|Highest elevation||770 m (2,530 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (CAT)|
Hwange (formerly Wankie) is a town in Zimbabwe, located in Hwange District, in Matabeleland North Province, in northwestern Zimbabwe, close to the international borders with Botswana and Zambia. It lies approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, southeast of Victoria Falls, the nearest large city. The town lies on the railway line from Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second-largest city, to Victoria Falls. Hwange sits at an elevation of 770 metres (2,530 ft), above sea level.
The town houses the offices of Hwange Town Council, as well as the headquarters of Hwange District Administration. Hwange and the surrounding countryside is a centre for the industry in Zimbabwe. Hwange Colliery is the largest in the country, with proven reserves that are estimated to last over 1,000 years, at current production levels. The Wankie Coal Field, one of the largest in the world, was discovered here in 1895 by the American Scout Frederick Russell Burnham. Today the coal for the whole country is transported by the mining railway to Thomson Junction, where it is handed over to the National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) for onward transmission. In 2010, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique signed an agreement to develop a railway for the export of coal to Technobanine Point near Maputo. The cost per tonne of rail transport to the coast amounts to ten times the coast of extraction.
Hwange is also a tourism centre due to the presence of the nearby Hwange National Park, the largest National Park in Zimbabwe. The national park is home to a vast number of elephant, giraffe, lion and other wildlife. Royal Bank Zimbabwe, a commercial bank, maintains a branch in the town. Zimbabwe's biggest power plant, Hwange Thermal Power Station, was built here in the 1980s.
The town is named after the chieftain of Zwange, who is now called Chief Hwange. The town was known as Wankie until 1982.
Wankie Coal Mine Disaster
In June 1972, the deadliest mining disaster in the country's history took place when an underground explosion occurred in Wankie No.2 Colliery. Four hundred and twenty-seven miners lost their lives; three hundred and ninety-one Africans and thirty-six Europeans. Apart from the one hundred and seventy-six Rhodesians who died, there were ninety-one Zambians, fifty-two from Mozambique, thirty-seven from Malawi, thirty Tanzanians, thirteen from South West Africa, and one from Botswana.
The current population of the town in not publicly known. According to the 1992 Population Census, the town had a population of 42,581. In 2015, the population of Hwange was estimated at 38,000.
|Climate data for Hwange (1961–1990)|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.2
|Average low °C (°F)||18.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||145.1
|Average rainy days||12||10||7||3||1||0||0||0||1||3||7||12||56|
|Source: World Meteorological Organization|
First-class cricket has been played in Hwange, at the well established cricket venue located in the town, the Tom Kenton Oval, home of the Hwange (Wankie) cricket club. Earlier called the Wankie Oval. Hwange Colliery F.C. (formerly known as Wankie Colliery F.C.) is a Hwange- based Premier Soccer League club, promoted to division One in 2009.
- Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency. "2012 Census Provincial Report: Matabeleland North". Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Distance between Hwange () and Victoria Falls () (Zimbabwe)". distancecalculator.globefeed.com. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Elevation of Hwange Above Sea Level".
- John Hays Hammond (1935). The Autobiography of John Hays Hammond. Farrar & Rinehart. p. 272. ISBN 0-405-05913-2.
- Branches of Royal Bank Zimbabwe Archived 26 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Wankie mine disaster report by G. J. Livingstone-Blevins 'Four Days In June'" (PDF).
- "List of Casualties" (PDF).
- Clifford Dupont (1978). The Reluctant President: The Memoirs of the Hon. Clifford Dupont, GCLM., ID. Books of Rhodesia Publishing Co. (Pvt) Ltd. pp. 222–224. ISBN 0-86920-183-2.
- "Wolfram-Alpha: Making the world's knowledge computable". www.wolframalpha.com.
- Next Population Census In Zimbabwe Scheduled For August 2012[dead link]
- "World Weather Information Service – Hwange". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 13 May 2016.