Hyblaean Mountains

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Hyblaean Mountains
Monti-Iblei-map-bjs.jpg
Location of Monti Iblei.
Highest point
Elevation 986 m (3,235 ft)
Coordinates 37°06′58″N 14°49′13″E / 37.11611°N 14.82028°E / 37.11611; 14.82028Coordinates: 37°06′58″N 14°49′13″E / 37.11611°N 14.82028°E / 37.11611; 14.82028
Geography
Hyblaean Mountains is located in Italy
Hyblaean Mountains
Hyblaean Mountains
Italy
Location Province of Ragusa, Province of Syracuse, Sicily, Italy
Climbing
Easiest route mountain walk from the road at Buscemi

The Hyblaean Mountains (Italian: Monti Iblei)[1] is a mountain range in south-eastern Sicily, Italy. It straddles the provinces of Ragusa, Syracuse and Catania. The highest peak of the range is Monte Lauro, at 986 m.

History[edit]

The name derives from the Siculi king Hyblon, who gave a portion of his territory to Greek colonists to build the town of Megara Hyblaea.

Geology[edit]

The range is composed of white limestone rocks, characterized by Karst topography. Originally a plateau, rivers have eroded the landscape, forming numerous deep canyons. In the coastal area sandstone is also present. In some areas, such as that of Monte Lauro (once part of a submerged volcanic complex), volcanic rocks are also present.

Landscape[edit]

The Hyblaean Mountains are characterized by gentle slopes, interrupted by sharp valleys. In the central area are numerous woods which are intermingled with dry stone walls of typical of south-eastern Sicily. The more populated coastal area is characterised by terraced hills with Mediterranean vegetation, rising up to a plateau cultivated by olive trees, vines, citrus fruit and almonds. Other crops include grain and maize.

Main sights[edit]

Main attractions of the area include the Baroque towns of Ragusa, Modica and Palazzolo Acreide, the Necropolis of Pantalica and Cava Ispica.

Peaks[edit]

The main peaks of the Monti Iblei are:

Rivers[edit]

Panorama of the Hyblaean Mountains.

The range is drained by several rivers, which flow into either the Mediterranean sea or the Ionian sea.

 
River Length Province
Anapo[2] 59 km Syracuse
Irminio[3] 55 km Ragusa
Dirillo 54 km Ragusa - Catania
Helorus (river)[4] 45 km Ragusa - Syracuse
Cassibile (river)[5] 30 km Syracuse
 
River Length Province
Ippari[6] 28 km Ragusa
Asinaro 22 km Syracuse
Modica (stream)[7] 22 km Ragusa
Tellesimo (stream)[8] 14 km Ragusa - Syracuse
Ciane 08 km Syracuse

References[edit]

  • Grandi Montagne - Sicilia. 2007.