Hymenoptera in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae

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In the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, Carl Linnaeus classified the arthropods, including insects, arachnids and crustaceans, among his class "Insecta". Insects with membranous wings, including bees, wasps and ants were brought together under the name Hymenoptera.

Cynips (gall wasps)[edit]

The gall wasp Cynips quercusfolii was named Cynips quercus folii in 1758.

Tenthredo (sawflies)[edit]

[Note 1]

The cherry slug is the larva of Caliroa cerasi, which Linnaeus named Tenthredo cerasi in 1758.
Tenthredo scrophulariae was named in 1758.
Arge rustica was named Tenthredo rustica in 1758.
The pine sawfly Diprion pini was named Tenthredo pini in 1758.

Ichneumon (ichneumon wasps)[edit]

Sphex (digger wasps)[edit]

Ammophila sabulosa was named Sphex sabulosa in 1758.
  • Sphex argillaceaZeta argillaceum
  • Sphex sabulosaAmmophila sabulosa[7]
  • Sphex asiaticaSceliphron asiaticum
  • Sphex fervens
  • Sphex inda
  • Sphex clavipes
  • Sphex spirifex & Sphex aegyptiaSceliphron spirifex
  • Sphex figulus
  • Sphex viatica
  • Sphex pectinipes
  • Sphex variegata
  • Sphex indica
  • Sphex tropica
  • Sphex colon
  • Sphex gibba
  • Sphex rufipes
  • Sphex arenaria
  • Sphex fossoria
  • Sphex leucostoma
  • Sphex vaga
  • Sphex caerulea
  • Sphex ignita
  • Sphex aurata
  • Sphex cyanea

Vespa (hornets & wasps)[edit]

  • Vespa crabroEuropean hornet
  • Vespa vulgarisVespula vulgaris, common wasp
  • Vespa rufaVespula rufa
  • Vespa parietum
  • Vespa muraria
  • Vespa cribraria
  • Vespa spinipes
  • Vespa rupestris
  • Vespa coarctata
  • Vespa arvensis
  • Vespa biglumis
  • Vespa uniglumis
  • Vespa cornuta
  • Vespa signata
  • Vespa canadensis
  • Vespa emarginata
  • Vespa calida

Apis (bees)[edit]

Bombus muscorum, originally named Apis muscorum in 1758
  • Apis longicornis
  • Apis tumulorum
  • Apis clavicornis
  • Apis centuncularis
  • Apis cineraria
  • Apis surinamensisEufriesea surinamensis
  • Apis retusa
  • Apis rufa
  • Apis bicornis
  • Apis truncorum
  • Apis dentataExaerete dentata
  • Apis cordataEuglossa cordata
  • Apis helvola
  • Apis succincta
  • Apis zonata
  • Apis caerulescens
  • Apis melliferaWestern honey bee
  • Apis subterranea
  • Apis variegata
  • Apis rostrata
  • Apis manicata
  • Apis quadridentata
  • Apis florisomuis
  • Apis conica
  • Apis annulata
  • Apis ruficornis
  • Apis ichneumonea
  • Apis cariosa
  • Apis violaceaXylocopa violacea, violet carpenter bee
  • Apis terrestrisBombus terrestris, buff-tailed bumblebee
  • Apis lapidariaBombus lapidarius, red-tailed bumblebee
  • Apis muscorum - 'Bombus muscorum, moss carder bee
  • Apis hypnorumBombus hypnorum, new garden bumblebee
  • Apis acervorum
  • Apis subterraneaBombus subterraneus, short-haired bumblebee
  • Apis surinamensis
  • Apis aestuans
  • Apis tropica
  • Apis alpinaBombus alpinus

Formica (ants)[edit]

Formica rufa was named by Linnaeus in 1758.

Mutilla (velvet ants)[edit]

The velvet ant Ronisia barbara was named Mutilla barbara in 1758.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The current identities of Linnaeus' Tenthredo species are taken from the Hymenoptera Name Server.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nomina - Hymenoptera C". Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Euura amerinae (Linnaeus)". Hymenoptera Name Server. Ohio State University. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Nomina - Hymenoptera A–B". Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2010. 
  4. ^ J. T. Wiebes (1968). "Fig wasps from Israeli Ficus sycomorus and related East African species (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). 2. Agaonidae (concluded) and Sycophagini" (PDF). Zoologische Mededelingen. 42 (28): 307–321. 
  5. ^ "Hymenoptera Name Server. Version 1.5". Ohio State University. December 19, 2007. 
  6. ^ Thierry Noblecourt (April 18, 2007). "Liste Systématique des Hyménoptères Symphytes de France" (PDF) (in French). 
  7. ^ Toshko Ljubomirov & Erol Yildirim (2008). Annotated Catalogue of the Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, and Crabronidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Turkey. Pensoft Series Faunistica. 71. Pensoft Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 978-954-642-312-2. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Nomina - Hymenoptera: F-I". Archived from the original on June 22, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  9. ^ Social Insects Specialist Group (1996). "Formica rufa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  10. ^ Formica obsoleta at the Encyclopedia of Life
  11. ^ Formica omnivora at the Encyclopedia of Life
  12. ^ "Species: Dolichoderus bidens". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Species: Atta sexdens". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Species: Atta cephalotes". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Species: Cephalotes atratus". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Species: Odontomachus haematodus". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Species: Pachycondyla foetida". AntWeb. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  18. ^ James L. Reveal (2009). "Identification of the plant and associated animal images in Catesby's Natural History, with nomenclatural notes and comments". Rhodora. 111 (947): 273–388. doi:10.3119/08-4.1. 
  19. ^ Clarence E. Mickel (1964). "Synonymical notes on Neotropical Mutillidae (Hymenoptera)". Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B, Taxonomy. 33 (9–10): 163–171. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1964.tb01635.x. 
  20. ^ Petr Bogusch (2007). "Vespoidea: Mutillidae (kodulkovití)" (PDF). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae. Supplementum 11: 93–104. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. 
  21. ^ "LINN 2904 Mutilla maura (Ins Linn)". The Linnean Collections. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b M. Schwarz (1995). "Revision der westpaläarktischen Arten der Gattungen Gelis Thunberg mit apteren Weibchen und Thaumatogelis Schmiedeknecht (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Teil 1" (PDF). Linzer biologische Beiträge. 27 (1): 5–105.