound, exit 11 services Hutchinson Avenue, which connects to NY 125 and Quaker Ridge Country Club. Now in the Quaker Ridge section of Scarsdale, the Hutchinson River Parkway crosses into Exit 12, Mamaroneck Road near Saxon Woods County Park. The parkway runs along the southern end of the park, entering Exit 13A-B in the center of the park.[8]

Exit 13A-B services Mamaroneck Avenue as it crosses over the West Branch of the Mamaroneck River. Leaving the park, the Hutchinson River Parkway enters White Plains, crossing past a median rest area. The parkway continues northeast, entering Exit 14, a diamond interchange with NY 127 (North Street) in Harrison. Passing Maple Moor Golf Course, the Hutchinson River Parkway enters Exit 15A–B, a cloverleaf interchange with I-287 (the Cross Westchester Expressway). Just to the north of the interchange, I-684 forks to the northwest in Harrison at Exit 16A. Just northeast of I-684, Exit 16B forks to NY 120 (Purchase Street).[8]

After Exit 16A-B the parkway makes a bend to the southeast entering Exit 17, a junction with Lincoln Avenue in Harrison. The four-lane parkway winds northeast once again, entering Exit 18, a junction with North Ridge Street in Rye Brook. The Hutchinson River Parkway enters Exit 19A, a connection with NY 120A (King Street). At this interchange, the Hutchinson River Parkway crosses into the state of Connecticut and continues northeast as the Merritt Parkway (Route 15).[8]

History[edit]

Construction of the parkway began in 1924 and the first two-mile (3 km) section was completed in December 1927. By October 1928, 11 miles (18 km) of the parkway were open, connecting US 1 in Pelham Manor, New York with Westchester Avenue in White Plains, New York.[9] The original roadway was an undivided, limited-access parkway, designed with gently sloping curves, stone arch bridges, and wooden lightposts. The original 11-mile (18 km) section included bridle paths along the right-of-way. There was also a riding academy where the public could rent horses.[2]

In 1930, Robert Moses, an American public official who worked on New York metropolitan area infrastructure, announced plans to build more parkways in the Bronx.[10] A southward extension from Pelham Manor to Pelham Bay Park opened on December 11, 1937.[11][12][13] The new southerly extension became part of a rerouted New York State Route 1A.[14][15][16] The final segment of the parkway—a southward extension to the Bronx–Whitestone Bridge—was completed on October 11, 1941[17] and was initially designated NY 1X. The NY 1X designation was removed in 1946 and replaced with a realigned NY 1A,[18] which had previously followed Bruckner Boulevard and Shore Road between what is now the Bruckner Interchange and Exit 5 on the Hutch.[19] The NY 1A designation was completely removed c. 1962.[20][21]

Originally, the parkway was built and designated all the way to the Bronx–Whitestone Bridge, but the original parkway designs did not allow for commercial traffic. When the bridge was designated I-678, the section between the Bruckner Interchange and the Bronx–Whitestone Bridge had to be converted to Interstate Highway standards. Once that was completed in 1972, that section was assigned the I-678 designation and renamed the Hutchinson River Expressway.[22][23][24] Modifications in 1984 included the straightening of some curves, increased sight distances, removal of the rustic lightposts, and lengthening of acceleration and deceleration lanes.[2] Originally, there was a 10 cent toll in Pelham between exits 7 and 8. The toll was increased to 25 cents in 1958[25] and removed on October 31, 1994, with the last toll collected just before midnight. The tolls were demolished on the Saw Mill River and Hutchinson River parkways in November 1994.[26] In mid-2021, the parkway's exit numbers were changed from sequence-based numbering to mileage-based.[27][28]

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationmi
[1][29][30]
kmOld exitNew exit[31]DestinationsNotes
The BronxThroggs Neck0.000.00
I-678 south (Hutchinson River Expressway) – Whitestone Bridge, Queens, Kennedy Airport
Continues south as the Hutchinson River Expressway; Bruckner Interchange
11A



Bruckner Boulevard to I-95 south (Cross Bronx Expressway) / I-278 west (Bruckner Expressway) – RFK Bridge
I-95 / I-278 not signed northbound
Schuylerville0.701.1321BEast Tremont Avenue / Westchester Avenue
Pelham Bay1.933.113E-W1C-D Pelham Parkway
Baychester2.363.80
4S

2A
Stillwell Avenue

I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Throgs Neck Bridge
Southbound exit and entrance; southbound entrance via East Gun Hill Road
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; Exit 9 on I-95
4N2B
I-95 north / Bartow Avenue – Co-op City, New Haven, CT
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; southbound exit via Baychester Avenue; Exit 9 on I-95
Hutchinson River2.904.67Hutchinson River Drawbridge
Pelham Bay Park3.355.3953Orchard Beach, City Island
4.206.7664A
I-95 north – New Haven, CT
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; Exit 14 on I-95
WestchesterPelham Manor4.547.3174B US 1 (Boston Post Road) – Pelham Manor, New RochelleSigned as Exit 4 southbound; signed as Boston Road northbound; New Rochelle not signed northbound
5.208.3785ASanford Boulevard – Mount Vernon, Pelham ManorSouthbound exit and entrance
Village of Pelham5.318.5595Wolfs Lane – Mount Vernon, PelhamNorthbound exit and entrance
5.538.90105BEast Third Street – Mount Vernon, PelhamSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; northbound entrance via Sparks Avenue
PelhamMount Vernon
village/city line
6.2910.12126AEast Lincoln Avenue – Mount Vernon, PelhamSigned as Exit 6 southbound
6.6710.73136B

