Hvittingfoss

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Hvittingfoss

Hvittingfoss is a village in the municipality of Kongsberg in Buskerud, Norway. Hvittingfoss has traditionally been associated with the manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products.[1]

History[edit]

Prior to the municipal merger in 1964, Hvittingfoss was in Ytre Sandsvær. Hvittingfoss borders Lardal and Hof. Hvittingfoss is located about 30 kilometers from Kongsberg. The river Numedalslågen runs through the village. The village population (2005) is 1,016.

Industrial development was driven by the waterfalls of Hvittingfoss as far back as the 17th century. In 1651, there were reportedly five sawmills in the northern waterfall, called Nord-fossen. The royal privileges of Vittingfossen was given to the counts in Jarlsberg and Larvik. Industrialist Christian August Anker (1840-1912) developed Hønefoss Træsliberi which started its production of wood pulp in 1881.[2]

The pulp and paper group Edward Lloyd Limited, owner of Lloyd's Illustrated London Newspaper and the Daily Chronicle in London, operated huge paper mills in Kemsley, England. The firm bought Hønefoss Træsliberi in 1902 in order to obtain a ready supply of wood pulp. In 1906, the Lloyd company built a paper mill on Hvittingfoss with a capacity of approx. 2000 ton press of thin paper for the Asian market. In 1916, the Lloyd firm sold all plants and waterfalls rights to a consortium led by a Captain Hjalmar Johansen. The Lloyd interests reserved the right to lease and operate the plants for 14 years. In 1932 the Lloyd company completed its business on Hvittingfoss after 30 years of operation.[3]

Vittingfoss kraftverk

Vittingfoss power plant[edit]

Vittingfoss power plant (Vittingfoss kraftverk) is located on the Numedalslågen just off the center of Hvittingfoss. The power plant was a built in conjunction with a dam in 1910. The plant has four units, all with vertical Francis turbines; the two eldest of approximately 4.5 MW each were put into operation in 1919 and 1920, the third (4.8 MW) in 1949 and the fourth (6.8 MW) in 1981.[4]

Tuft Church

Tuft Church[edit]

Tuft Church (Tuft kyrkje) is located just outside Hvittingfoss. The church was erected in 1880. The edifice is made of brick and has 150 seats. It was constructed as a replacement for Tupta Kirkja a stave church which had dated to the 1200s.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Hvittingfoss". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Christian August Anker". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  3. ^ Edward Lloyd (Grace's Guide)
  4. ^ Knut A Rosvold. "Vittingfoss kraftverk". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 
  5. ^ Sigrid Marie Christie, Håkon Christie. "Tuft kirke". Norges Kirker. Retrieved October 1, 2016. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Anker-Rasch, Ole (2006) Christian August Anker - Industripioner og grunder fra Rød Herregård (Oslo: Andresen & Butenssschøn)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°29′N 10°01′E / 59.483°N 10.017°E / 59.483; 10.017