3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||69.49 g/mol|
|Appearance||white crystalline solid|
|Melting point||155 to 157 °C (311 to 315 °F; 428 to 430 K) decomposes|
|Safety data sheet|||
Carc. Cat. 3
Dangerous for the environment (N)
|R-phrases (outdated)||R2, R21/22, R36/38, R40, R43, R48/22, R50|
|S-phrases (outdated)||(S2), S36/37, S61|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Hydroxylammonium chloride is the hydrochloric acid salt of hydroxylamine. Hydroxylamine is a biological intermediate in the nitrification (biological oxidation of ammonia with oxygen into nitrite) and in the anammox (biological oxidation of nitrite and ammonium into dinitrogen gas) which are important in the nitrogen cycle in soil and in wastewater treatment plants.
Hydroxylammonium chloride is used in organic synthesis for preparation of oximes and hydroxamic acids from carboxylic acids, N- and O- substituted hydroxyamines, and addition reactions of carbon-carbon double bond.
In surface treatments, it is used in the preparation of anti-skinning agents, corrosion inhibitors, and cleaner additives. It is also a starting material for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals manufacturing. In the rubber and plastics industries, it is an antioxidant, vulcanization accelerator, and radical scavenger.
It is also used as a fixative for textile dyes, auxiliary in some dyeing processes, as a metal extraction and flotation aid, as an antioxidant in fatty acids and soaps, and as a color stabilizer and emulsion additive in color films.
It's also used in analytic chemistry in the analysis of iron in the water combinated with α,α-dipyridyl. The hydroxylammonium chloride transform all the iron in Fe2+, that then forms a coordination complex with the dipyridyl.
- Fukushima, R.S.; Dehority, B.A.; Loerch, S.C. (1 January 1991). "Modification of a colorimetric analysis for lignin and its use in studying the inhibitory effects of lignin on forage digestion by ruminal microorganisms". J. Anim. Sci. 69 (1): 295–304. PMID 2005024. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008.
- Elstner, E.F.; Heupel, A. (February 1976). "Inhibition of nitrite formation from hydroxylammoniumchloride: a simple assay for superoxide dismutase". Anal. Biochem. 70 (2): 616–20. doi:10.1016/0003-2697(76)90488-7. PMID 817618.