Hverfjall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hverfjall
HverfellInnerCrater.jpg
The Hverfjall crater from the south
Highest point
Elevation420 m (1,380 ft)
Coordinates65°36′00″N 16°53′00″W / 65.60000°N 16.88333°W / 65.60000; -16.88333Coordinates: 65°36′00″N 16°53′00″W / 65.60000°N 16.88333°W / 65.60000; -16.88333
Geography
LocationIceland
Geology
Mountain typeTephra cone, tuff ring volcano
Last eruption2500 BP
Trails to Hverfjall

Hverfjall (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈkʰvɛrˌfjatl̥]; also known as Hverfell [ˈkʰvɛrˌfɛtl̥]) is a tephra cone or tuff ring volcano in northern Iceland, to the east of Mývatn.

It erupted in 2500 BP in the southern part of the Krafla fissure swarm.[1] The crater is approximately 1 km in diameter.[2]

Tephra has been carried from Hverfjall all over the Mývatn area. A landslide apparently occurred in the south part of the crater during the eruption, which accounts for the disruption to the round shape of the mountain.[citation needed] During the Age of Settlement, lava flowed from Svörtuborgir [ˈsvœr̥tʏˌpɔrcɪr̥], at the southern end of Námafjall [ˈnauːmaˌfjatl̥], around Hverfjall, which was nearly engulfed by the lava. At the same time an eruption occurred in the slopes above the valley of Hlíðardalur [ˈl̥iːðarˌtaːlʏr̥].[citation needed]

The rim of the crater is only accessible by two paths, from the northwest and south. It is strictly forbidden to use other routes in ascent or descent.

References[edit]

Inner rim of Hverfjall.
  1. ^ The Hverfjall fissure eruption Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 29 October 2008
  2. ^ Rough Guide on Hverfjall[permanent dead link] Accessed 29 October 2008

External links[edit]

Media related to Hverfjall at Wikimedia Commons