Hygrophila auriculata

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Hygrophila auriculata
Hygrophila schulli (Kolshinda) in Narshapur, AP W3 IMG 0926.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Hygrophila
H. auriculata
Binomial name
Hygrophila auriculata

Astercantha longifolia (L.) Nees
Barleria auriculata Schumach.
Barleria longifolia L.
Hygrophila schulli M. R. Almeida & S. M. Almeida
Hygrophila spinosa T.Anderson

Hygrophila auriculata (Sanskrit: gokaṇṭa,[2] kokilākṣa)[3][4] is a herbaceous, medicinal plant in the acanthus family that grows in marshy places and is native to tropical Asia and Africa.[5] In India it is commonly known as kokilaksha or gokulakanta, in Sri Lanka as neeramulli. In Kerala it is called Vayalchulli(വയൽച്ചുളളി).In Tamil it is called "Neermulli"(நீர்முள்ளி).

Medicinal usage in Ayurveda[edit]

In Ayurveda, its seeds, roots and panchang (pancha = five and ang = parts, i.e. root, flowers, stem, fruits and leaves as ash burnt together) are used as a medication.[6][7]


  1. ^ "Hygrophila auriculata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  2. ^ Monier Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary s.v. gokaṇṭa at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/monier/
  3. ^ Sanskrit names
  4. ^ amarakosh, ch - 2, section - forest medicinal plants, verse no. - 104
  5. ^ Hygrophila auriculata in Flora of Pakistan, at Efloras.org at http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=242422930 and IUCN Red list of Species at http://oldredlist.iucnredlist.org/details/168863/0
  6. ^ Medicinal Plants by Dr. M. Daniel
  7. ^ सुश्रुत संहिता (sushrut samhita ) An English translation of the Sushruta samhita, based on original Sanskrit text. Edited and published by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna. With a full and comprehensive introd., translation of different readings, notes, comparative views, index, glossary and plates (1907) [1]
  • J.S. Gamble, 1921. Flora of the Presidency of Madras Vol.2

External links[edit]