Compressor vs pump
Hydrogen compressors are closely related to hydrogen pumps and gas compressors: both increase the pressure on a fluid and both can transport the fluid through a pipe. As gases are compressible, the compressor also reduces the volume of hydrogen gas, whereas the main result of a pump raising the pressure of a liquid is to allow the liquid hydrogen to be transported elsewhere.
Reciprocating piston compressors
A proven method to compress Hydrogen is to apply reciprocating piston compressors. Widely used in Refineries they are the backbone of refining crude oil. Available oil-lubricated and non-lubricated reciprocating compressors can be deployed at all kind of Hydrogen applications. Anyhow for high pressure non-lubricated compressor application used in Hydrogen mobility 350 - 700 bar where oil contamination of the Hydrogen must be avoided the non-lubricated compressors have to be employed. Expert know how on piston sealing and packing rings is required to select the right sealing elements at piston and packings. A careful selection of piston and packing rings enables the reciprocating compressors to outperform the competing technologies MTBO (Mean Time Between Overhaul).
Ionic liquid piston compressor
Electrochemical hydrogen compressor
A multi-stage electrochemical hydrogen compressor incorporates a series of membrane-electrode-assemblies (MEAs), similar to those used in proton exchange membrane fuel cells; this type of compressor has no moving parts and is compact. With electrochemical compression of hydrogen, a pressure of 5000 psi is achieved. Pressure is believed to go beyond 10,000 psi to the structural limits of the design. A patent is pending for an exergy efficiency of 70 to 80% for pressures up to 10,000 psi or 700 bars. A single stage electrochemical compression to 800 bar was reached in 2011. DOE has supported developments related to developing low cost electrochemical hydrogen compressors for heat pumps with Xergy Inc.</ref.>
In a hydride compressor, thermal and pressure properties of a hydride are used to absorb low-pressure hydrogen gas at ambient temperatures and then release high-pressure hydrogen gas at higher temperatures; the bed of hydride is heated with hot water or an electric coil.
Piston-metal diaphragm compressor
Piston-metal diaphragm compressors are stationary high-pressure compressors, four-staged water-cooled, 11–15 kW, 30–50 Nm3/h 40 MPa for dispensation of hydrogen. Since compression generates heat, the compressed gas is to be cooled between stages making the compression less adiabatic and more isothermal. The default assumption on diaphragm hydrogen compressors is an adiabatic efficiency of 70%. Used in hydrogen stations.
Guided rotor compressor
The guided rotor compressor (GRC) is a positive-displacement rotary compressor based upon an envoluted trochoid geometry which utilizes a parallel trochoid curve to define its basic compression volume. It has a typical 80 to 85% adiabatic efficiency.
The single-piston linear compressor uses dynamic counterbalancing, where an auxiliary movable mass is flexibly attached to a movable piston assembly and to the stationary compressor casing using auxiliary mechanical springs with zero vibration export at minimum electrical power and current consumed by the motor. It is used in cryogenics
- Compressed hydrogen
- Hydrogen turboexpander-generator
- High pressure electrolysis
- Hydrogen embrittlement
- Hydrogen tank
- Hydrogen leak testing
- New developments in pumps and compressors using Ionic Liquids
- Electrochemical hydrogen compressor
- Electrochemical hydrogen compressor
- HyET, Hydrogen Efficiency Technologies BV, achieves electro-chemical compression of hydrogen up to a pressure of 800 Bar
- Hydride compressor
- Piston-metal diaphragm compressor
- Efficiency and performance measurement of a pdc single stage diaphragm hydrogen compressor-Pag.32
- GRC - Detailed description and defining geometry
- Hydrogen delivery liquefaction & compression
- Mechanical properties
- Valved linear compressor