Hynes Convention Center station
Hynes Convention Center station in January 2014
|Location||360 Newbury Street|
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Line(s)||Boylston Street Subway|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||MBTA Bus: CT1, 1, 55|
|Opened||October 3, 1914|
|Previous names||Massachusetts (1914–1965)|
Hynes Convention Center/ICA (1990–2006)
|Passengers (2013)||8,946 (weekday average boardings)|
Hynes Convention Center is an underground light rail station on the MBTA Green Line, located at the intersection of Newbury Street and Massachusetts Avenue at the Hynes Convention Center, located in the western end of the Back Bay neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It was opened by the Boston Elevated Railway (BERy) in 1914 as a transfer station between east-west streetcars running in the Boylston Street Subway to the Tremont Street Subway, and north-south streetcars on Massachusetts Avenue. The surface cars were replaced by buses in the mid-20th century; Hynes is still a transfer location to the key route 1 bus and two other MBTA bus routes.
The subway station is not currently wheelchair accessible, although a renovation to the station is planned around 2019 as part of air rights development over the adjacent Massachusetts Turnpike. Like all MBTA bus stops, the surface-level stop is fully accessible.
Construction of the Boylston Street Subway, a westward extension of the 1897-built Tremont Street Subway, began in March 1912. Stations were located to serve Copley Square - a major civic center - and the Massachusetts Avenue thoroughfare. The tunnel including Massachusetts station opened on October 3, 1914.
Just east of the station, the subway curves slightly to the north to parallel the Boston and Albany Railroad (B&A), located below grade in a trench. West of the station, a reverse curve aligned the tunnel with Newbury Street. Massachusetts station was thus located roughly parallel to the B&A tracks and oblique to the Back Bay street grid. Although located below street level, much of the station was actually built in open air due to the adjacent trench.
The main entrance was on Massachusetts Avenue just south of Newbury Street. A secondary entrance to the east end of the station was located on Boylston Street near Dalton Street. A waiting room for passengers transferring to streetcars was located on Massachusetts Avenue next to the main station entrance. However, this small facility soon proved inadequate.
In 1917, the Massachusetts General Court passed legislation allowing the Boston Elevated Railway (BERy) to construct prepayment streetcar transfer areas at existing subway and elevated stations. Soon after, BERy asked the Boston Transit Commission to build such a structure at Massachusetts station. In November 1917, the Public Service Commission approved BERy's plans to construct the transfer station as a bridge between Newbury Street and Boylston Street over the B&A tracks.:6
A reinforced concrete building was built with two tracks and a 27-foot (8.2 m)-wide island platform. Staircases connected it to both subway platforms and the fare mezzanine, with faregates providing access from Newbury and Boylston Streets. Streetcars from either direction on both Massachusetts and Boylston could reach the transfer station, then either loop back to their original or continue in the other three directions.:38 Construction began on February 4, 1918, and demolition of buildings was completed by April 5.:39
The surface station opened on November 29, 1919. It served as the terminus for four routes, including the 76 Harvard - Mass. Station and 47 Mass. Station - Dudley lines on Massachusetts Avenue plus routes on Boylston Street to Cypress Street Carhouse and Chestnut Hill.
The Boylston Street Subway was extended to Kenmore station in October 1932. On November 28, 1932, the Boylston Street surface route to Cypress Street via Ipswich Street was bustituted and rerouted to Kenmore Square via Brookline Avenue. The 54 Mass. Station - Bowdoin and 55 Queensbury Street - Copley bus routes, the latter created to cover territory formerly served by the Ipswich Street route, soon were added to the surface station. The 76 route was converted to bus on September 12, 1949 and to trackless trolley on April 22, 1950.:28 The 47 route was bustituted on September 12, 1953. Route 76 was bustituted on April 1, 1961.
