View of Hvalfjörður
Coat of arms of Hvalfjarðarsveit
Location of Hvalfjarðarsveit
|Established||1 June 2006|
|Area||494 km2 (191 sq mi)|
|Population||612 (1 december 2013)|
|Density||1.24/km2 (3.2/sq mi)|
The shores of Hvalfjörður, Faxaflói and Borgarfjörður form the region's southern and western borders. Hvalfjarðarsveit additionally borders the municipalities of Kjósarhreppur in the south, Akranes in the west, as well as Borgarbyggð and Skorradalshreppur in the north, and Bláskógabyggð in the highlands to the east.
Prominent mountains in Hvalfjarðarsveit (from west to east) include Akrafjall, Hafnarfjall, Skarðsheiði and Botnssúlur. Notable lakes lakes (from west to east) include Lake Eiði, Hólmavatn, Eyrarvatn, Glammastaðavatn, Geitabergsvatn and Hvalvatn. Iceland's tallest waterfall, Glymur, forms part of the river Botnsá that runs from Hvalvatn into the eastern bottom of Hvalfjörður.
Although the region is mostly rural and scarcely populated, Grundartangi industrial area contains a significant part of Iceland's heavy industry, and one of the country's largest ports. The port of Grundartangi opened in 1978, is operated by Faxaflóahafnir and owned by some of the neighbouring municipalities.
A ferrosilicon plant began operations in 1979 and is now the world's second largest producer, operated by Elkem, a subsidiary of China National Bluestar Group. An aluminium plant began operations in 1998, operated by Norðurál, a subsidiary of Century Aluminum. Silicor Materials is currently planning to construct a solar silicon plant at Grundartangi.
- "Sameining sveitarfélaga sunnan Skarðsheiðar" (in Icelandic). Ministry of Welfare (Velferðarráðuneytið). Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Web maps of the National Land Survery of Iceland" (in Icelandic). National Land Survey of Iceland (Landmælingar Íslands). Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Population by urban nuclei, age and sex 1 January 2011-2016". Statistics Iceland (Hagstofa Íslands). 1 January 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Faxaflóahafnir official webpage". Faxaflóahafnir (port authority of Reykjavik). Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Grundartangahöfn: Skipulag og starfsemi" (pdf) (in Icelandic). Faxaflóahafnir (port authority of Reykjavik). Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "About Elkem Foundry Products". Elkem Iceland. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Our shareholders". Elkem. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Norðurál official webpage". Norðurál. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Grundartangi is absolutely gorgeous". Icelandic Times. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Mengun við þolmörk á Grundartanga" (in Icelandic). Vísir. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- Official website (Icelandic)
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