Hypatia (crater)

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Hypatia crater 4084 h3.jpg
Coordinates 4°18′S 22°36′E / 4.3°S 22.6°E / -4.3; 22.6Coordinates: 4°18′S 22°36′E / 4.3°S 22.6°E / -4.3; 22.6
Diameter 41 × 28 km
Depth 1.4 km
Colongitude 338° at sunrise
Eponym Hypatia of Alexandria

Hypatia is a lunar impact crater that lies along the northwest edge of Sinus Asperitatis, a bay on the southwest edge of Mare Tranquillitatis. The nearest crater with an eponym is Alfraganus to the west-southwest. However, farther to the south-southeast, across the lunar mare, is the prominent crater Theophilus.

Hypatia is an asymmetrical formation with a rugged, irregular outer rim that is cut through by narrow clefts in several locations. It is generally longer along an axis running to the north-northwest, with the widest outward bulge occurring on the west side at the northern end. It resembles a merger of several crater formations that have gained a common interior floor. Attached to the exterior rim along the southwest is the satellite crater Hypatia A, a more symmetrical, bowl-shaped crater.

Moltke crater in the center, with Rimae Hypatia behind it (Apollo 10 photo)
Oblique view of Hypatia from Apollo 16

Rimae Hypatia[edit]

About 70 kilometers to the north of Hypatia is a system of linear rilles designated Rimae Hypatia. This runs for a length of about 180 kilometers across the Mare Tranquillitatis, and generally follows a course to the south-southeast. The part of the rilles close to the crater Moltke was informally called U.S. 1 by the Apollo 10 and Apollo 11 crews.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Hypatia.

Hypatia Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 4.9° S 22.2° E 16 km
B 4.6° S 21.3° E 5 km
C 0.9° S 20.8° E 15 km
D 3.1° S 22.7° E 6 km
E 0.3° S 20.4° E 6 km
F 4.1° S 21.5° E 8 km
G 2.7° S 23.0° E 5 km
H 4.5° S 24.1° E 5 km
M 5.3° S 23.4° E 28 km
R 1.9° S 21.2° E 4 km