In the early 1960s, the Massachusetts Turnpike Extension was built along the Boston and Albany Railroad corridor, necessitating a major widening of that right-of-way. The 47 and 76 were through-routed as route 1 in September 1962 to eliminate looping at the surface station, which was permanently closed on January 21, 1963. The portion closer to Boylston Street was demolished soon after. The remaining part, which faces Newbury Street, is used as an MBTA traction power substation, with two large rectifier transformers in the rear. Locally known as "the Slab", the facade is frequently covered in graffiti art and the sidewalk in front is used by buskers. The MBTA has also attempted to lease the space.
A large dedicated bus shelter was built across Massachusetts Avenue for southbound riders in 1963. On November 16, 1964, the newly formed MBTA opened a pedestrian tunnel from the bus shelter to the station's fare lobby. The completion of the Prudential Tower and the adjacent Prudential Center complex in 1965 on what had previous been rail yards increased the number of riders accessing the station from the Boylston Street direction. On April 19, 1965, the MBTA opened a short pedestrian tunnel from the station to a new headhouse on Boylston Street, diagonally across from the Prudential complex.
The station was renamed to Auditorium on February 18, 1965 upon the completion of the War Memorial Auditorium (later renamed Hynes Memorial Auditorium). The Auditorium was replaced by the Hynes Convention Center in 1988; two years later, the station was renamed Hynes Convention Center/ICA after the new building and the nearby Institute of Contemporary Art.
The tunnel to the southbound bus shelter was closed due to security concerns in the early 1980s; passengers are supposed to cross at an adjacent crosswalk, but often run across the street directly to or from the subway entrance at midblock. Passengers waiting for northbound buses can wait under the sidewalk canopy of a large building adjacent to the street.
The Boylston Street entrance was closed on January 3, 1981 as part of extensive cutbacks that including closing Bowdoin and Symphony. It may have reopened later, but was again closed (except for special events) in the late 1990s. In November 2006, shortly after the ICA relocated from its nearby location on Boylston Street to a new building on the South Boston Waterfront, the station was renamed a third time to Hynes Convention Center.
The subway station is not currently accessible. Design for accessibility improvements was advanced to the 15% design level in March 2013. On September 3, 2014, MassDOT announced the opening of bidding on air rights development over the Mass Pike on Parcel 13 next to the station. As part of the project, the developer was to be required to renovate Hynes Convention Center station with elevators for handicapped accessibility, as well as reopening both the tunnel under Massachusetts Avenue and the disused Boylston Street headhouse.
In November 2015, MassDOT approved plans for a development called "The Viola" on the site, with construction to begin in 2019. The developer, Peebles Corporation, will work with the MBTA to design the renovated station, but will not perform the work. Instead, Peebles will provide $30.5 million of the estimated $45.7 million station cost; the MBTA must obtain the remaining funds and organize renovation.
A separate air rights development on the west side of Massachusetts Avenue, planned to be complete in 2022, would include a new entrance to the station.
The station has two side platforms serving the line's two tracks. The primary entrance to the station is from Massachusetts Avenue, which leads to a fare lobby which connects the platforms near their west ends. A side exit leads from the lobby to Newbury Street.
The secondary entrance from Boylston Street to the east end of the platforms is normally closed; it is opened on Patriot's Day to handle the spectators from the Boston Marathon (when Copley station is closed), as well as for large events like Anime Boston at the convention center. For some of these events, like the 2014 Boston Marathon, it is opened for exiting passengers only. The planned station renovations include permanently reopening the entrance.
Three MBTA Bus routes stop at the station:
- CT1: Central Square, Cambridge - B.U. Medical Center/Boston Medical Center via M.I.T.
- 1: Harvard/Holyoke Gate - Dudley Station via Massachusetts Avenue & B.U. Medical Center
- 55: Jersey & Queensberry - Copley Square or Park & Tremont Streets via Ipswich Street
The 1 and CT1 stop on Massachusetts Avenue with stops at and across from the station entrance, while the 55 runs on Boylston Street with stops just east of Massachusetts Avenue.
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