Hyannis, Massachusetts

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Hyannis, Massachusetts
Village
A sailboat in Hyannis Harbor
A sailboat in Hyannis Harbor
Location of ZIP code 02601 Hyannis within the Town of Barnstable, county, and state
Location of ZIP code 02601 Hyannis within the Town of Barnstable, county, and state
Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 70°17′0″W / 41.65278°N 70.28333°W / 41.65278; -70.28333Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 70°17′0″W / 41.65278°N 70.28333°W / 41.65278; -70.28333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Barnstable
Town Barnstable
Area
 • Total 9.40 sq mi (24.34 km2)
 • Land 8.60 sq mi (22.27 km2)
 • Water 0.80 sq mi (2.07 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,089 [1]
 • Density 1,638.6/sq mi (632.65/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 02601
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-31820
GNIS feature ID 619333

Hyannis /ˌhˈænɪs/ is the largest of the seven villages in the town of Barnstable, Massachusetts, in the United States. It is the commercial and transportation hub of Cape Cod and was designated an urban area as of the 1990 census.[2][3] Because of this, many refer to Hyannis as the "Capital of the Cape". It contains a majority of the Barnstable Town offices and two important shopping districts: the historic downtown Main Street and the Route 132 Commercial District, including Cape Cod Mall and Independence Park, headquarters of Cape Cod Potato Chips. Cape Cod Hospital in Hyannis is the largest on Cape Cod.

Hyannis is a major tourist destination and the primary ferry boat and general aviation link for passengers and freight to Nantucket Island. Hyannis also provides secondary passenger access to the island of Martha's Vineyard, with the primary passenger access to Martha's Vineyard being located in Woods Hole, a village in the nearby town of Falmouth. Due to its large natural harbor, Hyannis is the largest recreational boating and second largest commercial fishing port on Cape Cod, behind only Provincetown.

The village is the namesake of the former United States Naval ship USS Hyannis (YTB-817).

History[edit]

The village was named after Iyannough, a sachem of the Cummaquid tribe.[4][5]

Drinking water[edit]

In 2007, the town water was found to contain perchlorate.[6] In 2009, Barnstable public works requested that the fire academy[which?] cease their operations.[7] In 2010, Well MD2 had been shut down "until contamination issues caused by the Fire Training Academy [were] addressed".[8]:2

In April 2015, the town's Mary Dunn wellfield near a fire training academy was found to be contaminated with perfluorooctane sulfonate, and well use was suspended until costly emergency filtration with two carbon treatment units could be started.[7] Two wells, at Hyannisport and West Hyannisport, were closed.[9]

A six-month overland interconnection with Yarmouth's water system was suggested in May and constructed in June 2015.[9] In November 2015, the county suspended the Barnstable County Fire and Rescue Training Academy which is up gradient of the wells.[7] but in February 2016, it still remained open.[10]

In May 2016, the Town of Barnstable issued a drinking water health advisory, for PFOS and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) of 0.18 parts per billion in the Mary Dunn #3 well, which was taken offline.[11]

Demographics[edit]

In 2010, Hyannis had a total population of 14,089, living in 8,406 households. 19.80% of Hyannis' total 10,922 housing units were seasonally vacant. Hyannis had a disproportionate share of multi-family properties in comparison to the town and the county. Hyannis had an owner-occupancy rate of 58.3%, which was nearly 20 percentage points lower than that indicated for the town or the county. This difference is associated primarily with the amount of apartment properties in the village. A decline in younger, family formation households was attributed to the lack of suitable employment opportunities and "affordable" housing. The median value of owner-occupied housing units in Hyannis in 2000 was $149,720. The gross median rent in Hyannis was $718/month. In 2002, the median price for a single family home in Hyannis was $196,000.[citation needed]

Median head of household income was $38,467. 15.9% of households earned more than $75,000. 14.6% of Hyannis population lived below the poverty line. 18.74% were over 65 years old. Unemployment in Hyannis was 3.8% of the labor force. Hyannis is growing at the upper end and the lower end of the age cohorts, and although there has been an increase in persons 25 to 44 years of age, this has not necessarily been reflected in income change, as Hyannis witnessed an increase in the number of households earning $10,000 to $15,000 and a gain in the number of persons and families below the poverty level.[12]

