Hutsul Republic

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Hutsul Republic
Гуцульська республіка
Unrecognized state
1919


Flag

Approximate territory of the Hutsul Republic (red) within
today's Zakarpattia Oblast, itself shown within Ukraine below.
Capital Yasinia
Languages Ukrainian
Government Republic
President Stepan Klochurak
Historical era World War I
 •  Established 8 January 1919
 •  Disestablished 11 June 1919
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Austria-Hungary
West Ukrainian People's Republic
Czechoslovakia
Today part of  Ukraine

The Hutsul Republic was a short-lived state, formed in the aftermath of World War I. The republic was declared on January 8, 1919, when original plans to unite this area with the Western Ukrainian People's Republic failed and the territory was occupied by Hungarian police.[1]

Czechoslovakia between 1919 and 1938, with Subcarpathian Ruthenia shown in blue.

Creation[edit]

Hutsul uprising
Part of the Polish–Ukrainian War
Date 7–8 January 1919
Location Hutsul Republic (today Zakarpattia Oblast)
Result Hutsul victory
Belligerents
Hutsul Republic  Hungarian Democratic Republic
Commanders and leaders
Stepan Klochurak Hungarian People's Republic (1918–19) Mihály Károlyi
Strength
Unknown 620
Casualties and losses
Unknown 500 captured

On the night of January 7–8, 1919 the local population of Rakhiv rose against the Hungarian gendarme battalion, taking into custody some 500 Hungarian policemen. General Stepan Klochurak was elected prime minister of the republic. He was also active in organizing the armed forces of the republic, which consisted of nearly 1,000 soldiers[2] The army waged a brief war in the adjacent lands of Maramures. In April 1919 most of Carpathian Ruthenia joined Czechoslovakia as an autonomous territory, while its easternmost territory (Hutsul Republic) was de facto a breakaway state.

Romanian invasion[edit]

Romanian invasion of the Hutsul Republic
Part of the Polish–Ukrainian War
Date 11 June 1919
Location Hutsul Republic (today Zakarpattia Oblast)
Result Romanian victory
Belligerents
Hutsul Republic Romania Romania
Commanders and leaders
Stepan Klochurak Romania Ferdinand I
Strength
1,100 Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The state finally failed when it was occupied temporarily by Romanian troops on 11 June 1919. The territory claimed by this state became part of the First Czechoslovak Republic in September 1919. Just for a day, a second Ukrainian state named Carpatho-Ukraine claimed its independence but was occupied for a second time by Hungarian troops between March 1938 and the autumn of 1944. At the conclusion of World War II, the region became the Carpathian Oblast of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Magocsi, Paul Robert; Pop, Ivan I. (June 2002). Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture (book). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 237–238. ISBN 978-0-8020-3566-0. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  2. ^ Klochurak, Stepan (1978). Do Voli (Strive for freedom : Memories) (book) (in Ukrainian). New York: The Carpathian Alliance. OCLC 17608529.