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Hyloxalus subpunctatus.jpg
Hyloxalus subpunctatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Subfamily: Hyloxalinae
Genus: Hyloxalus
Jiménez de la Espada, 1870
59 species (see text)

Phyllodromus Jiménez de la Espada, 1875
Hylixalus Boulenger, 1882
Cryptophyllobates Lötters, Jungfer, and Widmer, 2000

Hyloxalus is a genus of poison dart frogs.[1][2][3][4] The genus is distributed in Central and South America, from Panama south to Peru (along the Pacific coast), along with Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. They also inhabit the eastern foothills of the Andes in Bolivia to Venezuela, east to the upper Amazon Basin. Many Hyloxalus species, such as the cream-back, bear superficial resemblances to hylids, such as the presence of small webs between their toes, and the discs at the end of their toes are slightly adhesive. This may be one of the oldest of dendrobatid genera; if this is the case, the genus has changed little since it first evolved.


The 59 species are:[3]


  1. ^ Emmet Reid Dunn. 1957. Neotropical frog genera: Prostherapis versus Hyloxalus, with remarks on Phyllobates. Copeia. 1957(2) :77-78.
  2. ^ http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/5803/1/B299.pdf
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Hyloxalus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "BioLib - Hyloxalus". Biolib.cz. Retrieved 2011-11-24.