|European tree frog, Hyla arborea|
The genus Hyla is a member of the family of tree frogs (Hylidae). They have a very broad distribution; species can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and across the Americas. There were more than 300 described species in this genus, but after a major revision of the Hylidae family most of these have been moved to new genera so the genus now only contains 33 species".
The genus was established by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. It was named after Hylas in Greek mythology, the companion of Hercules. The name is unusual in that – though Laurenti knew that Hylas was male – the name is unambiguously treated in the feminine grammatical gender for reasons unknown. The etymology of the name is also often incorrectly given as being derived from the Greek word ὕλη (hūlē, "forest" or "wood").
|Binomial name||Common name|
|H. andersonii Baird, 1854||Pine Barrens tree frog|
|H. annectans (Jerdon, 1870)||Jerdon's tree frog|
|H. arborea (Linnaeus, 1758)||European tree frog|
|H. arboricola Taylor, 1941||Arboreal tree frog|
|H. arenicolor Cope, 1866||Canyon tree frog|
|H. avivoca Viosca, 1928||Bird-voiced tree frog|
|H. bocourti Mocquard, 1899||Bocourt's tree frog|
|H. chinensis Günther, 1858||Common Chinese tree frog|
|H. chrysoscelis Cope, 1880||Cope's gray tree frog|
|H. cinerea (Schneider, 1799)||American green tree frog|
|H. ebraccata (Cope, 1874)||Hourglass tree frog|
|H. euphorbiacea Günther, 1858||Southern highland tree frog|
|H. eximia Baird, 1854||Mountain tree frog|
|H. femoralis Bosc in Daudin, 1800||Pine woods tree frog|
|H. graceae Myers & Duellman, 1982|
|H. gratiosa LeConte, 1856||Barking tree frog|
|H. hallowellii Thompson, 1912||Hallowell's tree frog|
|H. heinzsteinitzi Grach, Plesser, and Werner, 2007||Mamilla pool tree frog|
|H. immaculata Boettger, 1888||Spotless tree toad|
|H. intermedia Boulenger, 1882||Italian tree frog|
|H. japonica Günther, 1859||Japanese tree frog|
|H. meridionalis Boettger, 1874||Mediterranean tree frog|
|H. plicata Brocchi, 1877||Ridged tree frog|
|H. sanchiangensis Pope, 1929||San Chiang tree frog|
|H. sarda (De Betta, 1853)||Sardinian tree frog|
|H. savignyi Audouin, 1827||Middle East tree frog|
|H. simplex Boettger, 1901||Annam tree frog|
|H. squirella Bosc in Daudin, 1800||Squirrel tree frog|
|H. stepheni Boulenger, 1888||Northeast China tree toad|
|H. suweonensis Kuramoto, 1980||Suweon tree frog|
|H. tsinlingensis Liu and Hu in Hu, Zhao, and Liu, 1966||Shensi tree frog|
|H. versicolor LeConte, 1825||Gray tree frog|
|H. walkeri Stuart, 1954||Walker's tree frog|
|H. wrightorum Taylor, 1939||Wright’s mountain tree frog|
|H. zhaopingensis Tang and Zhang, 1984||Zhaoping tree frog|
Faivovich et al. could not assign these species to a current genus, so they allocated them to the non-taxon "Hyla". Further work is needed to organize them.
|Binomial name||Common name|
|H. alboguttata Boulenger, 1882||Whitebelly tree frog|
|H. antoniiochoai De la Riva and Chaparro, 2005|
|H. helenae Ruthven, 1919||Helena's tree frog|
|H. imitator (Barbour and Dunn, 1921)||Mimic tree frog|
|H. inframaculata Boulenger, 1882||Santarem tree frog|
|H. warreni Duellman and Hoogmoed, 1992||Warren's tree frog|
- Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240. (http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/462/1/B294.pdf)
- Charles W. Myers & Richard B. Stothers (2006). "The myth of Hylas revisited: the frog name Hyla and other commentary on Specimen medicum (1768) of J. N. Laurenti, the "father of herpetology"". Archives of Natural History 33: 241–266. doi:10.3366/anh.2006.33.2.241.
- "hyla". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) It gives the 'wood' etymology.
- Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (10 October, 2007). Hyla. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: Apr 21, 2008).
- AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Hyla. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: Apr 21, 2008).
- eol - Encyclopedia of Life taxon Hyla at http://www.eol.org.