Hyoscyamus

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Hyoscyamus
Henbane1.JPG
Hyoscyamus niger
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Hyoscyameae
Genus: Hyoscyamus
L.[1]
Species

11, see text

Hyoscyamus — known as the henbanes — is a small genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. It comprises 11 species, all of which are toxic. It, along with other genera in the same family, is a source of the drug hyoscyamine (daturine).

Selected species[edit]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Hyoscyamus albus flora.jpg Hyoscyamus albus L. – White henbane Spain and Morocco
Hyoscyamus aureus flower a RJP.jpg Hyoscyamus aureus L. – Golden henbane
Hyoscyamus boveanus L.
Hyoscyamus desertorum L.
Hyoscyamus muticus 02.JPG Hyoscyamus muticus L. – Egyptian henbane (synonym: H. falezlez) Iran
Hyoscyamus niger 0003.JPG Hyoscyamus niger L. – Black henbane North America
Hyoscyamus pusillus 1.jpg Hyoscyamus pusillus L. East Asia
Hyoscyamus reticulatus L.[2]

Legal status[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hyoscyamus L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  2. ^ "Species Records of Hyoscyamus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hyoscyamus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Hyoscyamus at Wikispecies