Hyanggyo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hyanggyo
Daeseongjeon of Jeonju Hyanggyo.jpg
Daeseongjeon Hall of Jeonju Hyanggyo in Jeonju, Jeollabuk-do.
Korean name
Hangul
향교
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHyanggyo
McCune–ReischauerHyanggyo

The Hyanggyo were government-run provincial schools established separately during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) and Joseon Dynasty (July 1392 - August 1910), but did not meet with widespread success in either dynasty. They were officially closed near the end of the Joseon Dynasty, in 1894, but many were reopened as public elementary schools in 1900.

In the Joseon Dynasty, hyanggyo were established in every bu, mok, daedohobu, dohobu, gun, and hyeon (the last corresponding roughly to the size of modern-day cities and counties). They served primarily the children of the yangban, or ruling elite upper-class. Education was oriented toward the gwageo, or national civil service examinations. Although such education was in high demand, the hyanggyo were ultimately unable to compete with the privately run seowon and seodang.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 향교 鄕校 [Hyanggyo] (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10.

External links[edit]