Hydromantes

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Web-toed salamanders
Hydromantes platycephalus.jpg
Hydromantes platycephalus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Plethodontinae
Genus: Hydromantes
Gistel, 1848
Species

3, See table.

Hydromantes, commonly referred to as web-toed salamanders, is a genus of the lungless salamander family, Plethodontidae; they achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to northern California, USA.[1] Salamanders of this genus are distinguished in having extremely long tongues that they can project to 80% of their body length.[2] Similar species endemic to southern France and Italy are now classified in a distinct genus, Speleomantes.

Species[edit]

The following three species (found in California) are placed in this genus:

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Hydromantes brunus
Gorman, 1954
Limestone salamander
Hydromantes platycephalus
(Camp, 1916)
Mount Lyell salamander
Hydromantes shastae
Gorman & Camp, 1953
Shasta salamander

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hydromantes brunus : Limestone Salamander
  2. ^ Deban, S. M.; O'Reilly, J. C.; Dicke, U.; Van Leeuwen, J. L. (2007). "Extremely high-power tongue projection in plethodontid salamanders". Journal of Experimental Biology. 210 (4): 655. doi:10.1242/jeb.02664. 

External links[edit]