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13 September 1940|
|Revised Romanization||Hwang Insik|
Hwang In-shik (born September 13, 1940) is a Korean actor and hapkido teacher. He is known for his work in various Hong Kong martial arts films such as Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon, Jackie Chan's The Young Master and Angela Mao's Hapkido. He was awarded a 10th degree black belt, the highest rank possible in the art, by the World Hapkido Federation.[when?]
Born in Sunch'ŏn, north of Pyongyang in present-day North Korea, Hwang In-shik and his family moved to Seoul while he was still a young child and it was there that he was first introduced to the martial arts, first to Tang Soo Do and then, when he was 13 years old, to Korean hapkido.
Hwang identifies his teacher as Choi Yong-sool, the founder of the art. According to Kim Hyung-sang of the Ulchikwan dojang, Hwang's first teacher was Kim Yong-jin. Hwang In-shik achieved his black belt grading at age 16 and was sent shortly thereafter to the Korea Hapkido Association headquarters presided over by Ji Han-Jae. A very important time in the history of the development of the art, many of the prime movers in hapkido today were his seniors there including Han Bong-soo, Kim Chong-sung and Myung Kwang-sik. Hwang was known in particular at this time for his superlative kicking ability.
He was eventually promoted to 7th dan in 1976 by the Republic of Korea Hapkido Association (Dae Han Min Gook Hapkido Hyub Hwe) and was appointed as chief instructor for the association headquarters. In this capacity he became an influential and well known teacher of the art.
Hong Kong cinema
Hong Kong film maker Huang Feng brought Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan, Tang Wei-cheng, Hu Yin-yin, Angela Mao, Chang Yi and Chin Hsiang-lin to Seoul for a location shoot in 1972. Huang Feng was also looking for impressive new techniques to infuse into the Hong Kong action sequences and so he had his stars train at the Korea hapkido headquarters for about four months under Hwang and KHA leader Ji Han-jae.
Many of the impressive kicking techniques we see in Hong Kong cinema today are a result of the cross cultural influence of this time. Sammo Hung had a particular affinity for the training and some of his signature techniques such as his jumping double front kick come directly from the hapkido syllabus.
Impressed by the talents of the hapkido practitioners, both Hwang In-shik and Ji Han-jae were invited by Huang Feng to come to Hong Kong to develop a film idea inspired by the director's experiences in Korea. The film, made in 1972, was titled Hapkido and is known abroad under the English title Lady Kung-fu. It starred Angela Mao, Sammo Hung and Carter Wong (Huang Chia-da).
In the film, both Ji and Hwang basically play themselves, hapkido master and foremost student teaching the art to a group Chinese students. Subsequent films such as Fist of Unicorn (1973), also featured both Hwang In-shik and Ji Han-jae playing different roles.
Hwang went on to star in his own right in a number of films, the first stage of his career ending after the death of Bruce Lee who Hwang had been in talks with concerning a part in the Game of Death the week that Lee died. (Hwang had also appeared briefly in Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon in 1972, as a Japanese karate expert.) Hwang returned to Korea, and for the next few years starred in a series of Korean martial arts movies, including A Wandering Hero, Black Leopard and Black Spider. Hwang then immigrated to Canada and opened up a dojang in the city of Toronto, retiring from cinema.
Later, Jackie Chan, a stuntman from Hwang's early films, successfully rose to prominence in the Hong Kong film world and managed to coax Hwang out of retirement to film The Young Master (1980), featuring in its original form a 15-minute fight scene between Chan and Hwang, and Dragon Lord (1982), where Hwang also played a villain opposing Chan.
His work in Hong Kong cinema helped promote hapkido both in China and Korea.
Life in Canada
In 1976, Hwang immigrated to Canada and started a family. He opened a dojang in one location and then moved shortly thereafter to the Greek area of Toronto known as the Danforth, where he still continues to teach and train on a daily basis.
- Lee, Daniel. Hwang In-Shik: The Movie star and the Man. Martial Arts Movies Vol.2, No.8, CFW Enterprises. Hollywood, California 1982.
- Kimm, He-Young. Hapkido (alternately The Hapkido Bible). Andrew Jackson Press, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1991
- Entry in Korean Movie Database. retrieved May 10, 2007
- Meyers, Ric and Palmer, Bill. Martial Arts Movies: From Bruce Lee To The Ninja. Citadel Press. 1985.