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This article is about the frog genus. For the artist, see Adolf Hyła.
Laubfrosch cropped.jpg
European tree frog, Hyla arborea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Subfamily: Hylinae
Genus: Hyla
Laurenti, 1768

See text.

The genus Hyla is a member of the family of tree frogs (Hylidae). They have a very broad distribution; species can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and across the Americas. There were more than 300 described species in this genus, but after a major revision of the Hylidae family most of these have been moved to new genera so the genus now only contains 33 species".[1]

The genus was established by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. It was named after Hylas in Greek mythology, the companion of Hercules. The name is unusual in that – though Laurenti knew that Hylas was male – the name is unambiguously treated in the feminine grammatical gender for reasons unknown. The etymology of the name is also often incorrectly given as being derived from the Greek word ὕλη (hūlē, "forest" or "wood").[2][3]


Barking tree frog, Hyla gratiosa
Metamorphs are often similar in appearance. H. gratiosa (left), H. cinerea (center), H. chrysoscelis (right)
Binomial name Common name
H. andersonii Baird, 1854 Pine Barrens tree frog
H. annectans (Jerdon, 1870) Jerdon's tree frog
H. arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) European tree frog
H. arboricola Taylor, 1941 Arboreal tree frog
H. arenicolor Cope, 1866 Canyon tree frog
H. avivoca Viosca, 1928 Bird-voiced tree frog
H. bocourti Mocquard, 1899 Bocourt's tree frog
H. chinensis Günther, 1858 Common Chinese tree frog
H. chrysoscelis Cope, 1880 Cope's gray tree frog
H. cinerea (Schneider, 1799) American green tree frog
H. ebraccata (Cope, 1874) Hourglass tree frog
H. euphorbiacea Günther, 1858 Southern highland tree frog
H. eximia Baird, 1854 Mountain tree frog
H. femoralis Bosc in Daudin, 1800 Pine woods tree frog
H. graceae Myers & Duellman, 1982
H. gratiosa LeConte, 1856 Barking tree frog
H. hallowellii Thompson, 1912 Hallowell's tree frog
H. heinzsteinitzi Grach, Plesser, and Werner, 2007 Mamilla pool tree frog
H. immaculata Boettger, 1888 Spotless tree toad
H. intermedia Boulenger, 1882 Italian tree frog
H. japonica Günther, 1859 Japanese tree frog
H. meridionalis Boettger, 1874 Mediterranean tree frog
H. plicata Brocchi, 1877 Ridged tree frog
H. sanchiangensis Pope, 1929 San Chiang tree frog
H. sarda (De Betta, 1853) Sardinian tree frog
H. savignyi Audouin, 1827 Middle East tree frog
H. simplex Boettger, 1901 Annam tree frog
H. squirella Bosc in Daudin, 1800 Squirrel tree frog
H. stepheni Boulenger, 1888 Northeast China tree toad
H. suweonensis Kuramoto, 1980 Suweon tree frog
H. tsinlingensis Liu and Hu in Hu, Zhao, and Liu, 1966 Shensi tree frog
H. versicolor LeConte, 1825 Gray tree frog
H. walkeri Stuart, 1954 Walker's tree frog
H. wrightorum Taylor, 1939 Wright’s mountain tree frog
H. zhaopingensis Tang and Zhang, 1984 Zhaoping tree frog

"Hyla" group[edit]

Faivovich et al. could not assign these species to a current genus, so they allocated them to the non-taxon "Hyla". Further work is needed to organize them.

Binomial name Common name
H. alboguttata Boulenger, 1882 Whitebelly tree frog
H. antoniiochoai De la Riva and Chaparro, 2005
H. helenae Ruthven, 1919 Helena's tree frog
H. imitator (Barbour and Dunn, 1921) Mimic tree frog
H. inframaculata Boulenger, 1882 Santarem tree frog
H. warreni Duellman and Hoogmoed, 1992 Warren's tree frog


  1. ^ Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240. (http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/462/1/B294.pdf)
  2. ^ Charles W. Myers & Richard B. Stothers (2006). "The myth of Hylas revisited: the frog name Hyla and other commentary on Specimen medicum (1768) of J. N. Laurenti, the "father of herpetology"". Archives of Natural History 33: 241–266. doi:10.3366/anh.2006.33.2.241. 
  3. ^ "hyla". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) It gives the 'wood' etymology.

External links[edit]

Data related to Hyla at Wikispecies Media related to Hyla at Wikimedia Commons