Hwang Pyong-so

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Hwang Pyong-so
황병서
Hwang Pyong-So.jpg
Hwang in October 2014
Vice Chairman of the
Central Military Commission
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un
Preceded by Choe Ryong-hae
Director of the General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army
In office
26 April 2014 – 9 February 2018
Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un
Preceded by Choe Ryong-hae
Succeeded by Kim Jong-gak
Vice Chairman of the
State Affairs Commission
In office
29 June 2016 – 9 February 2018
Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Choe Ryong-hae
Vice Chairman of the
National Defence Commission
In office
9 April 2014 – 29 June 2016
Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un
Preceded by Choe Ryong-hae
Succeeded by Commission abolished
Personal details
Born c. 1949 (aged 68-69)
Political party Workers’ Party of Korea
Military service
Allegiance  North Korea
Service/branch Flag of the North Korean People's Army.svg Korean People’s Army
Rank Vice-Marshal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Vice Marshal
Hwang Pyong-so
Chosŏn'gŭl 황병서
Hancha 黃炳誓
Revised Romanization Hwang Byeongseo
McCune–Reischauer Hwang Pyŏngsŏ

Hwang Pyong-so (born c. 1949)[1][2] is a former North Korean general and politician who held the rank of Vice Marshal (Korean: 차수, Ch'asu) in the Korean People's Army (KPA). He was a member of the Presidium of the Workers' Party of Korea and the top-ranking vice-chairman of the State Affairs Commission.

Biography[edit]

In September 2010, Hwang was appointed an alternate member of the Party Central Committee, holding the position of deputy head of the Organization and Guidance Department since the early 2000s with a military and security portfolio. In March 2014 he was elected to the Supreme People's Assembly during the 2014 SPA election; during the same month, he was identified as the first vice-director of the party organization department.

On April 28, 2014 Korean Central News Agency reported that the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea and National Defense Commission promoted Hwang to the rank of vice marshal in the Korean People's Army (KPA) on April 26. He was first seen wearing the four stars of a full general on April 15, meaning he moved up two ranks – from colonel general in a short time. In an April 27 KCNA report on an artillery drill, Hwang was referred to for the first time as a member of the party Central Military Commission.[3] Later on May 1 he was revealed to be the new chief of the General Political Bureau of the KPA, considered the most senior position in the military after the supreme commander. On September 25 he also replaced former No. 2 Choe Ryong-hae in his last military capacity as first vice-chairman of the National Defence Commission, retaining the position as the NDC was transformed into the State Affairs Commission on 29 June 2016. On 18 February 2015 he was elevated to the top Presidium during a Politburo meeting. Hwang Pyong-so is seen as a key aide to Kim Jong-un.

Hwang is widely reported to have been a university classmate of Kim's aunt Kim Kyong-hui and reportedly maintained close ties with Kim Jong-un’s mother Ko Yong-hui.[4]

Hwang's appearance at the closing ceremony of the 2014 Asian Games in the absence of Kim Jong Un, and his subsequent trip to South Korea, has led to speculation in the Western press about his current role within the North Korean government.[5][6]

As of November 2017, Hwang, once one of Kim’s most-trusted advisers, is facing unspecified punishment. [7] On 9 February 2018, North Korean media confirmed that Hwang Pyong-so had been replaced by Kim Jong-gak as the Director of the General Political Bureau of the KPA.[8]

Hwang was soon rehabilitated, reappearing in public in February 2018.[9]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Choe Ryong-hae
Director of the KPA General Political Bureau
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Kim Jong-gak