Hydronalium is a family of aluminium-magnesium alloys. It is an alloy predominantly of aluminium, with between 1%-12% of magnesium as the primary alloying ingredient. It also includes a secondary addition of manganese, usually between 0.4%-1%.
There are a large number of alloys within this family, one standard reference listing over twenty.
|Alloy||Hardening||Tensile strength||Yield strength||Elongation (%)||Hardness (Brinell)|
|Hydronalium 2||Soft||193 MPa (28,000 psi)||90 MPa (13,000 psi)||30||47|
|Hard||290 MPa (42,000 psi)||255 MPa (37,000 psi)||8||77|
The alloy family is noted for its resistance to seawater corrosion. As such it is used in sheet form for boatbuilding and light shipbuilding. As castings it is used for marine fittings. The reliable strength of some grades is sufficient for aerospace use and so they are used for wetted components of seaplane aircraft, such as floats and propellers, where marine corrosion resistance is also needed.
Some variants of the alloy are ductile enough to be drawn into wire. This, combined with their resistance to corrosion by salty sweat, has led to an application for violin strings as an alternative to silver.
- "Corrosion tests on Igedur and Hydronalium Hy 18 aluminium alloy sheets". National Archives, Kew. 1939–1941. AVIA 6/7948.
- H.R. King (19 October 1939). "Some German Seaplanes". Flight: supplement b, d.
- John P. Frick, ed. (2000). Woldman's Engineering Alloys. ASM International. pp. 567–568. ISBN 9780871706911.
- "Warchal violin strings". Musikhaus Thomann e.K.