Hyde Park on Hudson
|Hyde Park on Hudson|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Roger Michell|
|Written by||Richard Nelson|
|Music by||Jeremy Sams|
|Edited by||Nicolas Gaster|
|Distributed by||Focus Features|
|Box office||$8.9 million|
Hyde Park on Hudson is a 2012 British biographical historical comedy-drama film directed by Roger Michell. The film stars Bill Murray as Franklin D. Roosevelt and Laura Linney as Margaret "Daisy" Suckley, a cousin and childhood friend of the President. It was based on Suckley’s private journals and diaries, discovered after her death, and fictionally dramatizes her close personal relationship with Roosevelt, and the 1939 visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to Roosevelt's country estate, Hyde Park.
In spring 1939, Sara Delano, the mother of Franklin D. Roosevelt, asks his sixth cousin Margaret "Daisy" Suckley to visit the ill President of the United States at their country estate in Hyde Park, New York. Although Daisy and Roosevelt had not seen each other for years, the distant relatives form a romantic relationship, and Roosevelt often asks Daisy to visit Hyde Park when he stays with his mother. Daisy becomes one of the several women close to Roosevelt, including Sara; Missy LeHand, the president's secretary; and Eleanor, the president's wife. Despite his power, the president is often unable to control the other women; the quiet, shy Daisy is his confidante, and he tells her that Top Cottage will be their shared refuge after his presidency.
In June 1939, King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, visit the United States, during which they stay with the Roosevelts at Hyde Park. The British hope that the visit will improve the chances of American support during the future war with Germany. George—who is king because his brother Edward VIII abdicated—is nervous, because of the importance of the visit, because he stutters, and because of having to eat a hot dog for the first time at a picnic in his honor. Roosevelt reassures George by citing his own inability to walk, and observes that others do not see their handicaps because "it's not what they want to see". The president tells the king that he hopes to overcome Americans' reluctance to help Britain.
The night the king and queen arrive, Daisy discovers LeHand is having an affair with Roosevelt. LeHand tells a shocked Daisy that their respective relationships with the president are not his only ones, mentioning Dorothy Schiff and Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, and that Daisy must accept sharing Roosevelt with other women. At the picnic the next day the king successfully eats a hot dog for a photo op, and Daisy, in a voiceover, states that the visit helped the two countries form a Special Relationship. Daisy rejects Roosevelt's requests to see her until he calls on her in person; they reconcile, and Daisy accepts her role as one of the president's mistresses. As years pass, Daisy watches Roosevelt become frail as a wartime leader; nonetheless everyone, she says, "still [looked] to him, still seeing whatever it was they wanted to see".
- Bill Murray as Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Laura Linney as Margaret "Daisy" Suckley
- Samuel West as King George VI
- Olivia Colman as Queen Elizabeth
- Elizabeth Marvel as Marguerite LeHand
- Olivia Williams as Eleanor Roosevelt
- Elizabeth Wilson as Sara Delano
- Martin McDougall as Thomas Gardiner Corcoran
- Andrew Havill as James Cameron
Screenwriter Richard Nelson was inspired by the story of Daisy Suckley after reading a posthumously published collection of her letters and diaries. He felt drawn to the story because of the unique perspective Daisy offered on a series of important historical events. He also connected with the setting, since Nelson lives in Rhinebeck and had even met Daisy briefly before she died in 1991.
Originally conceived as an idea for a film, Nelson's choice of director, Roger Michell, proved immediately unavailable. Nelson re-worked the script as a radio play, which was produced by the BBC in 2009, directed by Ned Chaillet. Once Michell became available, production began on the film.
In early March 2011, director Michell started searching for U.S. actors to play President Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt. Bill Murray agreed to play Roosevelt in late March. Production designer Simon Bowles created upstate New York in England where the entire film was shot.
Hyde Park on Hudson had its world premiere at the 2012 Telluride Film Festival on 31 August 2012, then at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival on 10 September 2012, and again at the 2012 Savannah Film Festival on 31 October 2012, with limited release in the United States on 5 and 7 December 2012, and wide release in January 2013. The UK release followed on 1 February 2013.
Hyde Park on Hudson received mixed reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 37% based on 158 reviews, with an average rating of 5.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Though bolstered by a thoroughly charming performance by Bill Murray in the central role, Hyde Park on Hudson is an FDR biopic that lets down both its audience and its subject." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 55 out of 100, based on 41 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews."
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times enjoyed the film, giving it 3-and-a-half stars out of 4 and said of Murray's performance: "Murray, who has a wider range than we sometimes realize, finds the human core of this FDR and presents it tenderly." Richard Brody of The New Yorker also praises film, saying although the movie is not great, it "has a particular kind of merit... It conveys something of a transparent experience, suggesting that the power of the subject escapes the attempt to contain it in a film and makes its way directly—albeit incidentally or even accidentally—to the viewer."
Murray's performance as Roosevelt did garner praise, as he received a Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy.
Criticism of the depiction of history
During World War II, Suckley often stayed for long visits at the White House, keeping the president company. Roosevelt is known to have had an affair with Lucy Mercer during World War I. However, there is no direct evidence that he had a similar relationship with Suckley, though there was an emotional connection. Roosevelt apparently instructed Suckley to burn at least some of the letters he wrote to her, which has fueled speculation about their content.
Focusing on how the historical events and people are portrayed, Conrad Black, author of Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Champion of Freedom, said the film took "large, ... sometimes scurrilous, liberties with historical facts." In particular, he stated the movie erred in its depiction both of Roosevelt's relationship with women and of Eleanor Roosevelt's sexuality.
Roosevelt biographer Geoffrey Ward has written: "It is true that [FDR and Daisy] drove to a hilltop that they loved at some point in 1935, and that something happened on that hilltop. I think he kissed her — which meant a great deal to both of them. And it started a long, first flirtatious and then very fond friendship. But what happened in the film did not happen."
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- Hyde Park on Hudson at Box Office Mojo
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- Starr, William (9 April 1995), "New Woman Surfaces as FDR Intimate", The State (Columbia, SC)
- Swindell, Larry (7 May 1995), "Papers found after Margaret Suckley's death reveal deep friendship with FDR", Fort Worth Star-Telegram
- Hyde Park screenwriter discusses his inspiration and Bill Murray Newsday Archived 27 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Film4 Hunting For Its President Roosevelt". Deadline. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "Bill Murray to play President Roosevelt in Hyde Park on Hudson". Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "Focus Features "Hyde Park on Hudson"". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- Hyde Park on Hudson at Rotten Tomatoes
- Hyde Park on Hudson at Metacritic
- The worst films of 2012, The A.V. Club, 20 December 2012, Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Brody, Richard (15 December 2012). ""Hyde Park on Hudson" and history lessons". The New Yorker. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- Black, Conrad (2 January 2013). "FDR and Lincoln on Screen". National Review Online. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Ward, Geoffrey - " 'Hyde Park': An FDR Portrait That's More Fiction Than Fact", NPR, Dec. 26, 2012.
- "Archive Footage of events". Pathe.