Hyacinth of Poland

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Saint

Hyacinth

O.P.
Carracci Saint Hyacinth.jpg
Apparition of the Virgin to Saint Hyacinth, Ludovico Carracci (1592), in the Louvre Museum
Religious, priest, confessor
and Apostle of the North
Bornca. 1185
Kamień Śląski, Silesia
Died15 August 1257
Kraków, Poland
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church, Aglipayan Church
Canonized17 April 1594 by Pope Clement VIII
Feast17 August
AttributesHolding a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary along with a monstrance or ciborium[1]
PatronageLithuania, University of Santo Tomas-College of Tourism and Hospitality Management, weightlifting, those in danger of drowning, pierogi

Hyacinth (Polish: Święty Jacek or Jacek Odrowąż; ca. 1185 – 15 August 1257) was a Polish Dominican priest and missionary who worked to reform women's monasteries in his native Poland. He was a Doctor of Sacred Studies, educated in Paris and Bologna.

Life[edit]

Called the "Apostle of the North", Hyacinth was the son of Eustachius Konski of the noble family of Odrowąż. He was born in 1185 at the castle of Lanka, at Kamień, in Silesia, Poland. A near relative of Blessed Ceslaus, he made his studies in notable cities: Kraków, Prague, and Bologna, and at the latter place merited the title of Doctor of Law and Divinity. On his return to Poland he was given a prebend at Sandomierz, a medieval centre of administration in the south-eastern part of the country. He subsequently accompanied his uncle Ivo Konski, the Bishop of Kraków, to Rome.[2]

While in Rome, he witnessed a miracle performed by Dominic of Osma, and became a Dominican friar, along with Ceslaus and two attendants of the Bishop of Kraków, Herman and Henry. In 1219 Pope Honorius III invited Dominic and his followers to take up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220. Before that time, the friars had only a temporary residence in Rome at the convent of San Sisto Vecchio which Honorius III had given to Dominic in about 1218, intending it to be used for a reformation of Roman nuns under Dominic's guidance. Hyacinth and his companions were among the first to enter the convent. They were also the first alumni of the studium of the Dominican Order at Santa Sabina out of which would grow the 16th century College of Saint Thomas at Santa Maria sopra Minerva, which became the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in the 20th century. After an abbreviated novitiate, Hyacinth and his companions received the religious habit of the Order from Dominic himself in 1220.[2]

The young friars were then sent back to their homeland to establish the Dominican Order in Poland and Kiev. As Hyacinth and his three companions traveled back to Kraków, he set up new monasteries with his companions as superiors, until finally he was the only one left to continue on to Kraków. Hyacinth went throughout northern Europe spreading the faith. He died in the year 1257.[3] Tradition holds that he also evangelized throughout Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Prussia, Scotland, Russia, Turkey, and Greece. However, these travels are heavily disputed and are not supported by the earliest lives of St. Hyacinth.

Legend[edit]

St. Hyacinth with a monstrance and a statue of Mary, a detail from Three Dominican Saints by Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (1738), in the Gesuati Church, Venice, Italy

One of the major miracles attributed to Hyacinth came about during a Mongol attack on Kiev. As the friars prepared to flee the invading forces, Hyacinth went to save the ciborium containing the Blessed Sacrament from the tabernacle in the monastery chapel, when he heard the voice of Mary, the mother of Jesus, asking him to take her, too.

Hyacinth lifted the large, stone statue of Mary, as well as the ciborium. He was easily able to carry both, despite the fact that the statue weighed far more than he could normally lift. Thus he saved them both. For this reason he is usually shown holding a monstrance (though they did not come into use until several centuries later).[4] and a statue of Mary.[5]

The Polish exclamation Święty Jacku z pierogami! ("St. Hyacinth and his pierogi!") is an old-time saying, a call for help in some hopeless circumstance.[6] It has derived from two legends. One of them is about his visit on July 13, 1238 to Kościelec. During his visit a hailstorm broke out, destroying crops and leaving people with the terrible prospect of poverty and famine. Hyacinth told them to pray. Next day the crops were miraculously restored. The people then treated Hyacinth to pierogi made from those crops as a token of gratitude. The second legend mentions Hyacinth feeding people with pierogi during a famine caused by the Mongol invasion of 1241.[7]

Veneration[edit]

The tomb of Hyacinth is in the Basilica of Holy Trinity in Krakow, Poland, in a chapel that bears his name.[8]

Hyacinth was canonized on 17 April 1594 by Pope Clement VIII,[2] and his memorial day is celebrated on 17 August. In 1686 Pope Innocent XI named him a patron of Lithuania. He is the patron saint of those in danger of drowning.

In Spanish-language countries, Hyacinth is known as San Jacinto. However, most of the numerous towns and locations in Spanish-speaking countries that are so named are named for the early Christian martyr Hyacinth of Caesarea.

Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto

He is also the patron saint of the Ermita de Piedra de San Jacinto in the Philippine city of Tuguegarao, where his feast day is celebrated with a procession and folk dance contests.[9] The town of Camalaniugan in the Philippines is also under the saint's patronage. The town church dedicated to Saint Hyacinth is home to the oldest church bell in the Far East, the "Sancta Maria," which dates from 1595.[9]

The town of San Jacinto, in Yaguachi, Ecuador, has had Saint Hyacinth as its patron saint since the 15th century. The Cathedral San Jacinto de Yaguachi in the town is dedicated to the saint, which holds some of his relics given to the Archbishop of Guayaquil by Pope John Paul II in the 1980s.[10]

Among notable churches in North America dedicated to Hyacinth of Poland is St. Hyacinth's Basilica in Chicago, Illinois.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stracke, Richard (2015-10-20). "Saint Hyacinth: The Iconography". Christian Iconography.
  2. ^ a b c Mershman, Francis (1910). "St. Hyacinth". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ Fabyan Windeatt, Mary (2009). St. Hyacinth of Poland. TAN Books. ISBN 978-0895554222.
  4. ^ "Ostensorium (Monstrance)". Catholic Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ "St. Hyacinth". Saints.SPQN.com. 2008-12-26.
  6. ^ "Św. Jacku z pierogami". Gazeta Wrocławska (in Polish). 2009-08-21.
  7. ^ "O cudach św. Jacka, który karmił krakowian pierogami". Gazeta Krakowska (in Polish). 2013-08-15.
  8. ^ DiPippo, Gregory (2011-08-17). "The Dominican Church of the Holy Trinity in Krakow". New Liturgical Movement. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
  9. ^ a b Aquino, Amir (2017-08-21). "San Jacinto: 10 Things about the Patron Saint of Tuguegarao City". The Northern Forum. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
  10. ^ "San Jacinto de Yaguachi Church (Yaguachi Canton)". Guayaquil es mi Destino. Retrieved 2020-02-24.

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