Hwang (Korean surname)

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Revised Romanization Hwang
McCune–Reischauer Hwang

Hwang is a Korean family name derived from the Chinese surname Huang. Hwangs make up roughly 1.4% of the Korean population; the 2000 South Korean census found 644,294 in that country. The Chinese character for Hwang means "yellow".


In the traditional Korean clan system, which is still the basis of family registry in South Korea, each clan is distinguished by its bon-gwan (본관,本貫). In general, bon-gwan originates from the progenitor's settlement. In Korea, typically, each family name has many bon-gwans. Bon-gwan's expression is progenitor's settlement plus their family name plus Ssi (씨-氏, It is last name's delimiter symbol).

The Korean Hwang surname originates from Hwang Rak (황락,黃洛). Hwang Rak was the envoy of China during the Han Dynasty. He was shipping from China to Vietnam in AD 28. But the ship had struggled against the wind and waves in the sea. In this Result, Hwang Rak had drifted the sea. Finally, He was arrived Korea during the Silla Dynasty. This place is Pyeong-Hae(평해,平海), GyeongSang-BukDo, in South Korea. He inaturalized as a Silla citizen. He also becomes a progenitor of Hwang(황) in Korea. He graves GulMi-Bong(봉,峰,peak), 423-8 BunJi, Wolsong-Ri, PyeongHae-Eub, WolJin-Kun, KyeongSang-BukDo, Korea. But, Only altar remains in current now. Royal lineage derived from Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang and the Yellow Emperor. [1] Hwang-Rak had three sons. These name are Gab-Go(갑고,甲古), Eul-Go(을고,乙古), Byung-Go(丙古). Gab-Go is the eldest son. He remains in Pyeong-Hae. Eul-Go the second son settles in Jang-Su. Gab-Go the third son settle in Chang-Won. Therefore, The three major Korea Hwang's Bon-Gwan Made. There are the Pyeong-Hae(평해,平海) Hwang Ssi(황씨,黃氏), the Jang-Su(장수,張水) Hwang Ssi, and the Chang-Won(창원,昌原) Hwang Ssi. In current, Fifty-Five Korea Hwang's Bon-Gwan were derived from the three major Korea Hwang's Bon-Gwan.

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