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Großer Kolbenwasserkäfer Hydrous piceus 1.jpg
Hydrophilus piceus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Infraorder: Staphyliniformia
Superfamily: Hydrophiloidea
Family: Hydrophilidae
Latreille, 1802


Hydrophilidae, also called water scavenger beetles, is a family of chiefly aquatic beetles.[1][2] Aquatic hydrophilids are notable for their long maxillary palps, which are longer than their antennae.[3] Several of the former subfamilies of Hydrophilidae have recently been removed and elevated to family rank; Epimetopidae, Georissidae (= Georyssinae), Helophoridae, Hydrochidae, and Spercheidae (= Sphaeridiinae).[1][4] Some of these formerly-included groups are primarily terrestrial or semi-aquatic.[citation needed]

The vernacular name water scavenger beetles is not an accurate description of their habit.[citation needed] With rare exceptions, the larvae are predatory while the adults may be vegetarians or predators in addition to scavenging.[5] Many species are able to produce sounds.[citation needed]

Species of Hydrophilus are reported as pests in fish hatcheries.[5] Other species are voracious consumers of mosquito larvae, and have potential as biological control agents.[5][6] There are 2,835 species in 169 genera [7]


See also[edit]


  • Short, A. E. Z. Fikáček, M. 2011: World catalogue of the Hydrophiloidea (Coleoptera): additions and corrections II (2006–2010). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 51(1): 83-122. abstract PDF

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b "BugGuide: Family Hydrophilidae – Water Scavenger Beetles". bugguide.net. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Hydrophilidae – UNH Center for Freshwater Biology". UNH. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  3. ^ "Sphaeridiinae Definition. Crossword Dictionary". worddomination.com. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  4. ^ "Fifteen new genera of Hydrophilidae (Coleoptera) with remarks on the generic classification of the family". researchgate.net. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  5. ^ a b c "Water Scavenger Beetles". Missouri Department of Conservation. Archived from the original on 2015-07-02. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  6. ^ "Aquatic insect predators and mosquito control". academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-06-30. 
  7. ^ Short & Fikáček, 2011: 85, table 1 (see bibliography)