The district is located in Matabeleland North Province, in northwest Zimbabwe, bordering Botswana and the Republic of Zambia. Its main town, Hwange, is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, southeast west of Victoria, the nearest large city.
Hwange District is primarily a mining district. Large coal deposits are found in the district and several large coal mines are located there, including Hwange Colliery, the largest coal mine in Zimbabwe. The district headquarters is located in Hwange, a city which lies of the Bulawayo-Victoria Falls Road, (Highway A-8), with an estimated population of 33,210 as of 2004.
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