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Bawean deer close.jpg
A Bawean deer
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Hyelaphus

Hyelaphus porcinus
Hyelaphus annamiticus
Hyelaphus calamianensis
Hyelaphus kuhlii



Hyelaphus (golden deer or hog deer) is a genus of relatively small South and Southeast Asia deer that are overall brown. The three species are all threatened, and two of the species are restricted to a few small islands. Originally considered a subgenus of Axis, genetic evidence indicates that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. Consequently, Hyelaphus was elevated to genus status, leaving the chital as the only member of Axis.[1][2]


Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Hog deer in Terai grassland.JPG Hyelaphus porcinus Indian hog deer Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China, all the way to western Thailand.
Hyelaphus annamiticus[3] Indochinese hog deer Cambodia, Laos, People's Republic of China and Vietnam
Axis calamianensis.jpg Hyelaphus calamianensis Calamian hog deer Calamian Islands of Palawan province of the Philippines
Adult male Bawean deer Axis kuhlii.JPG Hyelaphus kuhlii Bawean deer island of Bawean (Gresik Regency) in Indonesia


  1. ^ Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880–895.
  2. ^ Groves (2006). The genus Cervus in eastern Eurasia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 52: 14-22.
  3. ^ Ungulate Taxonomy – A new perspective from Groves and Grubb (2011) Archived 2012-12-01 at the Wayback Machine. ultimateungulate.com