Hynes Convention Center (MBTA station)
A train arrives at Hynes Convention Center station in 2002
|Location||100 Massachusetts Avenue at 360 Newbury Street
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||MBTA Bus: CT1, 1, 55, 170|
|Opened||October 3, 1914|
|Previous names||Massachusetts (1914–1965)
Hynes Convention Center/ICA (1990–2006)
|Passengers (2013)||8,946 (weekday average boardings)|
Hynes Convention Center is a light rail subway stop on the MBTA Green Line, located at the intersection of Newbury Street and Massachusetts Avenue at the west end of the Back Bay neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It was opened by the Boston Elevated Railway (BERy) in 1914 as a transfer station between east-west streetcars running in the Boylston Street Subway to the Tremont Street Subway, and north-south streetcars on Mass Ave. The surface cars were replaced by buses in the mid 20th century, though Hynes is still a transfer location to the key #1 bus route.
The subway station is not currently wheelchair accessible, although a renovation to the station is planned as part of air rights development over the adjacent Massachusetts Turnpike. Like all MBTA Bus stops, the surface-level bus stop is fully accessible.
Massachusetts station opened on October 3, 1914 as the westernmost station on the Boylston Street Subway, an extension of the 1897-built Tremont Street Subway. Streetcars in the tunnel surfaced just east of Kenmore Square to the west. As with most subway stations built by the Boston Elevated Railway, the station included a streetcar transfer facility. A reinforced concrete building was built between Newbury Street and Boylston Street over the Boston and Albany Railroad tracks, serving as a bidirectional loop for the 76 Harvard - Mass. Station and 47 Mass. Station - Dudley lines running on Massachusetts Avenue.
The 76 route was converted to trackless trolley on September 18, 1949. The 47 route was bustituted on September 12, 1953, followed by the 76 on March 31, 1961. The portion of the streetcar transfer station over the railroad tracks was closed in January 1963 and demolished shortly thereafter during the extension of the Mass Pike into downtown Boston.:48 A large dedicated bus shelter was built across Massachusetts Avenue for southbound riders, with an underground tunnel connecting from the subway station.
The station was renamed to Auditorium in 1965 upon the completion of the War Memorial Auditorium (later renamed Hynes Memorial Auditorium). The Auditorium was replaced by the Hynes Convention Center in 1988; two years later, the station was renamed Hynes Convention Center/ICA after the new building and the nearby Institute of Contemporary Art.
The tunnel to the bus shelter was closed due to security concerns in the 1990s; passengers must now cross at an adjacent crosswalk. In November 2006, shortly after the ICA relocated from its nearby location on Boylston Street to a new building on the South Boston Waterfront, the station was renamed a third time to Hynes Convention Center.
The subway station is not currently wheelchair accessible. Design for accessibility improvements was advanced to the 15% design level in March 2013. On September 3, 2014, MassDOT announced the opening of bidding on air rights development over the Mass Pike on Parcel 13 next to the station. As part of the project, the developer will be required to renovate Hynes Convention Center station with elevators for handicapped accessibility, as well as reopening both the tunnel under Mass Ave and the disused headhouse.
The primary entrance to the station is from Massachusetts Avenue, which leads to the west end of the platforms. A secondary entrance from Boylston Street is normally closed; it is opened on Patriot's Day, to handle the spectators from the Boston Marathon, as well as for large events like Anime Boston at the convention center. For some of these events, like the 2014 Boston Marathon, it is open to exiting passengers only.
|Mezzanine||Concourse||Fare control, crossover between platforms|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Outbound||← Green Line "B" Branch toward Boston College (Kenmore)
← Green Line "C" Branch toward Cleveland Circle (Kenmore)
← Green Line "D" Branch toward Riverside (Kenmore)
|Inbound||→ Green Line toward North Station or Government Center (Copley) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
One crosstown route, two regular routes, and one limited-service route stop on Massachusetts Avenue at the station:
- CT1 Central Square, Cambridge - B.U. Medical Center/Boston Medical Center via M.I.T.
- 1 Harvard/Holyoke Gate - Dudley Station via Massachusetts Avenue & B.U. Medical Center
- 55 Jersey & Queensberry - Copley Square or Park & Tremont Streets via Ipswich Street
- 170 Central Square, Waltham - Dudley Square (limited service)
- "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Belcher, Jonathan (23 March 2013). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "The City of Boston War Memorial Auditorium". City of Boston. 1965. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "Accessibility Upgrades at Symphony, Hynes and Wollaston Stations". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- Metzger, Andy (3 September 2014). "STATE SEEKS AIR RIGHTS DEVELOPER NEAR HYNES STATION". State House News Service. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "PARCEL 13 – HYNES STATION AIR RIGHTS FEASIBILITY STUDY: CAC Presentation March 27, 2014". Boston Redevelopment Authority. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- "Boylston Street Exit of Hynes Station Open This Weekend for Anime Convention" (Press release). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 4 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Rocheleau, Matt (10 April 2014). "MBTA to close some stations, alter bus routes, while increasing most service for Boston Marathon". Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hynes Convention Center (MBTA station).|
- MBTA - Hynes Convention Center
- MBTA - Accessibility Improvements
- Massachusetts Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View