Hydraulic Launch Assist
The HLA system recycles energy by converting kinetic energy into potential energy during deceleration via hydraulics, storing the energy at high pressure in an accumulator filled with nitrogen gas. The energy is then returned to the vehicle during subsequent acceleration thereby reducing the amount of work done by the internal combustion engine. This system provides considerable increase in vehicle productivity while reducing fuel consumption in stop-and-go use profiles like refuse vehicles and other heavy duty vehicles.
Parallel vs. Series Hybrids
The HLA system is a so-called parallel hydraulic hybrid. In parallel systems the original vehicle drive-line remains, allowing the vehicle to operate normally when the HLA system is disengaged. When the HLA is engaged, energy is captured and released during deceleration and acceleration respectively. This is in contrast to so-called series hydraulic hybrid systems which replaces the entire traditional drive-line to provide power transmission in addition to regenerative braking functions.
Hydraulic vs. Electric Hybrids
Hydraulic hybrids are said to be power dense, while electric hybrids are energy dense. This implies that electric hybrids, while able to deliver large amounts of energy over long periods of time are limited by the rate at which the chemical energy in the batteries is converted to mechanical energy and vice versa. This is largely governed by reaction rates in the battery and current ratings of associated components. Hydraulic hybrids on the other hand are capable of transferring energy at a much higher rate, but are then limited by the amount of energy that is stored. For this reason, hydraulic hybrids lend themselves well to stop-and-go applications or applications with high vehicle weights.
Eaton, Ford, the US Army, and IMPACT Engineering, Inc. (of Kent, Washington), built an E-450 shuttle bus as part of the Army's HAMMER (Hydraulic Hybrid Advanced Materials Multifuel Engine Research) project.
- Eaton Corporation (November 13, 2007), "Hydraulic Launch Assist TM (HLA TM)", Website
- Wiebusch (June 17, 2002), "Hydraulic regenerative braking improves large-truck fuel economy", Design News, archived from the original on September 30, 2007
- Siuru (April 2007), "Off to a quick start: Eaton's Corp.'s Hydraulic launch assist system demonstrated in shuttle bus, delivery van applications", Diesel Progress North American Edition
- Eaton Corporation (January 3, 2007), "Eaton's Greenhouse Gas Emission-Reducing Technologies To Benefit Texas Companies In 2007 Through State Grant For Environmentally Friendly Trucks", Press Release
- Peterbilt Motors (March 21, 2007), "PETERBILT'S HYBRID STRATEGY UTILIZES ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES IN DEVELOPING FULL RANGE OF PRODUCT SOLUTIONS", Press Release, archived from the original (– Scholar search) on November 18, 2007
- Bohlman, Davis (December 13, 2007), "HYDRAULIC HYBRIDS ARE PICKING UP", Machine Design