Cross County Parkway west to Saw Mill River Parkway – Yonkers
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; Exit 9 on C.C. Parkway
7.1111.44147Hutchinson Boulevard – Mount Vernon
Pelhamdale Avenue / New Rochelle Road – New Rochelle
Southbound exit and entrance
Northbound exit and entrance
Eastchester7.9512.79158
Cross County Parkway west – George Washington Bridge
Southbound exit and northbound entrance; eastern terminus of C.C. Parkway
New Rochelle8.5613.78168Webster Avenue – New RochelleNo southbound exit
8.9414.39179North Avenue – New Rochelle, EastchesterNorthbound exit and entrance
9.3014.9718E-W9A-BMill Road – New Rochelle, EastchesterSouthbound exit and entrance; signed as Exits 9A (east) and 9B (west)
9.9015.93199CWilmot Road – New RochelleSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
New RochelleScarsdale
city/village line
11.1017.8621 NB
20 SB
11 NY 125 (Weaver Street) – Scarsdale, New Rochelle, Larchmontaccess via local roads
Scarsdale12.0919.462212Mamaroneck Road – Scarsdale, Mamaroneck
White PlainsHarrison
city/village line
13.0521.0023S-N13A-BMamaroneck Avenue – Mamaroneck, White PlainsSigned as Exits 13A (south) and 13B (north)
14.5723.452514 NY 127 (North Street) – White Plains, Harrison
Harrison15.6925.2526E-W15A-B I-287 – Rye, White Plains, Port Chester, Mario Cuomo BridgeCloverleaf interchange with Westchester Avenue; signed as Exits 15A (east) and 15B (west); Port Chester not signed southbound
16.0125.7716A
I-684 north – Brewster
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; southern terminus of I-684; access via unsigned NY 984J
16.4126.412716B NY 120 (Purchase Street) – Westchester County AirportSigned as Exit 16 southbound; Westchester County Airport not signed northbound
17.2327.732817Lincoln Avenue – Rye Brook, Harrison, Purchase
Rye Brook17.9628.902918North Ridge Street – Rye Brook
18.7030.0930S NB
27S SB
19A
NY 120A south (King Street) – Rye Brook, Greenwich, Port Chester
Access to NY 120A north via Merritt Parkway Exit 27 (future exit 19B[32])
18.7130.11

Route 15 north / Merritt Parkway north
Continues north in Connecticut as the Merritt Parkway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2014 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 22, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Hutchinson River Parkway Highlights". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  3. ^ "Hutchinson, Anne".
  4. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map) (1961-62 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1961.
  5. ^ New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1962.
  6. ^ a b "Bridge Inventory Manual – Appendix G: State Touring Route Numbers for Named Roads" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  7. ^ "NYDOT Ref Marking" (PDF). Dot.ny.gov. New York Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Microsoft; Nokia (October 7, 2012). "overview map of Hutchinson River Parkway" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  9. ^ "HUTCHINSON PARKWAY TO OPEN ON SATURDAY; Eleven-Mile Highway Will Be an Express Traffic Route Through Westchester". The New York Times. October 21, 1928. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Gallery, University of Rochester Memorial Art; Searl, Marjorie B. (2006). Seeing America: Painting and Sculpture from the Collection of the Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester. University Rochester Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-58046-246-4. Archived from the original on July 31, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  11. ^ "NEW BRONX TRAFFIC LINK; Hutchinson River Parkway Extension Opens Today". The New York Times. December 11, 1937. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  12. ^ Panetta, Roger G. (2006). Westchester: The American Suburb. Fordham Univ Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-8232-2594-1. Archived from the original on July 31, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  13. ^ "New York City Department of Parks Press Releases, January-December 1937". kermitproject.org. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  14. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association.
  15. ^ New York Info-Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Gulf Oil Company. 1940.
  16. ^ New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1940.
  17. ^ "New York City Department of Parks Press Releases, July-December 1941". kermitproject.org. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  18. ^ Official Highway Map of New York State (Map) (1947–48 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. State of New York Department of Public Works.
  19. ^ New York with Pictorial Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1942.
  20. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map) (1961–62 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1961.
  21. ^ New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1962.
  22. ^ New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Sinclair Oil Corporation. 1962.
  23. ^ New York Happy Motoring Guide (Map) (1963 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1963.
  24. ^ Public Papers . State Printers. 1972. Archived from the original on July 31, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  25. ^ Steinberg, Jacques (June 8, 1994). "Albany Leaders Strike Deal to End 25¦-Tolls on Hutchinson and Saw Mill River Parkways". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  26. ^ "Tolls Abolished and Smiley Face Exits the Saw Mill Parkway". The New York Times. November 13, 1994. p. WC2.
  27. ^ Keane, Isabel (July 30, 2021). "Exit signs change to mileage-based system along the Hutchinson River Parkway". Rockland/Westchester Journal News. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  28. ^ "Old numbers make their exit on Hutchinson River Parkway". Pelham Examiner. July 23, 2021. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  29. ^ "Bronx County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. August 7, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  30. ^ Google (January 14, 2020). "Hutchinson River Parkway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  31. ^ "Hutchinson River Parkway Guide Signs, Bruckner Interchange to Connecticut Line, S.H. Various, Bronx, Westchester Counties, Contract D264231". New York State Department of Transportation. January 31, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  32. ^ "Hutchinson River Parkway Guide Signs, Bruckner Interchange to Connecticut Line, S.H. Various, Bronx, Westchester Counties, Contract D264231" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. January 31, 2020. p. 39. Retrieved July 11, 2021.

External links[edit]

Route map:

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