Education[edit]

Hyannis is home to Barnstable High School, the largest high school on Cape Cod. The school serves students in grades 8-12 and has an approximate enrollment of 2,400. Other high schools include Sturgis Charter Public School, a charter school featuring the International Baccalaureate program, and Pope John Paul II High School, the first and only college preparatory Catholic high school on Cape Cod. It is a part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River. Trinity Christian Academy, which recently opened a high school, is also located in Hyannis. Saint Francis Xavier Preparatory School is a prep middle school. Cape Cod Community College, in nearby West Barnstable, is a two-year community college, known locally as "4-C's".

Transportation[edit]

Hyannis Harbor at night

Hyannis is the main point of origin for ferry service to Nantucket. The Steamship Authority runs a year-round two and a half hour auto ferry service to Nantucket. The island can also be reached by a passenger-only, one-hour catamaran trip run by the Steamship Authority (seasonal) and Hy-Line Cruises (year-round). Hy-Line also runs a catamaran to Martha's Vineyard in season. One of the world's first Roll-On and Roll-Off ferries, the Searoad of Hyannis operated in 1956 from Hyannis to Nantucket, with the capability to transport three loaded semi-trailers in any weather.[13]

Barnstable Municipal Airport (Airport code HYA) is the main air transportation hub for Cape Cod, with daily flights to Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Boston, Provincetown, and New York City. The airport is served by Cape Air (year-round) and JetBlue (in-season).

The Hyannis Transportation Center (HTC) is the main bus and rail terminal on Cape Cod. The HTC services is a terminal station for Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority, the operator of the Cape-wide public bus network on Cape Cod, intercity buses operated by the Plymouth & Brockton and Peter Pan bus lines, and the seasonal CapeFlyer passenger rail service which operates between Boston and Hyannis Friday-Sunday in-season.

The Cape Cod Central Railroad operates seasonal tourist excursions from Hyannis to Sandwich and Sagamore, with some scheduled weekend stops at the West Barnstable.

Freight rail service is provided by the Massachusetts Coastal Railroad.

Points of interest[edit]

Sports[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Hyannis Port features in the song "Walcott" by Vampire Weekend, as part of the band's pleading with the eponymous Walcott to get out of Cape Cod: "Hyannis Port is a ghetto, out of Cape Cod tonight".

Hyannis is mentioned in the song "Rock and Roll Band" by Boston: "Dancin' in the streets of Hyannis, we were getting pretty good at the game..."

Hyannis Port is the setting for the short story "Welcome to the Monkey House" by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 Census for ZIP Code 02601, HYANNIS MA, 2010 Census, Population Demographics. Zip-codes.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  2. ^ City of Barnstable (1997) Comprehensive Plan, Section 4.0 - Community Facilities and Services, retrieved 4/17/2007 [1]
  3. ^ Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Federal Register (May 1, 2002) Volume 67, Number 84, Page 21964, from the Federal Register Online via GPO Access, wais.access.gpo.gov, DOCID:fr01my02-148, retrieved 5/29/2007 [2]
  4. ^ "Profile for Hyannis, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 164. 
  6. ^ David Still II (February 16, 2007) Fire academy head addresses town's water concerns. Perchlorate plumes, current practices reviewed. Barnstable Patriot (MA)
  7. ^ a b c Debi Boucher Stetson (25 November 2015). "County suspends operations at fire academy". Barnstable Patriot. Gatehouse Media, LLC. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Barnstable Town Council meeting" (PDF). Town of Barnstable. 2 December 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Geoff Spillane (29 June 2015). "Yarmouth OKs water deal with Barnstable". capecodtimes.com. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Justin Saunders (February 7, 2016). "Barnstable Town Officials Want County to Shut Down Fire Academy". capecod.com. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Staff (25 May 2016). "Hyannis Water Dept. issues public drinking water advisory". Cape Cod today. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  12. ^ RKG Associates Inc. (February 2003) Market Analysis for Hyannis, MA, Town of Barnstable, Massachusetts, retrieved 4/17/2007; Market Analysis for Hyannis
  13. ^ "Roll-On Roll-Off Ship" Popular Mechanics, April 1956, p. 87

External links[edit]