Hydatina

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Hydatina
Hydatina physis.png
Live individual of Hydatina physis, head end towards the top of the image
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
informal group Lower Heterobranchia
Superfamily: Acteonoidea
Family: Aplustridae
Genus: Hydatina
Schumacher, 1817
Species

See text

Hydatina is a genus of sea snails, bubble snails, marine opisthobranch gastropod mollusks in the family Aplustridae.

Species[edit]

Species within this genus include:

  • Hydatina albocincta Van der Hoeven, 1839
  • Hydatina amplustre Linnaeus, 1758 royal paper bubble, ship’s flag shell, swollen bubble.
    • Distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific, Australia, South Africa to Hawaii, Madagascar.
    • Length: 1.5–4 cm
    • Description: active at night, it lives in shallow water on reefs, with a mix of sand, rock and tuf algae; predator feeding on polychaete worms; smaller and more heavily calcified shell than the other members of this species; shell with horizontal lines, with lightbrown stripes, outlined in black, alternating with translucent white stripes; the animal is too large to fit inside its shell. Empty shells are used by hermit crabs.
  • Hydatina cinctoria Perry, 1811 (color variant and synonym of Hydatina zonata).
    • Distribution: South Africa
  • Hydatina exquisita Voskuil, 1995
    • Distribution: Marquesas Islands
    • Length: 21 mm
    • Description: very globose, thin shell with black and purplish spiral bands on body whorl and a narrow white band below the suture and at anterior end: anterior end of the columella is directed slightly to the right.
  • Hydatina montilai Delsaerdt, 1996
    • Distribution: Philippines.
  • Hydatina physis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Hydatina velum Gmelin, 1791 (probably color variant and synonym of Hydatina zonata)
    • Distribution: Indian Ocean, East Africa
    • Length: 25–50 mm
  • Hydatina vesicaria (Lightfoot, 1786) brown-lined paper bubble
    • Distribution: Florida, Mexico, Caribbean.
    • Length: 17–45 mm
    • Description: lives on the bottom at the depth of 8 m to 64 m; very fragile and delicate shell with fine brown spiral lines
  • Hydatina zonata Solander in Lightfoot, 1786 zoned paper bubble

References[edit]

  • SEM images of the radula can be found at Thompson; Bebbington (1973). "Scanning electron microscope studies of gastropod radulae". Malacologia. 14: 147–165. 
  • Sea Slug Forum info
  • Info on the genus